Nesara

NESARA 75 pages

http://www.2012.com.au/NESARA.pdf

NESARA
The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act

Monetary and fiscal policy reform that will double the standard of living for every American
within one generation and restore economic and social prosperity across the land.

 
NESARA—A Proposed Bill  |  What’s In It For Me?  |  Contact Us

Draining the Swamp

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Rabbits
Rumors—The “Real” NESARA

Don't chase me!Dr. Harvey Barnard started his search for a root cause and the solutions to America’s social problems in the late 1960s when a professor at Louisiana State University casually remarked during a lecture that social and economic problems could be analyzed and solved with the same tools and techniques used to solve industrial problems. That single comment launched a lifetime pursuit of intellectual curiosity that later became a crusade, driven by nothing more than the challenge of doing the seemingly impossible.After many years of personal study, Dr. Barnard developed a new theory of money. His NESARA legislative proposal began as a formal idea in the late 1980s. The current NESARA proposal saw first light in the early 1990s as a proposal for monetary policy reform. Later Dr. Barnard added his proposals for fiscal policy reform.In 1996 Dr. Barnard self-published his first version of Draining the Swamp, which contained the first public copy of his full NESARA proposal. He circulated copies to members of Congress and other influential political actors. After numerous personal attempts to introduce NESARA to Congress, including attempts to encourage presidential candidates to use NESARA as part of a political reform platform, Dr. Barnard decided that the best hope for meaningful reform was through a grass roots effort. In 1999, with the world wide web beginning to impact modern social structures, he decided to place his NESARA proposal into the public domain and went live with his web site in the summer of 2000. He founded the NESARA Institute in 2001.Shortly after introducing NESARA to the world wide web, certain people latched onto the NESARA idea and began promoting a different version of this story.

Supporters of the altered version of the NESARA story believe that NESARA was enacted into law secretly during the Clinton administration, that there are “White Knights” working tirelessly behind the political scenes to inform the world of this secret legislation, and that the altered version of NESARA promises numerous debt forgiveness elements. Originally, the altered story did not dispute the original NESARA acronym used by Dr. Barnard, but as the rumors increased, supporters then also altered the NESARA acronym.

Although little more than a curiosity for a few years, the altered version of the NESARA story took on a life of its own and now grows throughout the world wide web much like a cancer. So influential is this alternate effort that many people have protested outside the World Court, and some people have paid thousands of dollars to advertise their version of NESARA on the side panels of advertising trucks in Washington, D.C.

Sadly, this disinformation campaign has reduced the credibility of Dr. Barnard’s efforts and today the word “NESARA” is an ill-received word at Congress. To this day Dr. Barnard’s NESARA proposal has yet to be introduced into Congress.

The staff at the NESARA Institute understands part of the emotional and psychological reasons why people support the alternate version of NESARA. Dr. Barnard intended to provide meaningful social reform through his NESARA proposal. He believed that no meaningful social reform was possible without meaningful monetary system reform. Dr. Barnard believed that although individual units of money were privately owned, the monetary exchange system itself was owned by everybody and that the system must be fair and equitable to all people at all times and not just benefit a few politically privileged people.

Part of that monetary reform required modifying the fundamental equations that drive the current economic system, primarily through the socially disruptive concept known as compound interest. By restructuring those equations Dr. Barnard believed that meaningful monetary reform was possible. Restructuring those equations necessarily implied a shift in the character of debt. Debt would not disappear, but most people would find themselves in debt for shorter periods. This effort would return resources to people so that they once again tasted and experienced meaningful social liberty.

Unfortunately, many supporters of the alternate NESARA story interpreted this change in the character of debt as a debt reduction or debt forgiveness plan. Perhaps more sadly is that several investment schemes and prosperity programs circulate around this alternate NESARA story and because so many people desire meaningful monetary reform, find themselves succumbing to the Siren’s lure and provide these schemers money. Money that is never again seen nor is any return on investment ever realized.

Of course, the alternate NESARA story rests upon a conspiracy theory in that NESARA allegedly was passed secretly. Thus, researchers can ask for a copy of this alleged act, but will be told that no copy exists because of the secret passage. Dilgent researchers are reminded of the impossiblity of honestly investigating this alternate version of NESARA and that such difficulties should provide clues about authenticity. Additionally, the process of enacting a legislative proposal and bill into law is easily understood by surfing the web. Researchers will learn that no proposed legislation or bill is ever enacted secretly. Of course, the copy of NESARA proposed by Dr. Barnard is available here at this web site, as well as in Draining the Swamp.

There also are claims from supporters of the alternate NESARA that Dr. Barnard and NESARA Institute staff members all work for President Bush or other nefarious “New World Order” organizations. They also claim that NESARA as presented here at this web site is merely a ploy to detract people from knowing the so-called “true” NESARA.

Before investing funds with anybody, one should diligently research the investment plan. That research includes reading literature, conversing with people, and then seriously evaluating the information based upon facts and not pure emotion. The staff at the NESARA Institute empathizes with those who have lost hard earned funds to these schemers and scam promoters, but a life of social liberty begins first and foremost with self-responsibility. Perhaps one day the alternate NESARA story will fizzle and disappear, but as long as people act and respond through emotion rather than intelligence then these scam artists will continue to succeed.

Some people believe that there is no such thing as bad publicity, but many serious NESARA advocates now realize that there also is a point of no return with some kinds of publicity. Credibility becomes a factor because of the effort to circulate the alternate NESARA story. Serious advocates of Dr. Barnard’s NESARA idea would like to see NESARA introduced into Congress. Serious advocates realize that doing so is an uphill battle simply through the fundamental political process, but that the alternate NESARA story makes that hill steeper and more difficult to climb. True monetary and fiscal policy reform still await. Social conflict continues because of the flawed equations that drive the system.

Please exercise some common sense before deciding to support the alternate NESARA story. For further information:

What is a Rabbit?

Rumors—Treasury Reserve Banks
Rumors—Secret Enactments and Prosperity
Rumors—WTC and Pentagon

Wikipedia—NESARA
Wikipedia—The NESARA Conspiracy Theory

Quatloos—NESARA Scam

The News Tribune
Dove of Oneness: Snared by a cybercult queen, by Sean Robinson
Dove of Oneness: Up against ‘the dark agenda’, by Sean Robinson
An annoyed Dove gives her proof of NESARA’s existence, by Sean Robinson
Cyber schemers like ‘Dove’ prey on foibles, Editorial
Dove of Oneness story draws criticism, energy, praise, by David Zeeck
Documentary spotlights NESARA cult; Dove’s followers, by Sean Robinson
Whatever happened to…? ‘Dove of Oneness’ still at the keyboard, by Sean Robinson

The American Free Press
NESARA: Too Good to Be True? Maybe Not…, by John Tiffany

WorldNetDaily
Monetary changes promise prosperity for all, by Ron Strom

 

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NESARA—A Proposed Bill  |  Status of the Proposal  |  NESARA v. Other Proposals
What’s In It For Me?  |  FAQs  |  Articles and Information
Spread the Word  |  What Can I Do?  |  Political Contacts
Op-Ed  |  Dictionary  |  Search
Contact Us  |  Notes and Legal Stuff

NESARA
The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act

Monetary and fiscal policy reform that will double the standard of living for every American
within one generation and restore economic and social prosperity across the land.

 
NESARA—A Proposed Bill  |  What’s In It For Me?  |  Contact Us

Draining the Swamp

What Can I Do?  |  The “Real” NESARA  |  Articles and Information  |  Search

Home

 
 

 

Articles and Information

A facade covers the modern world, a far different place than most imagine. The authors of this web site hereby offer you the opportunity to explore this realm: a fascinating place of things, personalities and events, but mostly of ideas and concepts.This web site is a mosaic of ideas: images from the realms of philosophy, economics, finance, history, sociology, morality, law, and politics, all arranged in unusual patterns. Just when you think you have the picture, a new image changes the scene. Be prepared to face the dark side—and possibly see the light.A word of caution:This page of supporting articles and information is dangerous territory. In support of the theory that ignorance is bliss, our lighthearted advice is, “Don’t go there! It’s a trap!” Getting in is easy but be warned: there are no exits. You can never un-ring a bell. Once exposed to new information you are forced to do something, and you can’t evade the situation by refusing to act because that, in itself, constitutes an action.Life is a game with only a few recorded rules. Society often makes up the rules as we go along. Be prepared to learn what you’ve never learned before!
“Americans are having second thoughts about the political genie living in the nation’s capitol—all too often it gives them what they ask for.”

I have a feeling we're not in Kansas anymore (104K)

Click on Toto if you have time—and enjoy!

 

The Concept of Money

What is money? What is the purpose for money? Do we need money? Is money wealth? To fix a problem you must first understand foundations. The articles in this section are designed to help you understand the foundations for NESARA. The articles are designed to be read sequentially. By no means are you required to read the articles in the order presented, but the reward of doing so will become obvious to serious students. Simply follow the Yellow Brick Road at the end of each article. Please help yourself to a new and fresh perspective about money.

Currency as Debt: A New Theory of Money
Abstract: Three New Monetary Concepts
An Introduction 
Back To Basics—The Nature of Money
Understanding Money—Debt-Money Systems
Letters from College—Thoughts about Money
A Practical Application of the Concept of Virtual Wealth
New Equations for a Better World Economy

 

Root Causes

To fix a problem you must identify root causes, otherwise you only stop the symptoms and not the cause. The articles in this section are designed to help you understand the root cause of what went wrong in America with monetary and fiscal policy. The articles are designed to be read sequentially. Simply follow the Yellow Brick Road at the end of each article.

What Went Wrong? Identifying Root Causes
Their Lips Are Moving—Requiem For The Income Tax
Negotiating With The Warden—From Master To Serf

The Solution
Let Them Eat Cake
To Talk Of Many Things—Living In Interesting Times
Pie In The Sky?—An Offer You Can’t Refuse

 

Related InformationAs teachers by nature, the authors offer further information of interest. Hopefully the following information helps you understand some other problems affecting America.

Miscellaneous Articles 
Nine-Tenths Pure
Barter, Trade, or Commerce?
Personal, Private, and Public Property
The Yellow Brick Road
Conspiracies and Games

General Questions
The Income Tax
Banking
Money and Currency
The Federal Reserve System

Rabbits
What is a Rabbit?
Banking
Money and Currency
The Federal Reserve System
Rumors—Treasury Reserve Banks
Rumors—Secret Enactments and Prosperity
Rumors—WTC and Pentagon
Rumors—The “Real” NESARA

 

Other Info

References
Dictionary of Relevant Terms
Court Cases Cited Within This Web Site
Books Cited Within This Web Site

Foundation Documents
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
Northwest Ordinance
Constitution of the United States
Constitution Common Clauses

Congressional Acts
Coinage Act of 1792 (HTML) (DownloadPDF-537K)
Coinage Act of 1834 (DownloadPDF-163K)
Coinage Act of 1837 (DownloadPDF-695K)
Coinage Act of 1849 (DownloadPDF-180K)
Federal Reserve Act of 1913 (DownloadPDF-2.02M)

Works by Other Authors
The Law–Frederic Bastiat
Not Yours to Give–A Tale of Davy Crockett
Natural Law–Lysander Spooner

Abolish the Income Tax!–Alan Keyes
What Is A Dollar?–Edwin Vieira, Jr.
The Doctrine of ‘Virtual Wealth’–J. Martin Hattersley

Replacing the Federal Income Tax–Cato Institute
How a National Sales Tax Would Work–Cato Institute
The Economic and Civil Liberties Case for a National Sales Tax–Cato Institute
Considering a National Sales Tax–Cato Institute

The Economic Impact Of Replacing Federal Income Taxes With A Sales Tax–Cato Institute
Evolution of Federal Income Tax Withholding–Cato Institute
The Home Mortgage Interest Deduction: A $5,000 Cat?–CATS

The Tax History Project–Tax Analysts
For Good and Evil, the Impact of Taxes on the Course of Civilization–Charles Adams
Those Dirty Rotten Taxes, The Tax Revolts that Built America–Charles Adams

Off Site Links
Federal Reserve Banks
Banking Regulations (New York Federal Reserve)
United States Treasury
Bureau of Public Debt

Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Government Printing Office
Internal Revenue Code (Cornell University)
United States Code (Cornell University)

Code of Federal Regulations (Cornell University)
Uniform Commercial Code (Cornell University)
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (Cornell University)

Annotated Constitution of the United States (Congressional Research Service)
Annotated Constitution of the United States (FindLaw)
The Federalist Papers (Library of Congress)

 

FreedomAn ancient oriental proverb states that the longest journey begins with but a single step. We advocate and urge peaceful, not violent means to restore and heal this land. This entire web site is about education. Please read and become informed. Take back your life. Take back this land. Peacefully. Read the legislation provided at this web site. Let the healing begin.

Although we emphasize peaceful restoration, we nonetheless provide you with a reminder of what this web site is all about. Freedom. Freedom is often difficult for many to define, but those who are not free are very much aware they are not. Ask any slave or any prisoner. Ask any person living under dictatorial or despotic rule. Ask any person who does not fully enjoy the fruits of his or her labor. Ask any person who has had children or property forcibly taken under color of law.

If you have the time to wait for the download we think you’ll understand.

What This Web Site Is All About

Blessings to you for stopping by. May you live in interesting times. Let the healing begin.

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NESARA—A Proposed Bill  |  Status of the Proposal  |  NESARA v. Other Proposals
What’s In It For Me?  |  FAQs  |  Articles and Information
Spread the Word  |  What Can I Do?  |  Political Contacts
Op-Ed  |  Dictionary  |  Search
Contact Us  |  Notes and Legal Stuff
Draining the Swamp—The NESARA Story
The “Real” NESARA
Home

Sponsored by the NESARA Institute
23805 Greenwell Springs Rd.
Greenwell Springs, Louisiana 70739
(225) 445–0623

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http://discharge-debt.com/id152.htm

Read also This Page to see who is telling the truth
The information presented below is found on a government site so
you must decide if the first section is real or not for yourself.
Status of the Proposed Bill
Most of the links on this page have become broken.
Please use this link for aditional info www.nesara.org/
January 16, 2006: The bill has not been enacted into law, has not been introduced into Congress, and has not yet been assigned a tracking number. Please contact the President, representatives and senators, and ask if they support the bill. Send them all a copy of the bill (further contact information is available on our Political Contacts page).
After the bill is assigned a number, the status of the proposed bill also can be viewed at the Thomas locator registry. However, the bill will not appear in the Thomas registry until the bill has been assigned a number.
Introduced into Committee: We need at least one representative to sponsor the bill, obtain a bill number, and enter the bill into the record. The two House committees that would be interested in the bill are the Financial Services and the Ways and Means Committees. The two Senate committees that would be interested in the bill are the Finance and the Banking, Housing, And Urban Affairs Committees. Please contact the representatives on those committees, especially if one of the members happens to be your representative (contact information is available on our Political Contacts page).
Representatives and senators are becoming aware of the proposal. Please continue your phone calls, faxes, emails, personal contacts, etc. Grass roots pressure is beginning to work, so please continue applying pressure. See our Political Contacts page for more information. Please also continue spreading the word-see our Spread the Word page for ideas. If you wish to help financially, please see our What Can I Do? page for details.
Bill number: None
At one time the Treasury Department acknowledged the bill (the link is no longer active): http://www.ustreas.gov/education/faq/markets/economy.html. Please remember that the Treasury Department has no authority to make law and at best can only provide policy commentary and opinion to Congress.
How Does NESARA Compare to Other Proposals?
Fiscal Policy Reform Comparison Chart
          Item
H.R. 25
H.R. 2717
NESARA
Designed to be revenue neutral
Yes
Yes
Yes
Written in plain English
No
No
Yes
Initial tax rate
23%
15%
14%
Payroll (SS/Medicare) taxes repealed
Yes
No
No
Sales tax tied to SS/Medicare rates
Yes
No
No
             
Item
    
H.R. 25
    
H.R. 2717
    
NESARA
Eliminates personal income taxes
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
Yes
Eliminates corporate income taxes
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
Yes
Eliminates gift taxes and estate taxes
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
Yes
Eliminates capital gains taxes
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
Yes
Secondary sales of securities taxed
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Income withholding still in effect for non residents
    
Yes
    
No
    
No
            
Item
    
H.R. 25
    
H.R. 2717
    
NESARA
Labor/Direct services taxed
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Groceries taxed
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Prescription (not off-the-shelf) drugs taxed
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Insurance premiums taxed
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Mandated expenses such as permits, licenses, etc. taxed
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Purchases outside U.S. borders are taxed
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
Yes
Business/trade purchases exempt
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Tax basis is different for used property
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
Yes
De minimis limits established
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
De minimis breaks for real estate sales people, bankers and stockbrokers
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
            
Item
    
H.R. 25
    
H.R. 2717
    
NESARA
Simple at-the-counter exemptions used to offset regressive nature
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
High administrative costs associated with offsetting regressive nature
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Complicated administrative rebate used to offset regressive nature
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
N/A
All families eligible for a rebate
    
No
    
No
    
N/A
Rebate provided through payroll deduction calculations
    
No
    
Yes
    
N/A
Families must register with the state
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
N/A
SSN required
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
N/A
Must disclose family income
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
N/A
Non-employee contracted labor eligible for rebate
    
?
    
Yes
    
N/A
Incarcerated family members excluded from tax rebate
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
N/A
            
Item
    
H.R. 25
    
H.R. 2717
    
NESARA
Barter subject to tax
    
Yes
    
No
    
No
Sellers must register with the State
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Penalties established for failing to register
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Sellers must maintain a segregated bank account
    
Yes
    
No
    
No
Sellers required to post bond
    
Yes
    
No
    
No
Purchaser sometimes liable for the tax
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Complicated system of credits established
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Reward program established for snitching
    
Yes
    
No
    
No
Net gaming receipts (income) taxed
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
Yes
            
Item
    
H.R. 25
    
H.R. 2717
    
NESARA
Maintaining books/records mandated
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
“Tax matters” person required to be established
    
No
    
Yes
    
No
Sellers subject to summons
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Sellers subject to examinations
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Sellers subject to audits
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Wages may be garnished
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No*
Homes subject to lien/levy
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No*
Personal property subject to lien/levy
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No*
Burden of proof on accused
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
Government purchases subject to tax
    
Yes
    
Yes
    
No
            
Item
    
H.R. 25
    
H.R. 2717
    
NESARA
Provisions provided to stabilize the currency
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Constitutional gold and silver coin restored to circulation
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Public control of the currency restored
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Currency exchange index established
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
            
Item
    
H.R. 25
    
H.R. 2717
    
NESARA
Provisions provided to reform the Federal Reserve System
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Provisions provided to cure inflation
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Eliminates about $1 trillion of the public debt
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Congress discouraged from creating money out of thin air
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Congress forced to borrow currency already in circulation
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Commercial paper prohibited from being used as bank reserves
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
            
Item
    
H.R. 25
    
H.R. 2717
    
NESARA
Provisions provided to reform banking
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Compound interest on secured fractional reserve loans eliminated
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
Eliminates some private debt
    
No
    
No
    
Yes
* Except for responsible officers of corporations and the general partner and responsible officers of partnerships-see Part II 7(J).
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Executive Summary
NESARA
Monetary Policy Reform
Establishes three types of United States currency: standard silver coin and gold coin (restores Constitutional currency), and treasury credit-notes
The United States Treasury buys and cancels all outstanding capital stock of the former Federal Reserve Banks
The privately owned Federal Reserve System is abolished, returning ownership of the national currency to the people through a newly created United States Treasury Reserve System
A new Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System uses a specific law-mandated plan to maintain and stabilize the exchange value of the currency
The new Board assumes all powers and responsibilities of the former Federal Open Market Committee, eliminating private control of the nation’s monetary system
The existing regional Federal Reserve Banks become Treasury Reserve Banks and continue clearinghouse operations and other bank service functions under the direction of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
All commercial banks must exchange their income-producing government obligations for treasury credit-notes (reduces the national debt)
Only treasury credit-notes may be held as bank reserves
Fundamental changes are imposed on the repayment of all outstanding fractional reserve loans on secured property-principal must be repaid before the monetizing-fee is paid (applies retroactively to existing mortgages reducing private debt)
A progressive federal excise tax is imposed on the privilege of making commercial loans of currency for profit
Commercial financial institutions such as credit unions are provided, subject to some restriction, with opportunities to operate with fractional reserves
Fiscal Policy Reform
Amends the existing federal income tax system
A national retail sales (excise) tax is imposed upon non-exempt retail activities of commerce (20 categories of exemptions covering most necessities of life)
The Internal Revenue Service is reorganized as the National Tax Service to administer the collection of the new tax
What NESARA Does Not Immediately Do
Eliminate all payroll taxes, such as Social Security and Medicare taxes
Eliminate constitutional excise taxes on regulated activities
Immediately eliminate the entire national debt
Immediately halt inflation (the economy needs some response time before inflation will disappear)
__________________________________________________________________________________________
108th CONGRESS
Second Session
H. R. ________________
To amend the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, as amended; and the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as amended; in order to secure for the American people their unalienable right to Life, Liberty, and Property.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
_____________________ for himself, _____________________,
_________________, _________________, _________________,
introduced the following bill; which was referred to the committee on ____________________.
A BILL
To amend the Federal Reserve Act to provide for the American people a constitutionally accurate, sound, safe, and honest medium of exchange; and,
To amend the Internal Revenue Code enacted on February 10, 1939, as amended, to abolish the collection of revenue based on income and to establish a constitutional tax system within the classes of imposts, excises and duties;
So that the endeavors of the American people in agriculture, industry and commerce may prosper.
TITLE: NATIONAL ECONOMIC STABILIZATION AND RECOVERY ACT
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress Assembled,
NESARA
The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
108th CONGRESS
2nd Session
H. R. ________________
(This bill has not yet been introduced into Congress)
To amend the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, as amended; and the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, as amended; in order to secure for the American people their unalienable right to Life, Liberty, and Property.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
_____________________ for himself, _____________________,
_________________, _________________, _________________,
introduced the following bill; which was referred to the committee on
____________________
A BILL
To amend the Federal Reserve Act to provide for the American people a constitutionally accurate, sound, safe, and honest medium of exchange; and, To amend the Internal Revenue Code enacted on February 10, 1939, as amended, to abolish the  Collection of revenue based on income and to establish a constitutional tax system within the classes of imposts,
excises and duties; So that the endeavors of the American people in agriculture, industry and commerce may prosper.
TITLE: NATIONAL ECONOMIC STABILIZATION AND RECOVERY ACT
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress Assembled,
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
The NESARA act itself
NESARA
The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Table of Contents
Purpose……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..4
What is wrong with America?…………………………………………………………………………………………………….4
Can We Really “Fix” America? Can One Bill Repair The Damage? ……………………………………………….4
Executive Summary …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5
Monetary Policy Reform…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5
Fiscal Policy Reform………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5
What NESARA Does Not Immediately Do ………………………………………………………………………………….5
Detailed Summary-Part I Banking and Monetary Reform…………………………………………………………..6
Immediate Relief and Results …………………………………………………………………………………………………….6
The Federal Reserve System ………………………………………………………………………………………………………6
Monetary Policy ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………6
Banking ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….7
Detailed Summary-Part II National Sales and Use Tax………………………………………………………………..8
Immediate Relief and Results …………………………………………………………………………………………………….8
The Income Tax ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8
Sales and Use Tax ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8
Part I. Banking and Monetary Reform………………………………………………………………………………………10
Section 1. Definitions……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..10
Section 2. Findings…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………13
Section 3. Congressional Control Of The United States Monetary System……………………………………..14
Section 4. Provisions For United States Currency ……………………………………………………………………….14
Section 5. Reformation Of The Federal Reserve System………………………………………………………………18
Section 6. Reformation Of The Federal Reserve Banks………………………………………………………………..21
Section 7. Regulation Of Commercial Banks And Other Financial Institutions……………………………….22
Section 8. Excise Tax Imposed On Monetization-Fee Or Interest Income ………………………………………24
Section 9. Regulation Of The Exchange Value Of Treasury Credit-Notes………………………………………25
Section 10. Authorization For Limited Bank Charters………………………………………………………………….26
Section 11. Regulation Of Postal Money Orders …………………………………………………………………………26
Section 12. Crime Defined And Punishment Established……………………………………………………………..27
Section 13. All Inconsistent Acts Repealed ………………………………………………………………………………..27
Part II. National Sales and Use Tax……………………………………………………………………………………………28
Section 1. Definitions……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..28
Section 2. Findings…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………30
Section 3. Federal Income Tax Abolished ………………………………………………………………………………….31
Section 4. Revision Of The Internal Revenue Service ………………………………………………………………….32
Section 5. National Sales And Use Tax Imposed…………………………………………………………………………32
Section 6. Liability For And Disposition Of The National Sales And Use Tax………………………………..34
Section 7. Compensation For Tax Policy Changes ………………………………………………………………………37
Section 8. Recovery Of Taxes, Penalty, And Interest …………………………………………………………………..37
Section 9. Crime Defined And Punishment Established……………………………………………………………….40
Section 10. All Inconsistent Acts Repealed ………………………………………………………………………………..41
Appendix A ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..42
Part I. Banking and Monetary Reform Explanation and Details…………………………………………………….42
Appendix B ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..54
Part II. National Sales and Use Tax Explanation and Details ………………………………………………………..54
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Appendix C ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..66
Fair or Equitable?…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..66
Imagine Legislation That………………………………………………………………………………………………………..67
Promotes Universal Home Ownership ……………………………………………………………………………………67
Terminates or Drastically Reduces Existing Mortgage Debt ……………………………………………………..69
Provides New Banking Rules That Are Equitable To All………………………………………………………….70
Eliminates Federal Income Taxes ………………………………………………………………………………………….71
Enables Single Parents to Support Their Families ……………………………………………………………………72
Restores Financial Privacy ……………………………………………………………………………………………………73
Restores Inner Cities as Vital Economic Areas………………………………………………………………………..74
Improves the Balance of Trade ……………………………………………………………………………………………..75
Restores High-Paying Productive Jobs …………………………………………………………………………………..75
Increases Benefits to Senior Citizens ……………………………………………………………………………………..76
Doubles the Average Standard of Living ………………………………………………………………………………..77
Eliminates Bank Failures ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..78
Provides 500 Billion Dollars for Infrastructure Projects……………………………………………………………82
Makes the Public Responsible for Currency Creation ………………………………………………………………83
Eliminates A Trillion Dollars of Public Debt…………………………………………………………………………..83
Eliminates Inflation ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..84
Benefits Americans with an Unprecedented Economic Boom …………………………………………………..85
Provides a More Secure Future For All…………………………………………………………………………………..85
NESARA
The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Purpose
• To provide monetary reform by amending the Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
• To provide fiscal reform by amending the Internal Revenue Code of 1939.
• To secure for the American people their unalienable right to Life, Liberty, and Property.
What is wrong with America?
• The income gap between the rich and poor continues to widen
• Earnings for the poorest fifth of American families rose less than 1% between 1988 and 1998
• Earnings for the richest fifth of American families rose more than 15% between 1988 and 1998
• Income tax preparation costs Americans more than $225 billion and more than 5 billion hours per year in nonproductive labor
• Social woes and problems continue to escalate
• Income tax laws continue to erode privacy rights
• Asset forfeitures continue to rise due to inequitable monetary policy and tax laws
• The American Dream is quickly disappearing
• Unsound monetary and fiscal policies encourage waste and graft
• Public and private debt continue to rise
• Current banking practices and policies no longer support the people but special interests
• Current monetary and fiscal policy provides no mechanism to stop or defeat inflation
Can We Really “Fix” America?
Can One Bill Repair The Damage?
NESARA will:
• Reduce social inequalities and problems by doubling the average standard of living
• Eliminate trillions of dollars of public and private debt
• Return control of the currency to the public
• Reduces the cost of using public currency
• Provide new banking rules that are equitable and fair to all
• Provide $500 billion of new public works projects
• Replace the income tax with a fair tax
• Improve the balance of trade problems
• Rebuild American industry with high-paying, productive jobs
• Eliminate inflation
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Executive Summary
Monetary Policy Reform
• Establishes three types of United States currency: standard silver coin, standard gold coin and treasury credit-notes (restores Constitutional currency)
• The United States Treasury buys and cancels all outstanding capital stock of the former Federal Reserve Banks
• The privately owned Federal Reserve System becomes a public entity, the United States Treasury Reserve System
• A new Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System uses a specific law-mandated plan to maintain and stabilize the exchange value of the currency
• The new Board assumes all powers and responsibilities of the former Federal Open Market Committee
• The existing regional Federal Reserve Banks become Treasury Reserve Banks and continue clearinghouse operations and other bank service functions under the direction of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
• All commercial banks must exchange their income-producing government obligations for treasury credit-notes (reduces the national debt)
• Only treasury credit-notes may be held as bank reserves
• Fundamental changes are imposed on the repayment of all outstanding fractional reserve loans on secured property-principal must be repaid before the monetizing-fee is paid (applies retroactively to existing mortgages reducing private debt)
• A progressive federal excise tax is imposed on the privilege of making commercial loans of currency for profit
• Commercial financial institutions such as credit unions are provided, subject to some restriction, with opportunities to operate with fractional reserves
Fiscal Policy Reform
• Amends the existing federal income tax system
• A national retail sales (excise) tax is imposed upon non-exempt retail activities of commerce (21 categories of exemptions covering most necessities of life)
• The Internal Revenue Service is reorganized as the National Tax Service to administer the collection of the new tax
What NESARA Does Not Immediately Do
• Eliminate all payroll taxes, such as Social Security and Medicare taxes
• Eliminate constitutional excise taxes on regulated activities
• Immediately eliminate the entire national debt
• Immediately halt inflation (the economy needs some response time before inflation will disappear)
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Detailed Summary-Part I Banking and Monetary Reform
Immediate Relief and Results
• Eliminates approximately $1 trillion of the nation’s public debt
• Reduces future private debt by approximately $1 trillion
• Immediately eliminates some private debt, especially for many homeowners
The Federal Reserve System
• The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 is amended
• The Federal Reserve System is abolished and replaced by a new Treasury Reserve System
• Control of the currency is moved from private control of the Fed to public control of Congress and the new Treasury Reserve System
• Congress sets the standards for the new monetary system but the people create as much or as little currency as they need
• Functions of the Federal Open Market Committee are transferred to the Board of Governors of the new Treasury Reserve System
• A new mechanism, the Treasury Reserve Account, is created to provide the Treasury Reserve System Board of Governors a better method to fine-tune the money supply, effectively eliminating inflation
• The Treasury Reserve System Board of Governors will continue using the previous three mechanisms for controlling the money supply: 1. Setting reserve requirements. 2. Setting the national discount rate. 3. Purchasing U.S. Treasury securities on the open market.
• All U.S. Treasury securities purchased by the Treasury Reserve System Board of Governors will be immediately turned over to the U.S. Treasury and cancelled out of existence.
Monetary Policy
• People are provided with several alternatives for currency
• Constitutional currency is restored
• Currency becomes debt free as the people stop paying interest payments for their use of a public utility
• Unlike previous policy, the new Treasury Reserve Board is provided one very specific mandate: maintain a stable currency
• Expansion of the economy is returned to the free market
• Private coinage is encouraged
• Exchange ratios for the various currencies are published at least weekly
• Printing of redeemable gold and silver certificates is allowed
• Postal money orders are made available in denominations of gold and silver coin
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Banking
• Returns the banking industry to serving public interests
• For secured loans, compound interest is outlawed and replaced with a monetization fee
• Provides stricter banking controls by imposing excise taxes to discourage high or runaway monetization fees
• On secured loans obtained from a fractional reserve bank, principal must be paid in full before the bank begins collecting its monetization fee
• Eliminates the façade for banking insurance (FDIC)
• Except for fraud and criminal activities, virtually eliminates bank failures
• Banks are prohibited from using as reserves any commercial paper
• Only Treasury credit-notes can be used as bank reserves
• Banks are prohibited from purchasing government issued debt, effectively removing banks from influencing monetary policy
• Checking accounts against gold and silver deposits are prohibited
• Commingling of funds among the various money accounts without owner’s permission is prohibited
• All currency deposits with banks are general warrant deposits and custody accounts.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Detailed Summary-Part II National Sales and Use Tax
Immediate Relief and Results
• Workers maintain better control of their earnings
• Production is no longer taxed, just consumption
• Most of the necessities of life are not taxed
• Encourages production thus revitalizing industry in America
• Encourages rebuilding of inner cities
• Discourages wasteful uses of natural resources
• Exposes the true cost of government
• Greatly eliminates the struggle between tax “protesters” and bureaucracy
• Allows the “underground” to resurface and become a viable contribution to production of goods and services
• Greatly restricts the influence of special interests and lobbyists
The Income Tax
• The Income Tax Act of 1939 is amended
• People need no longer fear the IRS
• Billions of hours of nonproductive labor are eliminated
• Mounds of paper work are eliminated
• The cost of the income tax is no longer hidden and embedded in the cost of doing business and passed down the chain with the consumer paying the final tab
• Most likely eliminates state income tax plans because state income taxation piggybacks on federal income taxation
• The IRS is reformed into the National Tax Service
• Volumes of complicated tax code are history
• Eliminates personal income taxes
• Eliminates corporate income taxes
• Eliminates gift taxes and estate taxes
• Eliminates capital gains taxes
Sales and Use Tax
• Tax rate of 14%
• Government entities are exempt
• Government mandated expenses such as licenses, permits, passports, are exempt
• Sales of bullion, coin and currency are exempt
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
• Sales made by or to nonprofit schools are exempt
• Sales of prescription drugs, medical supplies and services are exempt
• Real estate rents and leases are exempt
• Sales of groceries are exempt
• Sales of plants, livestock and fish used in the production of food for human consumption are exempt
• Insurance sales are exempt
• Segregated portions of labor in retail service contracts are exempt
• Incidental or occasional sales such as garage or rummage sales are exempt
• Sales for the purposes of recycling are exempt
• Meals provided by companies at company expense are exempt
• Sales that are nonprofit in nature are exempt
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Part I. Banking and Monetary Reform
Section 1. Definitions
Definitions for terms used in this part are equivalent to those of the United States Constitution and the Coinage Act of 1792 or are explicitly stipulated below.
Accounting unit dollar: Token dollar; imaginary accounting unit used to denominate United States currency.
Barter: Wealth traded by direct exchange.
Bill of credit: Paper document issued as legal tender by the government on its authority and credit, redeemable in specie at a future day, and designed to circulate as money.
Coin: A piece of metal with its commodity type, weight and fineness stated on its face; an item of intrinsic value based in the unconditional, historical domain and often used as a medium of exchange.
Credit: Imaginary demand. Reliance on the truth or reality of something; belief; faith.
Credit-note: Paper document denominated in token dollars; United States Treasury credit-note.
Currency: That which circulates as a medium of exchange; anything that is in immediate, continuous and widespread use as money.
Custody account: a fiduciary account of general warrant deposits whereby rights to deposited funds remain vested in the depositor.
Dollar: A unit of weight, as construed in the U.S. Constitution and in the Coinage Act of 1792, equal to 371 and 1/4 grains; equivalent to 24.0566 grams or 0.77344 troy ounces.
Eagle: A gold coin containing one troy ounce of gold; an easily recognizable standard United States coin which may be used as money.
Exchange value: Instantaneous parity of a thing at the time of the exchange.
Expediency: That which is apt or suitable to an end in view.
Federal Reserve Note: Paper document denominated in token dollars; a token note having only exchange value; a type of U.S. currency adopted by custom and through the imposition of legal tender laws; a direct obligation of the United States; fiat money; scrip.
Fiat money: Paper documents or token coins, normally issued by governments and made legal tender by fiat or statutory law, not redeemable in specie; an item of exchange value based in the conditional, future domain; accepted by the issuer as compensation for taxes, fees, duties or debts; accepted by others in anticipation of future exchanges.
Fiat: A sanction; decree.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Free market: One in which any individual may exchange their products or services by competitive bidding, open to all, without constraint.
Fungible: Goods and commodities that are identical with other goods and commodities and of the same nature.
General warrant deposits: fungible deposits allowing banks to return property like-for-like.
Gold certificate: A document certifying that a like amount of its face denomination in (gold) eagles is on deposit with and held in trust for its immediate redemption at the U.S. Treasury or at a designated agent of the U.S. Treasury.
Gold eagle: Eagle.
Interest: Compensation paid to a creditor for loss of the use of their own currency.
Intrinsic value: Inherent value usually related to cost of production, more properly related to marginal utility.
Irredeemable: Not convertible into specie at the pleasure of the holder; inconvertible; not terminable by payment of the principal.
Lawful: Authorized; sanctioned; not contrary to nor forbidden by law; constitutional.
Lawful money: Lawful money of account; specie: silver dollars, eagles.
Legal: Done or performed in accordance with the forms and usages of law, or in a technical manner. An Act may be legal but, if not constitutional, it is not lawful.
Legal-tender: Default medium of exchange; forced use of a government specified medium of exchange when parties to a mercantile transaction fail to specify a specific medium of exchange.
Medium of exchange: Currency; an intermediate used during trade or commerce; an expediency accepted in an exchange; that which is used as money in an exchange.
Monetization fee: Payment required for the monetization of debt; pseudo interest.
Money: A psychological creation; a concept; the mental image of that which is used as a medium of exchange.
Note: Certified claim on wealth; a written or printed paper acknowledging a debt and promising payment.
Payment: Discharge of an obligation or debt by delivery of value, usually lawful money. The execution and delivery of negotiable papers [instruments] is not payment unless it is accepted by the parties in that sense. (UCC § 3-410)
Scrip: Provisional certificate; evidence that the holder or bearer is entitled to receive something.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
Seigniorage: The difference, which may be positive or negative, between the face value of specie (coin), silver or gold certificates, or fiat money and its commodity value in a free market.
Silver dollar: A coin containing a dollar weight-371 and 1/4 grains-of silver; an easily recognizable standard United States coin which may be used as money.
Silver certificate: A document certifying that a like amount of its face denomination in dollars of coined silver is on deposit with and held in trust for its immediate redemption at the U.S. Treasury or at a designated agent of the U.S. Treasury.
Source: Point of origin or creation.
Specie: Coin, usually of silver or gold.
Tender: Any offer to settle a debt or obligation with any accepted medium of exchange accompanied by means for fulfillment of that offer.
Token coin: A piece of metal intended for use as currency, issued at a nominal or face value normally far in excess of its commodity value; United States clad coins and subsidiary coins of base alloys.
Token dollar: Imaginary accounting unit dollar; debt; an artificial creation, irredeemable in specie.
Token: Something that serves as what it is not.
Treasury bill: Obligation of the U.S. Treasury for a specified term of three, six or twelve months from the date of issue, bearing no interest but sold at a discount.
Treasury bond: Paper document issued by the government as evidence of long-term indebtedness.
Treasury certificate: Obligation of the U.S. Treasury generally maturing in one year on which interest is paid by coupon.
Treasury credit-note: United States currency; paper document denominated in token dollars, designed to circulate as money, having exchange value, irredeemable, with limited legal-tender character, authorized by the Congress of the United States, issued by the U.S. Treasury bearing no interest and spent into circulation through voluntary acceptance; an obligation of the United States; fiat money.
Treasury note: Obligation of the U.S. Treasury, with a maturity of one to five years and interest paid by coupon.
Unit: Any specified or determinable amount or quantity adopted as a standard of measurement. Unity; one.
Units of Measure-Common Equivalents: Accurate to one part per million or better; included for reference only;
• 1 pound, Troy = 373.2417216 grams;
• 1 pound, Troy = 12 ounces, Troy;
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
• 1 pound, Troy = 5,760 grains;
• 1 ounce, Troy = 480 grains;
• 1 grain = 0.06479891 grams
Section 2. Findings
The Congress finds that –
(1) an excessive debt, both public and private, is the cause of much of this nation’s economic distress.
(2) outdated banking, monetary and fiscal practices, supported by national statutes, codes and regulations, led to the creation of a large portion of this debt.
(3) the nation’s privately owned central banks of the Federal Reserve System exercise significant control over the national economy through manipulation of monetary policy.
(4) the private character of the Federal Reserve System was recognized in the Act creating the system when Congress reserved to itself “[t]he rights to amend, alter, or repeal” the authorizing legislation. (38 Stat. 251, 275)
(5) the reservation of “[t]he right to amend, alter, or repeal” the Act establishing the Federal Reserve System displays Congressional concern to obviate any possibility that the private parties comprising the Federal Reserve System might acquire, directly in or through application of the statute, any rights, powers, privileges or immunities that the courts could later hold were constitutionally immutable.
(6) the federal courts have also recognized that, although the Federal Reserve System may perform various functions purportedly on behalf of the national government, it is not an agency of the United States. Lewis v. United States, 680 F.2d 1239, 1240 (9th Cir. 1982)
(7) the Supreme Court of the United States noted in 1896 that “National banks are instrumentalities of the Federal government, created for a public purpose, and as such necessarily subject to the paramount authority of the United States.” Davis v. Elmira Savings, 161 U.S. 275
(8) the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee were given a mandate to “maintain long run growth of the monetary and credit aggregates commensurate with the economy’s long run potential to increase production, so as to promote effectively the goals of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates.”
(9) the performance of the Federal Reserve System, particularly in pursuit of its mandate to “promote …stable prices and moderate long-term interest rates,” has been considerably less than satisfactory. A 1950 dollar is worth only 18 cents in 1990, losing 82 percent of its value in 40 years.
(10) changes in the economic behavior of the American people, particularly since World War II, have greatly reduced the ability of the Federal Reserve System to regulate monetary policy.
(11) Federal Reserve System regulators struggle to maintain stability, hampered by conflicting goals and grossly inadequate monetary tools.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
(12) the authority of Congress to issue irredeemable, legal tender paper currency, or to delegate such a power, finds no basis in Article I, § 8, cl. 5 of the United States Constitution, which grants Congress the power “To coin Money, [and] regulate the Value thereof.”
(13) the constitutional power “To borrow Money” found in Article I, § 8, cl. 2 does not authorize Congress to issue “Bills of Credit” or to delegate such a power.
(14) reconstruction of the national banking and monetary system can begin based on the unquestionably constitutional premises that:
(a) Congress has the power and duty to provide the nation with a sound monetary system; and,
(b) Congress has the power to borrow money; and,
(c) Congress has no power or privilege to emit bills of credit, nor to delegate such a power; and,
(d) Congress has the power and duty to protect commerce from irresponsible banking practices.
(15) the reform of the current monetary system as outlined in this Act is necessary to ensure the American people of their unalienable rights to Life, Liberty, and Property, and to provide for them a constitutionally accurate, sound, safe, and honest medium of exchange.
Section 3. Congressional Control Of The United States Monetary System
(A) The monetary system of the United States shall be under the control of Congress.
(B) It shall be administered within the Department of the Treasury of the United States by the Secretary of the Treasury and by other government officers.
Section 4. Provisions For United States Currency
(A) Congress hereby directs the Secretary of the Treasury to authorize the production and immediate distribution of United States Treasury credit-notes, denominated in 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100-token dollar units, in sufficient quantity to replace all outstanding United States legal tender paper currency of every type.
(B) The following characteristics, among others, define the United States Treasury credit-notes:
(1) paper document denominated in token dollars
(2) an obligation of the United States
(3) created by authorization of the United States Congress
(4) issued by the United States Treasury bearing no interest
(5) placed in circulation through voluntary acceptance
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
(6) designed to circulate as money
(7) irredeemable in specie
(8) having exchange value
(9) having limited legal-tender character
(C) Congress hereby declares that, from the date of passage of this Act, United States Treasury creditnotes are legal-tender for all debts-public, private, and personal-where such debts are not explicitly stated and understood by the parties involved to be dischargeable in some other stipulated medium of exchange.
(D) All existing forms of United States legal tender paper currency of whatever type, denominated in dollars and produced on or before the date of passage of this Act, are exchangeable or replaceable at a face value of one for one for the new United States Treasury credit-notes. Federal Reserve Notes, National Bank Notes, and State Bank Notes will no longer be printed.
(E) Congress hereby directs the Secretary of the Treasury to authorize the production of standard silver and gold coins from the following sources:
(1) coinage at the public mints of all government-owned silver and gold bullion except for minimum amounts which may be required under the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 USC 98 et seq.); and, (2) coinage at the public mints of silver and gold bullion acquired on the world market by the Secretary of the Treasury at not more than the then current average world price; and,
(3) unlimited coinage at the national mints of privately owned bullion; and,
(4) encouragement of private coinage.
(F) Congress hereby directs the Secretary of the Treasury, under Article I, § 8, cl. 5 of the United States Constitution, to establish and implement procedures and necessary regulations to encourage each of these sources to its maximum extent.
(G) United States Coinage
(1) The standard unit of the domestic monetary system shall be a lawful United States constitutional silver dollar coin, containing 371 and 1/4 grains of silver, as construed in the United States Constitution and the Coinage Act of 1792. The Secretary of the Treasury shall provide for the minting of 1, 1/2, 1/4, and 1/10-dollar pieces, containing weights of silver in these exact proportions to the standard silver dollar.
(2) The Secretary of the Treasury shall provide for the minting of standard gold coins. A standard gold coin, called the eagle, will contain 1 troy ounce of gold. The Secretary of the Treasury may, by discretion, provide for companion-pieces containing 1/10 troy ounce of gold, the 1/10 eagle; and 1/4 troy ounce of gold, the 1/4 eagle; and 1/2 troy ounce of gold, the 1/2 eagle.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
(3) Despite any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury shall provide for the minting and issuance of standard gold and standard silver coins of the following character: (a) consist of an alloy of – (i) the specified weight of the precious metal; plus (ii) other metal, weighing not more than 1/10 of the total weight of the coin, included to increase the coin durability;
(b) a silver dollar will contain 371 and 1/4 grains of silver, being a minimum of 90 percent silver by weight, with the 1/2, 1/4, and 1/10dollar pieces containing weights of silver in exact proportions to the standard dollar;
(c) an eagle will contain 1 troy ounce of gold, being a minimum of 90 percent gold by weight, with 1/2, 1/4, and 1/10eagle pieces containing weights of gold in exact proportions to the standard eagle;
(d) have a standardized design which remains unchanged for thirty years –
(i) symbolic of Liberty on the obverse side; and
(ii) of an eagle on the reverse side;
(e) have inscriptions –
(i) indicating denomination, such as “One-half Dollar” or “One Eagle”; and
(ii) actual type and weight of precious metal content, such as “371 & 1/4 Grains Silver” or “One Troy Ounce Gold”; and
(iii) “Liberty”; and
(iv) “United States of America”;
(f) are marked –
(i) to identify the mint of origin; and
(ii) with the first year of the decade of minting or issuance;
(g) all standard silver coin will have a twelve-sided polygon design with reeded edges;
(h) all standard gold coin will have a sixteen-sided polygon design with reeded edges;
(4) To compensate for abrasion of the lawful coinage, the “Value” of any particular coin is equal to its actual weight divided by its specified total weight expressed in appropriate terms of dollars or eagles.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
(5) The Secretary of the Treasury shall immediately open the public mints to unlimited coinage of both metals, levying a charge, denominated in treasury credit-note dollars, for seigniorage at the minimum level necessary to fund the mints’ operations.
(6) The Secretary of the Treasury shall determine and publish at least weekly, but more often if he deems necessary, the exchange-ratios between –
(a) a treasury credit-note dollar and a United States standard silver dollar and
(b) a treasury credit-note dollar and a United States eagle,
such ratios being calculated by adding the current average world market price, denominated in treasury credit-note dollars, for the bullion equivalent weight of the standard coin to the mint seigniorage charge to produce a standard coin.
(7) All existing laws or regulations authorizing governmental seizure of precious metals for monetary policy purposes or prohibiting the recovery and use of the bullion content of lawful coins are hereby repealed.
(H) Private Coinage
(1) As part of the duty, under Article I, § 8, cl. 5 of the United States Constitution, to supply the country with an adequate coinage, Congress requires the Secretary of the Treasury to, upon request of United States wholly owned and operated private mints, have prepared and make available at cost, dies for the minting of standard silver and gold coin of the United States.
(2) The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby directed to create, subject to the approval of Congress, the necessary policies, procedures and regulations to ensure that the quality of standard silver and gold coinage produced by private parties equals or exceeds the public standard. Any penalties provided will apply equally to officers of the public mints.
(I) The Secretary of the Treasury may issue silver and gold certificates, denominated in dollars and eagles, respectively.
(1) The silver series shall include 1, 5, and 10-Dollar Silver Certificates of the following character:
(a) They are printed on a distinctive paper of silver color.
(b) They have inscriptions –
(i) “United States of America”; and
(ii) “In God We Trust”; and
(iii) indicating year of issue; and
(iv) indicating denomination, such as “Five Dollar Silver Certificate”; and
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
(v) indicating promise of redemption, such as “The United States Treasury will pay face value to the bearer on demand in standard silver dollar coin.”
(2) The gold series may include 1, 5, and 10-Eagle Certificates of the following character:
(a) They are printed on a distinctive paper of gold color.
(b) They have inscriptions –
(i) “United States of America”; and
(ii) “In God We Trust”; and
(iii) indicating year of issue; and
(iv) indicating denomination, such as “Ten Eagle Certificate”; and
(v) indicating promise of redemption, such as “The United States Treasury will pay face
value to the bearer on demand in standard gold coin.”
(3) These certificates shall represent only standard coined silver and gold actually on deposit with the United States Treasury, or with designated Treasury agents, and must be redeemed on demand.
(4) Any failure to redeem silver certificates or gold certificates issued under the provisions of this Act upon any demand
(i) shall cause an immediate audit by two independent qualified public auditors at the expense of the Treasury and
(ii) will be prima facie cause for the removal of the Secretary of the Treasury.
(J) All accounts of record of all monetary transactions of whatever type, subject to the jurisdiction of the
United States, are hereby required to show the form or forms of currency used. The use of the term “dollar” or the symbol “$” without other qualifiers will designate United States Treasury credit-notes or its subdivisions such as clad token coins and subsidiary token coins of base alloys. The terms “silver dollar,” “silver $,” “dollars silver” or “$ silver” without other qualifiers will designate standard silver dollar coin containing 371 and 1/4 grains of silver and its appropriate subdivisions. The term “eagle”
without other qualifiers will designate standard gold coin containing 1 troy ounce of gold and its appropriate subdivisions.
Section 5. Reformation Of The Federal Reserve System
(A) The Federal Reserve Act of 1913, as amended, is hereby further amended, as per its provisions for the dissolution of and recovery of assets of the Federal Reserve System.
(B) Administration of the Federal Reserve System is hereby vested in the United States Treasury in a new department of the Treasury, hereby established and called the United States Treasury Reserve System or by the short title of Treasury Reserve System.
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(C) A Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System is hereby established and charged with the administration of the Treasury Reserve System, to exercise all powers and duties granted within the provisions of this Act and those powers and duties, some of which are subject to modifications by this Act, previously specifically granted to the Board of Governors and to the Federal Open Market Committee of the Federal Reserve System. This Board will consist of thirteen officers including a
Director of the Board plus one Governor of the Board from each of the existing twelve Federal Reserve Bank Districts, hereafter called United States Treasury Reserve Districts.
(1) All officers of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System will be appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate, the initial selection of all thirteen officers commencing with the passage of this Act and following the guidelines set forth herein. Selection shall be made without discrimination because of race, creed, color, sex, or national origin. No individual who is or has been a Senator or Representative in Congress shall be an officer of
the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System.
(2) The officer who serves as Director of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System:
(a) shall be a United States citizen; and,
(b) shall be selected from the nation at large; and,
(c) shall be a person of tested banking or economic experience; and,
(d) shall receive a salary equivalent in amount to the salary of a member of the United States Senate; and,
(e) shall maintain an office within the District of Columbia; and,
(f) shall have no specific term of office, being replaced at the pleasure of the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(3) Each officer who serves as a Governor on the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System:
(a) shall be a United States citizen; and,
(b) shall have been a resident for at least two years of the Treasury Reserve District which they represent; and,
(c) shall be actively engaged in their Treasury Reserve District in commerce, agriculture, the medical arts, education, industry, services, or consumer or labor affairs; and, (d) shall not at the time of their selection, nor at any time during that period of service, be or have been an officer, director, employee, or a direct stockholder of any bank; and, (e) shall not have held State elected or appointed office; and,
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(f) shall not be an Officer of the Court, a Member of the American Bar Association, nor a practicing Attorney; and,
(g) shall maintain an office within the Treasury Reserve District which they represent; and,
(h) shall receive a salary equivalent to the salary of a member of the United States House of Representatives; and,
(i) shall, on good behavior, serve a minimum term of four years, being replaceable at the pleasure of the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate except that, after initial selection of all thirteen officers, no more than four of the twelve Governors may be replaced in any one four-year period or in any one presidential term of office.
(4) A Lieutenant Governor will be selected for each of the twelve Treasury Reserve District Offices in the same manner and under the same guidelines as are Governors except that, after the initial selection, more than four new selections for that office are permitted in any one presidential term when the purpose of each additional selection is to fill an office which becomes vacant. Each Lieutenant Governor-
(a) shall receive a salary equivalent in amount to 85 percent of the salary of a member of the United States House of Representatives; and, (b) shall assume the powers, responsibilities, duties and salary of the Office of the Treasury
Reserve District Governor upon the resignation or during any period of incapacity of the Governor of the District or in the event that the holder of that office is convicted of a felony.
(5) All officers of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System will receive their written Delegations of Authority from and be sworn into office by the Secretary of the Treasury.
(6) All officers of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System are hereby charged to administer the affairs of the nation’s monetary system with the sole purpose of maintaining a longterm, stable exchange value for United States Treasury credit-notes.
(a) All actions undertaken by the Board will require an affirmative vote, recorded as part of the public record in the District of Columbia Office of the Director of the Board of Governors, by nine of the thirteen officers.
(b) The officers need not be physically present in order to cast their vote.
(D) A Treasury Reserve Account which will be administered at the sole discretion of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System is hereby established.
(E) The Federal Open Market Committee of the existing Federal Reserve System is hereby abolished, its powers and responsibilities being transferred to the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System.
(F) All rights, titles, properties, interests, and every claim of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, of all Federal Reserve Banks, of all member banks, of all Federal Reserve agents, and of all individuals, in and upon the Federal Reserve System is hereby transferred to and vested in the United
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States Government to be held in and administered by the United States Treasury under the Treasury Reserve System.
Section 6. Reformation Of The Federal Reserve Banks
(A) The word “Federal” within the titles of the twelve existing Federal Reserve Banks is hereby changed to “United States Treasury” as “Federal Reserve Bank of New York” becomes “United States Treasury Reserve Bank of New York.”
(B) At the written request of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System, the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby directed to authorize the production of United States Treasury credit-notes for the Treasury Reserve Account in sufficient quantity to complete the exchanges or replacements specified by this Act. On request of the Board of Governors or at the discretion of the Secretary of the Treasury, treasury credit-notes may be produced in any desired denominations larger than $100.00 provided that their use is restricted to the Treasury Reserve Banks, the Treasury Reserve Account, and the General
Account of the United States Treasury.
(C) All securities, notes, bonds or other evidences of indebtedness, whatever the source, type or issue, held by the twelve United States Treasury Reserve Banks shall be delivered to the Office of the Director of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System and exchanged for United States Treasury credit-notes from the Treasury Reserve Account at an equivalent face value of one for one. These creditnotes may be used for the ordinary operating expenses of the Treasury Reserve Banks.
(D) All evidences of indebtedness and obligations of the United States other than United States Treasury credit-notes, whatever the type or issue, received in the Office of the Director of the Treasury Reserve Board of Governors will be delivered to the Secretary of the Treasury whereupon they shall be canceled out of existence.
(E) All United States Treasury Reserve Banks are hereby declared to be Treasury agents. The Secretary of the Treasury shall distribute the standard gold and silver coin of the United States among the twelve Treasury Reserve Banks as it becomes available to the Treasury. Any individual may trade treasury credit-notes for standard gold and silver coin at any Treasury Reserve Bank at the current exchange-ratio on an as available basis.
(F) United States Treasury Reserve Banks shall continue their normal operations under the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency except that they are prohibited from purchasing or holding for their own account income-producing obligations of the United States or those of other nations. This Act does not change their present clearinghouse functions.
(G) The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is hereby directed to revise or create, subject to the provisions of this Act and the approval of Congress, the necessary policies, procedures and regulations to promote the normal operation of the United States Treasury Reserve Banks. Fees charged for clearinghouse functions and other such banking services at all Treasury Reserve Banks will be uniform and approved by the Comptroller of the Currency. Treasury Reserve Banks shall not issue checks against nor otherwise make dispersals from accounts which contain no funds.
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Section 7. Regulation Of Commercial Banks And Other Financial Institutions
(A) All persons and every national banking association holding capital stock in former Federal Reserve
Banks are hereby required to deliver that stock to the Office of the Director of the Board of Governors of
the Treasury Reserve System. A compensation of one-hundred dollars ($100) plus one-half of 1 percent
per month from the period of last dividend, if earned, will be paid from the Treasury Reserve Account in
United States Treasury credit-notes for each share. All stock in former Federal Reserve Banks is hereby
canceled, declared irredeemable 90 days after this Act becomes law.
(B) All securities, notes, bonds or other evidences of indebtedness or obligations of the United States
other than United States Treasury credit-notes, whatever the type or issue, held by any bank subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States, whether as bank reserves or for the banks’ investment account, shall be
delivered to its district’s Treasury Reserve Bank which will forward them to the Office of the Director of
the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System. They will be exchanged at a face value of one
for one, plus earnings, if any, current to the date this Act becomes law, for United States Treasury creditnotes.
The banks may receive compensation on a dollar for dollar basis from their District Treasury
Reserve Bank in treasury credit-notes or as a deposit to a Treasury Reserve Bank account in their name.
(C) Every bank subject to the jurisdiction of the United States is hereby prohibited from purchasing or
holding for their own investment account income-producing obligations of the United States, such as
Treasury bills, bonds, certificates, or notes, or those of other nations. Only United States Treasury creditnotes
will be counted as bank reserves.
(D) No financial institution under the jurisdiction of the United States making commercial loans of
currency for profit may grant a loan to any person, or to members of their immediate family, while that
person is a director, officer or employee of that financial institution nor shall a financial institution grant a
loan to itself.
(E) All financial institutions shall maintain separate accounts of record based on currency type. The form
of currency used in any account of record will determine whether that account is an eagle (gold) account,
a silver dollar account, or a credit-note dollar account. One type of account of record will not be
commingled with another type of account of record. No funds of any type of account will be converted to
funds of another type of account without written authorization of the owner of the funds indicating the
owner’s agreement to a specific exchange-ratio.
(F) All tenders in repayment, which have been previously made or which are made on any secured loans
outstanding on or made after the date of passage of this Act with any financial institution making such
loans on a fractional reserve basis, will be credited to repayment of the loan principal prior to any credits
being applied to any monetization-fee on that loan.
(1) The repayment rate for each loan will be calculated as:
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where:
Rr = repayment rate, $ per $ per month
n = number of equal payments, months
fm = bank monetizing-fee per month, expressed as a decimal
Cf = cost factor for the loan
L = amount of the loan
Mb = base monthly payment
Cb = base cost for the loan
(2) The requirement for bank reserves for the conversion of loans outstanding on the date of passage
of this Act is hereby eliminated.
(3) Compound monetization-fees or charges on monetization-fees earned are prohibited.
(4) A service charge may be imposed by the lender for each tender in payment recorded, retroactively
and on future tenders in payment, provided it does not exceed a total or 25 dollars monthly for any
one loan and the total service charges for any one converted loan do not exceed 50% of the savings to
the borrower.
(5) All new secured loans made on a fractional reserve basis may –
(a) be subject to a maximum origination fee of 50 dollars or 1 percent of the principal loan
amount, whichever is greater; and,
(b) be issued with a prepayment of discount points up to a maximum of 5 percent of the principal
amount of the loan, the allowed maximum being proportionally decreased at the rate of 1 percent
for each 1 percent increase in the loan interest rate above 7 percent.
(G) Commercial banks may open and maintain accounts for their customers in any type of currency if:
(1) the accounts are kept segregated by currency type; and,
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(2) they retain as reserve 100 percent of the deposited standard gold or silver coin or its equivalent in
Treasury gold or silver certificates; and,
(3) all gold and silver accounts are custody accounts only, the ownership of the funds deposited
remaining vested in the depositor; and,
(4) checkable accounts or travelers checks on gold accounts or silver accounts are not allowed;
however, gold or silver funds on deposit may be transferred between like accounts within a bank or
between like accounts of different banks within banking systems by a Lawful Money Bank Transfer
Order properly authorized by the owner of the funds; and,
(5) all credit-note dollar accounts are general warrant deposits; and,
(6) all demand credit-note dollar accounts are custody accounts only; and,
(7) any other type of credit-note dollar account, where the deposited funds are considered loans to the
bank, require written agreement by each depositor acknowledging the loan.
(H) No bank may advertise itself as a “full service bank” if it fails to offer its customers choices of gold
accounts, silver accounts, and treasury credit-note accounts.
(I) In case of a bank failure or closing, regardless of the reason, the holders of gold and silver accounts
will have immediate preferential treatment in the return of their deposits or a settlement of equal value.
(J) The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is hereby directed to revise or create, subject to the
provisions of this Act and the approval of Congress, the necessary policies, procedures and regulations to
regulate the service operations of all banks subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
Section 8. Excise Tax Imposed On Monetization-Fee Or Interest Income
(A) An excise tax is hereby imposed on the monetization-fee or interest income of all financial
institutions or persons, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, who make commercial loans of
currency for profit. The amount of the excise tax is calculated upon the annualized rate of the
monetization-fee or interest:
(1) For loans secured with physical property –
(a) No excise tax imposed on income received at rates less than 5 percent; plus,
(b) An excise tax of 10 percent on the portion of income received at rates between 5 percent and
12 percent; plus,
(c) An excise tax of 20 percent on the portion of income received at rates exceeding 12 percent.
(2) For unsecured loans –
(a) No excise tax imposed on income received at rates less than 10 percent; plus,
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(b) An excise tax of 20 percent on the portion of income received at rates between 10 percent and
20 percent; plus,
(c) An excise tax of 40 percent on the portion of income received at rates exceeding 20 percent.
(B) The excise taxes hereby imposed will be deposited within three working days of receipt of that
income with any authorized federal depository which will transfer these funds to the Treasury Reserve
Account.
Section 9. Regulation Of The Exchange Value Of Treasury Credit-Notes
(A) The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency will establish a method for calculating and publish at
least weekly a United States Treasury Credit-Note Exchange-Value Index which will track the exchange
value of treasury credit-notes against a composite list of not less than 12 nor more than 24 commonly
traded items, including labor rates, rents, cost of professional services and basic commodities, excluding
gold and silver. The initial list will be prepared by the Comptroller of the Currency with the approval of
Congress and, once approved, will not be changed more than once in any five-year period and then only
with the consent of Congress. The exact method used for calculating the Treasury Credit-Note Exchange-
Value Index will remain fixed and will be published as part of the public record. The initial value of the
Treasury Credit-Note Exchange-Value Index will be set at 100.000 as of the date this Act becomes law.
(B) The Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System will administer the affairs of the nation’s
monetary system by adjusting the aggregate amount of the nation’s currency and credit to maintain the
Treasury Credit-Note Exchange-Value Index within a range of 97 percent to 103 percent of its initial
value by using four primary regulation tools:
(1) By setting the percentage of reserves required of the commercial banks. Commercial banks will
not be penalized should their reserves fall below the percentage required provided –
(a) the bank grants no new loans for 90 days after any day on which its reserves were below the
requirement; and,
(b) the bank does not call for immediate repayment of any outstanding loans which are
performing within normal limits; and,
(c) the reserves of a commercial bank do not fall below 50 percent of the reserve requirement, at
which point the bank would be declared insolvent.
(2) By setting the national discount interest rate, the interest rate at which commercial banks borrow
funds from Treasury Reserve Banks.
(a) Commercial banks may obtain loans from their district Treasury Reserve Bank at the national
discount interest rate in exchange for their best acceptable commercial paper.
(b) District Treasury Reserve Banks may obtain funds for these loans from the Treasury Reserve
Account, paying that account one-half of the interest income earned as a fee for using these funds.
(3) By purchasing income-producing United States Treasury obligations in the open market.
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(4) And by impounding funds within the Treasury Reserve Account or by transferring funds from the
Treasury Reserve Account to the General Account of the United States Treasury or by depositing
funds with commercial banks. All funds within the Treasury Reserve Account are maintained
separately from all other United States Treasury funds and may not be transferred, appropriated or
expended by the United States Treasury except at the sole discretion of the Board of Governors of the
Treasury Reserve System.
Section 10. Authorization For Limited Bank Charters
(A) Currently operating financial institutions such as credit unions may obtain charters as limited national
banks to operate on a fractional reserve basis to grant loans within the local community if they –
(1) apply to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency; and,
(2) meet the financial requirements imposed on commercial banks and the necessary policies,
procedures and regulations imposed by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency; and,
(3) have a paid-up capital of at least five million dollars; and,
(4) grant, under these limited operating provisions, only loans secured by physical property.
(B) To meet the provisions of this section and to increase efficiency, several financial institutions located
within a Treasury Reserve District may, at their request, be combined into a single organization or they
may be allowed to operate in partnership with an existing bank.
Section 11. Regulation Of Postal Money Orders
(A) To meet the currency provisions of this Act, postal money orders will hereafter be issued in three
types denominated in –
(1) silver dollars in the standard currency units of 1, 1/2, 1/4, and 1/10 dollar, each with an aggregate
maximum limit of 1,000 silver dollars; and,
(2) eagles in integer units, no fraction of an eagle being allowed, each with a maximum limit of 10
eagles; and,
(3) any appropriate amount of treasury credit-note dollars with a maximum limit of 1,000 dollars
each.
(B) Postal money order blanks shall have distinctive color and markings for each of the three types of
standard currency, those to be denominated in standard silver or gold coin being similar in appearance to
their respective silver certificates and gold certificates.
(C) Postal money orders shall be issued only for the type and amount of currency actually tendered.
(D) The fee for issuing any postal money order shall be one dollar.
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(E) Except in unusual circumstances, postal money orders shall be redeemable in the designated currency
at any United States Post Office within the jurisdiction of the United States within three working days of
their submittal for exchange.
Section 12. Crime Defined And Punishment Established
(A) Any person convicted of willfully violating the monetary and fiscal responsibility provisions of this
Act resulting in aggregate losses exceeding 5,000 dollars in any 12-month period shall be deemed guilty
of a felony and shall be subject, on each conviction, to a fine not exceeding 5,000 dollars, or a term of
imprisonment of not more than 5 years, or both.
(B) Any person convicted of any willful violation of this Act that results in the production or circulation
of substandard silver or gold coin shall be deemed guilty of a felony and shall be subject on each
conviction to a fine not exceeding 10,000 dollars, or a term of imprisonment of not more than 20 years, or
both.
(C) Any person providing information leading to the conviction of one or more individuals for the
violation of any provisions of this Act shall be paid from the United States Treasury the sum of 10 eagles.
(D) Any person who is not paid from the United States Treasury lawful money on demand for United
States Silver Certificates or for United States Eagle Certificates according to the provisions of this Act
shall be paid from the Treasury the sum of 5 eagles.
Section 13. All Inconsistent Acts Repealed
(A) All Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent with the provisions of this part are hereby repealed.
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Part II. National Sales and Use Tax
Section 1. Definitions
Definitions for terms used in this part are equivalent to those of the United States Constitution or are
explicitly stipulated below.
Business: Includes all activities engaged in or caused to be engaged in with the object of gain, benefit or
advantage, direct or indirect.
Buyer: Purchaser
Charitable organization: Any entity organized and operated exclusively for charitable, philosophical,
scientific, testing for public safety, literary or educational purposes, or to foster national or international
amateur sports competition, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, provided that no part
of the entity’s net earnings goes to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.
Coin: Monetized bullion or other forms of money manufactured from gold, silver, platinum, palladium,
or other metals now or in the future and used as a medium of exchange in the United States or in any
foreign nation.
Commerce: Any kind or type of exchange of goods, productions, or property, or the rights to property
offered for a consideration to the general public at large.
Contrived Sale: A commercial transaction executed in an extraordinary manner for the purpose of
evading the national sales and use tax otherwise due.
Groceries: Food or drink advertised or marketed for human consumption and sold in the same form,
condition, quantities, and packaging as is commonly sold by grocers, such as: cereals and cereal products;
milk and milk products; meats and meat products; fish and fish products; eggs and egg products;
vegetables and vegetable products; fruits and fruit products; sugars, sugar products and sugar substitutes;
coffees and coffee substitutes; teas, cocoa and cocoa products, carbonated and non-carbonated soft
(nonalcoholic) drinks; spices, condiments and salt; or any combinations of food products or food product
substitutes, whether sold prepared or unprepared. The term does not encompass chewing gum, cocktail
mixes, alcoholic drinks, proprietary medicines, lozenges, tonics, ice, vitamins and other dietary
supplements, or food or food products not for human consumption such as pet food. Nor does it
encompass food or drink served or furnished in or by cafes, restaurants, lunch counters, cafeterias,
delicatessens, hotels, drugstores, social clubs, nightclubs, cabarets, resorts, snack bars, caterers, carryout
shops, and other like places of business, whether fixed or mobile, such as pushcarts, motor vehicles or
other mobile facilities, at which prepared food or drink is regularly sold; nor food or drink vended by
machines for a vendor; nor food or drink furnished, prepared, or served for consumption on or near the
premises of the retailer although such food or drink is sold on a “take out” or “to go” order and is bagged,
packaged, or wrapped and taken from the premises of the retailer.
Manufacture: The operation of producing a new product, article, substance, or commodity different from
and having a distinctive name, character, or use from its constitute raw or prepared materials.
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Person: Any individual, firm, partnership, joint adventure, corporation, estate, or trust, or any group or
combination acting as a unit, but not a governmental unit, and the plural as well as the singular number.
Personal property: Exclusive individual ownership of private property.
Precious metal bullion: Any refined precious metal, such as gold, silver, platinum, and palladium, which
is in a state or condition where its value depends primarily upon its precious metal content and not its
form.
Primary sales of commercial securities: The original sale or transfer of a commercial security for the
exclusive benefit of the issuer.
Private property: Everything subject to ownership, not denominated as real estate; a person’s right or
interest in things, either corporeal, meaning moveable and tangible things such as animals, furniture,
merchandise, etc., or incorporeal, meaning rights to intangible things such as name, image, endorsements,
annuities, stocks, shares, patents, copyrights, etc.
Profit: A benefit, advantage or gain, particularly a pecuniary gain of excess returns over expenditures,
accruing to an owner through the use or exchange of their property, or their rights to property, other than
an individual’s personal labor, barter or trade.
Property: Everything that is the subject of ownership, corporeal or incorporeal, tangible or intangible,
visible or invisible, real, private or personal.
Property rights: Any type of right to specific property.
Purchase: The transfer of property or property rights from one person to another by voluntary act or
agreement in exchange for a valuable consideration.
Purchase price: The cost or consideration paid by the purchaser, exclusive of any direct tax imposed by
territorial, state, or local government and exclusive of the national sales and use tax.
Purchaser: Person who acquires property or rights to property in commerce for a valuable consideration;
buyer; vendee.
Real estate: Land and those things erected or growing upon it, such as buildings, fences or crops. The
term embraces items such as light, plumbing and heating fixtures when permanently attached.
Retailer: Person doing a retail business, known to the trade and public as such, and selling in commerce
to any user or consumer; also called vendor or seller.
Retail sale: All sales other than wholesale sales.
Sale: The commercial exchange of property or property rights for money, for other property or property
rights, or for a consideration, either immediate or over a period of time, as in an installment or credit
transaction, rent or lease. The term does not include gifts to immediate family members; nor does it
encompass transfers of assets among persons holding ownership interests in those assets providing such
transfers are in direct proportion to their interest in either settlement or rearrangement of those interests-
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such as: the transfer of assets between a partner and a partnership in the formation or dissolution of the
partnership; the transfer of assets between a shareholder and a corporation in the formation or dissolution
of the corporation; the transfer of assets between parent and subsidiary corporations; or the repossession
of private property or property rights by a person with an ownership interest-and the purpose of such
transfers is merely an exchange of assets, not to avoid the national sales and use tax otherwise due.
School: Any institution or person offering training or educational services to the public.
Secondary sales of commercial securities: Any sale or transfer of a commercial security other than its
primary sale or transfer, regardless of the number of times that the security has been sold or transferred.
Redemption of a bond by the initial issuer is not a sale.
Seller: Any person who transfers property or property rights by sale in commerce; a merchant, a retail
dealer, a supplier, a retailer, a vendor; one who offers a service or buys to sell.
Tangible private property: Corporeal private property.
Tax: Either a tax payable by the purchaser of property or of rights to property subject to taxation, or an
aggregate amount of taxes due from the taxpayer, as the context may require.
Taxpayer: Any person obligated to account to the National Tax Service for taxes payable, to be
collected, collected, or due.
Vendee: Purchaser
Vendor: Seller
Wholesale sale: A sale by manufacturers, producers or wholesalers to retail merchants, jobbers, dealers,
or other manufacturers, producers or wholesalers for ultimate resale but not sales made to users or
consumers not for resale, even when made by or to a recognized manufacturer, producer or wholesaler,
the latter sales being deemed retail sales.
Wholesaler: Person doing regularly organized wholesale or jobbing business, known to the trade as such
and selling to retail merchants, jobbers, dealers, or other wholesalers for resale.
Section 2. Findings
The Congress finds that –
(1) contrary to popularly held belief, the progressive income tax is actually regressive because it is often
easily passed through as a hidden tax in the price of goods and services.
(2) the progressive income tax falls most heavily and unfairly on working middleclass citizens who pay
the tax twice, once when it is withheld from their wages and again as a hidden tax in the price of essential
goods and services.
(3) a progressive income tax is counterproductive in that it discourages industry and productive activity.
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(4) taxes based on personal income reduce or eliminate the incentive for recipients of government aid to
become productive citizens.
(5) shifting taxes from productive activity to consumption will encourage the former and discourage the
latter.
(6) individuals of modest means can be protected from the adverse effects of federal taxation by removal
of the hidden elements of current tax policies on productive activity and by exempting groceries, rent,
insurance, medicines, and some categories of previously used articles from consumption taxes.
(7) compensation is required for individuals receiving fixed income payments such as SS and retirement
benefits from the federal government for paying the current national sales and use taxes after having paid
income taxes in prior years.
(8) an income tax, being essentially a uniformly imposed annual tax, provides only a poor means for the
regulation of commerce.
(9) the very nature of the income tax, being administered as a commercial code rather than as positive
law, invites constant congressional lobbying by powerful special interest groups for tax provisions that
benefit themselves, often at the expense of others less able to influence legislation.
(10) to remain constitutional, the current income tax system, as applied to individuals, relies on voluntary
compliance for its success.
(11) voluntary compliance with the federal income tax system is steadily decreasing, the number of nonfilers
currently estimated at ten million, making the system increasingly non-enforceable.
(12) a huge “underground” and thus untaxed economy is depriving the government of billions of dollars
of revenue annually.
(13) the reform of the current federal income tax system, as outlined in this Act, is necessary to eliminate
its counterproductive and abusive aspects, to promote social welfare through a more equitable distribution
of the national tax burden, and to improve regulation of the national commerce, all for the benefit of the
American people.
Section 3. Federal Income Tax Abolished
(A) All federal income taxes, regardless of their nature and regardless of the nature of the entity taxed,
with the exception of Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid payroll taxes, are hereby abolished as of 12
o’clock midnight on the date this Act becomes law.
(B) All federal income tax liabilities that were contractually created to become due and payable at some
unspecified future date, such as those involving property transfers or individual retirement accounts,
which are not due and payable as of the date this Act becomes law, are hereby abolished.
(C) All federal income tax liabilities that were due and payable on or before their abolition remain due
and payable.
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Section 4. Revision Of The Internal Revenue Service
(A) The Secretary of the Treasury shall reorganize the Internal Revenue Service, which shall hereafter be
known as the National Tax Service, to administer the collection of the national sales and use tax.
(B) The National Tax Service shall be structured by Regions and Districts, with Regions being defined by
recognized state and territory boundaries, and Districts being defined by federal Congressional districts;
with appropriate Delegations of Authority issued annually to a National Executive Director, to each
Regional Executive Director and to each District Director.
(C) The Secretary of the Treasury shall supervise the organization of the National Tax Service, creating
such rules, regulations and procedures as are consistent with law and as are required to secure the efficient
collection of the national sales and use tax.
(D) The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby charged to structure the National Tax Service and to organize
its rules, regulations and procedures to make the system as paperless as possible and to take maximum
advantage of state sales and use tax systems.
(E) The functions of the existing Internal Revenue Service shall remain in place and continue operation,
concurrent with the new National Tax Service, for one year from the date on which the income tax is
abolished, to complete and close the books on all income tax liabilities that were due and payable on or
before the date of their abolishment. Outstanding income tax liabilities that cannot be cost-effectively
collected within this period will be discharged by writing them off as uncollectible.
(F) The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to expend the additional money necessary to
accomplish the objectives set forth herein, these added expenditures not to exceed in amount the actual
expenditures for federal revenue collection in the previous year.
Section 5. National Sales And Use Tax Imposed
(A) There is hereby levied, and there shall be collected and paid, a tax of 14 percent upon the
consideration or the purchase price paid or the fair market value of the retail sale or use of all property or
rights to property or the conversion of taxable property or services to private or personal use and upon all
secondary sales of commercial investment securities of whatever type, both domestic and foreign, and
upon all sales of commercial enterprises and business investments, in whole or in part, both domestic and
foreign, exchanged in commerce by any person within the jurisdiction of the United States of America,
excepting those items specifically excluded from this national sales and use tax by Act of Congress.
(B) There is hereby levied, and there shall be collected and paid upon gaming activities and services by
the gaming sponsor, a tax of 8 percent of the gross gaming receipts less total gaming payoffs to chance
purchasers and government entities or sponsors, when acting in their governmental capacities only.
(C) Exemptions:
(1) All sales to the United States government, to its departments and institutions, and to its political
subdivisions, when acting in their governmental capacities only;
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(2) All sales of licenses, permits, passports, visas and all charges for public services or user fees made
by the United States government or the governments of the States or Territories of the United States
and their political subdivisions, when acting in their governmental capacities only;
(3) All sales of precious metal bullion, coins, and currency;
(4) All sales made to or by charitable organizations in the conduct of their regular activities or
charitable functions and where their sales are not for profit and are not unduly competitive with sales
made by others subject to the tax;
(5) All sales made to or by nonprofit schools where the items purchased or sold by the school are not
for pecuniary gain, are required for normal rather than extraordinary operation, and where all sales
made to the public-such as books sold at a school-operated book store or tickets to public events or
food service at school-operated cafeterias, snack bars, or student unions-remain taxable;
(6) All sales of drugs dispensed by prescription; of all corrective eyeglasses, contact lenses, or hearing
aids; of all therapeutic agents, devices, appliances, or their related accessories or materials when
furnished, prescribed or recommended by any licensed practitioner of the medical arts for the
treatment or relief of any human impairment or disability; and all compensation or fees paid to
licensed practitioners of the medical arts for their professional services;
(7) All sales in the nature of rents or leases of real estate for which a written agreement exists
providing for the exclusive use by any person for any continuous period of not less than sixty
consecutive days;
(8) All sales of groceries;
(9) All sales of plants, livestock and fish customarily used in the production of food for human
consumption; embraces-all sales of meat cattle, sheep, lambs, poultry, swine, and goats; all sales of
livestock for breeding purposes; all sales of live fish for stocking purposes; all sales of feed for
livestock; all sales of seeds, orchard trees or other plants for food production;
(10) Incidental or occasional sales, not exceeding three events per year, of used tangible private
property where the primary motive for the transaction is trade rather than profit through commerce
and where the transactions are made through use of “want ads” or as a part of a “yard” or “garage”
sale;
(11) Incidental or occasional sales for the purpose of recycling materials;
(12) Fifty percent of the purchase price paid for the retail sale of all used tangible property exchanged
in commerce, excluding remanufactured items sold with warranties exceeding 90 days;
(13) All primary sales of commercial securities and 90% of the current purchase price on options to
purchase primary commercial securities, the tax being due and payable with the acceptance of the
option, whether or not the option to purchase is ever exercised;
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(14) Ninety percent of the purchase price paid for all secondary sales of commercial investment
securities of whatever type, excluding the transferable securities of the United States government and
all its political subdivisions which are exempt from the tax;
(15) All sales of insurance or surety bonds;
(16) Meals provided by employers to employees at their places of employment at no charge or at
reduced charges which are considered as partial compensation for their labor;
(17) The identified and segregated labor portion of written retail contracts, such as professional
service, construction, maintenance and service industry contracts;
(18) Real estate transactions to the extent that the national sales tax has been paid, or would have been
paid had this Act been in force, coincidental with the previous retail transaction or for transactions in
progress when this Act becomes law;
(19) All sales of printed matter of a periodical nature, such as newspapers, magazines, news letters,
directories and sales catalogs that are nonprofit in nature or whose primary purpose is to promote
sales subject to the national sales and use tax or to carry paid advertisements subject to that tax.
(20) Compensation paid for celebrity endorsements to the extent that they are personally promoting or
autographing their own products or talents but not personal endorsements or reproduced stamped or
printed autographs on other commercial products.
(21) Compensation paid for the domestic sale, use or licensing of patents, copyrights, or processes in
domestic production but not foreign sales.
(22) Any premiums, benefits, or alternate currencies, for example, “coupons” or a “free” airline ticket
based on “frequent flyer miles,” derived from taxable transactions in commerce upon which the
imposed tax was collected and whose primary purpose was to promote those taxable commercial
transactions.
Section 6. Liability For And Disposition Of The National Sales And Use Tax
(A) Every seller dealing in commerce shall be liable and responsible for collecting the national sales and
use tax lawfully due and remitting it to the National Tax Service. Purchasers are liable for payment of the
tax to the seller. The tax upon a credit sale of moveable property is due and payable in full at the time of
the sale. The tax upon a credit sale or a contract for sale of immovable property where the purchase price
is paid in installments is due and payable on each installment payment. If any seller transfers, sells,
assigns, or otherwise disposes of an account receivable, they shall be deemed to have received the full
balance of the consideration of the original sale and shall be liable for the remittance of the tax on the
balance of the total sale price not previously reported.
(B) The national sales and use tax is to be collected by the seller from the purchaser only at the retail, end
or final transaction and not from wholesalers, or from intermediate sales of items directly used for or
incorporated into the manufacture of a product to be ultimately sold at retail, or from sales made to
exempt entities such as those made by contractors or subcontractors to the United States government, to
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its departments and institutions and its political subdivisions when acting in their governmental capacities
only, or sales made to qualified exempt organizations.
(C) There is no limit to the number of times a particular article may be subject to the national sales or use
tax. Each time it returns to the stream of commerce, the purchaser must pay and the seller collect and
remit the tax unless the sale is exempt.
(D) The burden of proving that any particular person is liable for payment, collection or remittance of the
national sales and use tax shall be on the National Tax Service.
(E) Tax payments made by a purchaser to a seller and documented by written receipts or certificates
amount to payments by the purchaser to the National Tax Service, discharging their tax liability.
(F) In case of a dispute between the purchaser and seller about whether any particular sale is exempt from
the national sales and use tax, the seller shall collect and the purchaser shall pay such tax and the seller
shall then issue to the purchaser a receipt or certificate showing the name of the seller and the purchaser,
the item or items purchased, the date, price, amount of tax paid, and a brief statement of the claim of
exemption. The purchaser may then apply, within sixty days of the date of the sale, to the District
Director of the National Tax Service of the district in which the purchaser resides or in which the sale was
made for a refund of taxes paid. It is the duty of the District Director, or a duly qualified deputy, to
resolve the question of exemption and to provide written notice of such determination and the appropriate
refund plus interest calculated at the rate of 12 percent annually, where applicable, to the purchaser within
sixty days of the date of the application for refund, subject to review within one year by a court of
competent jurisdiction.
(G) Excess national sales and use tax inadvertently collected must be remitted to the National Tax Service
when not refundable.
(H) Credit Certificates equal to 10 percent of any contribution valued at $250 or more made to qualified
charitable organizations shall be issued by the National Tax Service if the charitable organization is
recognized by the National Tax Service, if it applies for the Credit Certificate in the donor’s name, and if
it submits proof of the contribution with each application. These certificates are applicable to any national
sales and use tax liability.
(I) Remittances discharging a seller’s national sales and use tax liability shall be made in full to the
National Tax Service at any authorized federal depository on or before the tenth day of each month for all
taxable transactions occurring during the previous month. Any seller doing business in two or more
locations which are in different districts may elect to make consolidated deposits and file consolidated
reports in a single district.
(J) Summary documentation, also called a return or report, of monthly tax remittances may be submitted
(postmarked) to the District Director of the National Tax Service of the district in which a tax deposit was
made not less than five working days after the tax due date.
(K) Each seller who, acting as agent for the National Tax Service, submits timely summary
documentation for remitted tax is allowed to deduct 1 percent of tax deposits timely made to offset their
expense in its collection and remittance. They shall also be subject to a penalty of 2.5 percent per month,
cumulative each month to a maximum of 15 percent, for late deposits. Besides the penalty, late deposits
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shall be subject to interest charges at the rate of 1 percent per month. Inadvertent clerical errors are
subject to interest but not penalty charges.
(L) Credit Certificates issued by the National Tax Service are transferable in commerce and shall be
accepted for tax payments at full face value at authorized federal depositories or may be remitted for tax
liabilities with the summary documentation.
(M) Any seller dealing in commerce who sells their business, or stock of goods, or quits business, shall be
liable to file a final return with the National Tax Service within thirty days of such action. The seller’s
successor in the business, if any, becomes liable for the collection and remittance of taxes on future sales
and for taxes due and not remitted on current sales, unless they hold a receipt or certificate showing that
the taxes were paid.
(N) In cases of unusual circumstance, such as a natural disaster or a personal hardship, penalty or interest
charges or any portion thereof on late deposits may be waived by a District Director of the National Tax
Service or by Executive Order of the President of the United States.
(O) Certificates of National Sales and Use Tax Exemption, identified by number and valid for twelve
months, shall be issued to qualified and approved purchasers or sellers within sixty days of the application
date made to a District Director of the National Tax Service. The District Director shall provide forms for
such application and for the certificates and shall have the authority to verify that the purchaser or seller
is, in fact, entitled to exempt status.
(P) Sellers who make sales exempt from the national sales and use tax with valid exemption certificates
issued by the National Tax Service, except those made to the United States government, are required to
maintain records of such sales by item, date of sale and exemption certificate number for two years from
the date of the sale. Sellers may, at their option, provide an itemized summary report to the National Tax
Service of their exemption certificate sales on the same basis as if the sales had been subject to the tax.
Each reporting seller making timely reports shall receive a Credit Certificate applicable to national sales
tax liabilities equal to 0.15 percent of the total amount of exempt sales reported, except those made to the
United States government, to cover the expense in the collection of data and the submission of the
itemized summary report.
(Q) Fifteen percent of the total amount of monies collected by the National Tax Service each month shall
be immediately deposited to the Treasury Reserve Account and may not be transferred, appropriated or
expended by the United States Treasury without authorization of the Board of Governors of the Treasury
Reserve System.
(R) All secondary sales of commercial investment securities of whatever type, both domestic and foreign,
and all sales of commercial enterprises and business investments, in whole or in part, both domestic and
foreign, made by foreign persons not subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to purchasers subject
to the jurisdiction of the United States, whether resident of the United States or of a foreign nation, shall
be made through an independent broker approved by the National Tax Service. The independent broker
shall be liable and responsible for collecting the national sales and use tax lawfully due and remitting it to
the National Tax Service.
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Section 7. Compensation For Tax Policy Changes
(A) Fixed income payments from the federal government to individuals receiving Social Security or
retirement benefits shall be increased by 4.2%, limited to $300 per year, as compensation for paying the
current national sales and use taxes after having paid income taxes in prior years.
(B) To prevent double compensation for high income recipients with full Cost of Living Adjustments
(COLA) protection, as mandated by the government or by private labor contracts, the new national sales
and use taxes are hereby excluding from the calculations of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) which is
used to calculate the Cost of Living Adjustments (COLA).
Section 8. Recovery Of Taxes, Penalty, And Interest
(A) All sums of money imposed by the national sales and use tax and paid by a purchaser to a seller shall
be and remain public money, the property of the United States Treasury, and the seller shall hold the same
in trust for the sole use and benefit of the national government until deposited at an authorized federal
depository.
(B) If a person neglects or refuses to pay, collect or remit the national sales and use tax as required, a duly
qualified Officer of the National Tax Service shall make an assessment, based upon such information as
may be available, of the amount of taxes due for the period for which the taxpayer is alleged delinquent
and shall add thereto the appropriate penalty and interest on such delinquent taxes and shall within ten
days of the date of the determination deliver a written Assessment / Preliminary Notice of Deficiency of
the estimated taxes, penalty and interest to the alleged delinquent taxpayer by first-class certified mail to
their last known address on file with the National Tax Service.
(1) The Assessment / Preliminary Notice of Deficiency shall indicate and include:
(a) the name of the alleged taxpayer,
(b) their last known address on file with the National Tax Service,
(c) the date of the Assessment / Preliminary Notice of Deficiency,
(d) a statement about the alleged taxable activity upon which the alleged tax is due,
(e) the amount of the tax and the date on which it was due,
(f) any penalties and interest due and the date of the accrual thereof.
(C) An alleged delinquent taxpayer may, within thirty days of receiving an Assessment / Preliminary
Notice of Deficiency, request a hearing with a duly appointed Officer of the National Tax Service to
review the facts of the case.
(1) The hearing, when requested, shall be held within thirty days of the request date.
(2) The District Director, or a duly qualified deputy, shall, within ninety days of the date of an
Assessment / Preliminary Notice of Deficiency, review the facts of the case, including the records of
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any hearing(s) held, and shall make a Preliminary Determination based upon the best available
information.
(3) Written notice of the Preliminary Determination shall be delivered to each person receiving an
Assessment / Preliminary Notice of Deficiency by first-class certified mail to their last known address
on file with the National Tax Service. A Preliminary Determination may dismiss the Assessment /
Preliminary Notice of Deficiency, or may revise and reissue an Assessment / Preliminary Notice of
Deficiency, or may issue a Final Notice of Deficiency.
(4) A Final Notice of Deficiency shall indicate and include:
(a) the name of the taxpayer,
(b) their last known address on file with the National Tax Service,
(c) the date of the Final Notice of Deficiency,
(d) the amount of the tax and the date on which it was due,
(e) any penalties and interest due and the date of the accrual thereof, and
(f) a notice of lien that the National Tax Service claims a first and prior lien on the taxpayer’s
business property as provided by law.
(D) A person receiving a valid Final Notice of Deficiency from a District Office of the National Tax
Service may, within thirty days of receiving such notice, challenge the notice by:
(1) remitting the amount of the alleged tax, including any penalties and interest, and filing a written
appeal for refund stating the pertinent facts of the case and the reason(s) for the refund request with
the Regional Executive Director of the National Tax Service, or;
(2) posting a third-party surety or a cash bond for the alleged tax, excluding any penalties and interest,
with the National Tax Service and filing suit for relief with a court of competent jurisdiction, or;
(3) claiming inability to post bond or inability to pay the tax, penalty or interest without suffering
undue damage and petitioning a court of competent jurisdiction for a review of the facts in the case
and, at the court’s discretion, immediate dismissal of all or any part of the alleged liability.
(E) The Regional Executive Director, or a qualified deputy, shall, within sixty days of the date of an
appeal for refund of taxes paid under a Final Notice of Deficiency, review the appeal and issue a Final
Determination. No penalties shall accrue after the date of filing this appeal. A Final Determination shall
either affirm, revise or dismiss the Final Notice of Deficiency. Revisions or dismissals in favor of the
applicant shall be accompanied with an applicable refund of excessive monies paid, if any, plus the
interest due on such monies calculated at the rate of 12 percent annually. The issuance of a Final
Determination by the National Tax Service, whether or not accompanied by a refund, shall not be
construed to prohibit any person from seeking relief for damages from courts of competent jurisdiction.
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(F) Taxpayers who are successful in obtaining relief, including partial relief, in courts of competent
jurisdiction from false allegations of national sales and use taxes owed shall be awarded by the court
monies equal to the sum of their legal fees plus twice the amount of tax relief ordered by the court.
Taxpayers who are unsuccessful in obtaining relief in courts of competent jurisdiction from allegations of
national sales and use taxes owed shall be subject, at the court’s discretion, to the payment of court costs,
of all legal fees, and, in cases where surety rather than cash bonds were posted with the National Tax
Service, the accrued amount, as of the date of the court’s decision, of penalties and interest on taxes owed.
(G) The National Tax Service may treat any taxes, penalties and interest shown on an unchallenged Final
Notice of Deficiency that is more than sixty days old as a debt due the National Tax Service. The District
Director, or a duly qualified deputy, may issue a Notice of Levy against the business goods and business
fixtures of any seller dealing in commerce, said Notice of Levy being delivered by registered mail to the
seller at the seller’s last known address or posted at the seller’s place of business. A Notice of Levy shall
indicate:
(1) the name of the taxpayer,
(2) their last known address on file with the National Tax Service,
(3) the date of the Notice of Levy,
(4) the amount of the tax and the date on which it was due,
(5) any penalties and interest due and the date of their accrual.
(H) In an attempt to settle the alleged tax debt expressed in a Final Notice of Deficiency, ten days after
the delivery or posting of a valid Notice of Levy, the District Director, or a duly qualified deputy, may file
a certified copy of the Notice of Levy with any appropriate local Clerk’s or Recorder’s Office.
(1) Collection of any alleged tax debt by levy may not proceed until a warrant for distraint is issued
by a court of competent jurisdiction. A warrant of distraint may be issued only upon presentment of
facts to create probable cause and supported by a sworn or affirmed oath. The presentment of facts
and oath shall become part of the record against the alleged taxpayer.
(2) Upon issuing a warrant of distraint the District Director, or a duly qualified deputy, may request
the Attorney General or any District Attorney to commence action for recovery of taxes, penalty and
interest due, or may issue a warrant directed to the local Sheriff or to the chief law enforcement
officer of any political subdivision of the States or Territories of the United States, authorizing the
Officer, as provided by law and subject to the additional limitations listed herein, to levy upon, seize
and sell sufficient business goods and business fixtures of the seller as may be found within the
Officer’s jurisdiction. Local Sheriffs or chief law enforcement officers shall be entitled, for the
execution of valid warrants, to such fees as are allowed by law for similar services.
(I) The national sales and use tax shall be a first and prior lien upon the business accounts, business
goods, and business fixtures of any seller dealing in commerce, excepting any stock of perishable goods
sold or for sale in the ordinary course of business, and shall take precedence, except as otherwise
provided herein, on all such business property over other liens or claims of whatsoever kind or nature.
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(1) No notice of lien shall be filed without proper certification. Certification shall indicate and
include:
(a) that an Assessment / Preliminary Notice of Deficiency was properly issued,
(b) that a hearing was held within 30 days or that a hearing was not requested,
(c) that the District Director reviewed the facts within 90 days of the hearing,
(d) that a Preliminary Determination was issued,
(e) that a Final Notice of Deficiency was issued.
(J) The remedies of liens, levies and of garnishment against personal property not used in business shall
not apply to the collection of assessed national sales and use taxes, or to penalties and interest imposed
thereon, if such property can be reasonably identified as not being used in business, nor shall such
collection action be taken against the stockholders of a corporation, other than the responsible officers,
nor against the partners of a partnership, other than the general partner or the responsible officers of the
partnership.
(K) The real or personal property of an innocent third party owner who has made a bona fide lease to a
seller dealing in commerce shall be exempt from tax levies and liens against that seller if such property
can be reasonably identified from the lease description and that the lessee has no present or future
ownership rights to the property listed.
(L) The national sales and use tax for any period, including any associated interest and penalties, shall not
be assessed, nor shall any Notice of Levy be issued, or warrant for collection issued, or suit for collection
begin, nor any other action to collect the same be commenced more than two years after the date on which
the tax was payable or due.
(1) No collection action of any kind, other than suits in courts of competent jurisdiction, shall
continue more than three years after the date on which the tax was due.
(2) A Notice of Levy, even when valid and properly filed, is automatically invalid three years after
the date when the taxes indicated were due.
(3) Before the period of limitation expires, the taxpayer and the District Director, or a duly qualified
deputy, may agree in writing to an Offer in Compromise in partial settlement of taxes due or to an
extension of the limitation for a specified period, and that period may be subsequently similarly
extended.
(M) All liabilities for the national sales and use tax plus any imposed penalties and interest are
immediately dischargeable in an action of bankruptcy by a court of competent jurisdiction.
Section 9. Crime Defined And Punishment Established
(A) It is unlawful for any seller to suggest in any way, directly or indirectly, that the national sales or use
tax imposed on any subject transaction will be assumed or absorbed by the seller, or that it will not be
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added to or included within the purchase price, or that if added to or included within the purchase price it,
or any part of it, will be refunded. Any seller convicted within three years of the date of this offense shall
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject upon each conviction to a fine of not more than
one thousand dollars, or a term of imprisonment of not more than six months, or both.
(B) Any person knowingly participating in one or more sales taxable under this Act and willfully failing
to pay or to collect and remit the tax, or collecting and willfully failing to remit the tax to the National
Tax Service, or of participating in a contrived sale, or conspiring to evade the tax, even when the tax is
disputed, where the cumulative amount of the tax in any consecutive twelve-month period, excluding
interest and penalties, equals more than one hundred dollars but less than one thousand dollars, shall, if
convicted within three years of the offense, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject upon
each conviction to a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or a term of imprisonment of not more
than six months, or both.
(C) Any person knowingly participating in one or more sales taxable under this Act and willfully failing
to pay or to collect and remit the tax, or collecting and willfully failing to remit the tax to the National
Tax Service, or of participating in a contrived sale, or conspiring to evade the tax, even when the tax is
disputed, where the cumulative amount of the tax in any consecutive twelve-month period, excluding
interest and penalties, equals more than one thousand dollars shall, if convicted within three years of the
offense, be deemed guilty of a felony and shall be subject upon each conviction to a fine of not more than
five thousand dollars, or a term of imprisonment of not more than two years, or both.
(D) Any person knowingly making fraudulent use of, or of conspiring to fraudulently use, a Certificate of
National Sales and Use Tax Exemption, whether or not for monetary gain, shall, if convicted within three
years of the date of this offense, be deemed guilty of a felony and shall be subject upon each conviction to
a fine of not more than five thousand dollars, or a term of imprisonment of not more than two years, or
both.
(E) Any person subject the jurisdiction of the United States, whether resident of the United States or of a
foreign nation, convicted of knowingly participating in one or more purchases taxable under this Act
made from foreign persons not subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, without the services of an
approved independent broker, and failing to pay the lawfully due tax, shall be subject to forfeiture of the
entire value of the transaction, or fine of equal value, in addition to other criminal penalties which may
apply.
Section 10. All Inconsistent Acts Repealed
(A) All Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent with the provisions of this part are hereby repealed.
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Appendix A
Part I. Banking and Monetary Reform Explanation and Details
In a battle of knowledge between the lawyer-politicians and the public, the people fight unarmed. An elite
group dominates through legal finesse. It holds the high ground, establishing rule with nothing more than
technical words written on paper and a few simple principles adopted from Lex Mercatoria, nowhere
officially recorded. Its real power emanates from control of America’s institutions, primarily those
dealing directly with monetary and fiscal policy. Misuse of this power for its own purposes, with
considerable encouragement from voters expecting to get something for nothing, led to the nation’s
current economic predicament. The easiest way out of this mess requires new monetary and fiscal
policies. Both systems desperately need renovation.
Monetary policy controls money creation. Most of these rules have changed little since 1913 when they
were first implemented. Despite the modern appearance of the buildings and shiny new computers of the
nation’s financial institutions, our monetary system is antiquated. Modern computers process numbers
faster but do not improve the system’s outdated fundamental operations.
The proposed bill, the National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act, increases the efficiency of the
monetary system and immediately eliminates part of the national debt. One way or another, that $44
trillion debt, impossible to pay, must soon be discounted. Under current economic conditions and
systems’ rules, this requires either general depression or hyperinflation. Both methods wipe debt off the
books; both are painful processes. NESARA proposes a third method. By changing the rules it offers an
engineered solution to the problem rather than insisting on additional sacrifice from those who have little
more to contribute.
Modification of the nation’s monetary system starts with the definitions in Section 1 of Part I, Banking
and Monetary Reform. Words often have legal definitions that differ from popular or colloquial usage.
“Dollar” is a unit of measurement, specifically, a unit of weight equal to 371 and 1/4 grains. A price of
ten dollars is semantically equivalent to a price of ten gallons. Gallons? Gallons of what? Practical
applications demand an additional clarification. Individuals usually supply the answer through ignorance
in the form of assumed knowledge. Their stock seems unlimited.
Words build sentences. Sentences frame ideas. Ideas lawfully expressed in statutes become law. Changing
definitions of words after the fact corrupts the law. The lawyer-politicians make effective use of this tactic
with one exception-their attacks on the U.S. Constitution.
In order for it to have reasonable construction the words in the Constitution must be taken at their obvious
historical meaning. In 1824 Chief Justice Marshall wrote, “As men, whose intentions require no
concealment, generally employ the words which most directly and aptly express the ideas they intend to
convey, the enlightened patriots who framed our constitution, and the people who adopted it, must be
understood to have employed words in their natural sense, and to have intended what they have said.”1
On occasion, the lawyer-politicians, attempting to evade clear constitutional intent by changing the
meaning of a word, encounter someone like Justice Mahion Pitney of the 1920 Supreme Court. He
declared that “Congress cannot by any definition it may adopt conclude the matter, since it cannot by
1 Opinion of Chief Justice John Marshall, Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. 1, 6 L Ed 23, p. 68
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legislation alter the Constitution, from which alone it derives its power to legislate, and within whose
limitations alone that power can be lawfully exercised.”2
Definitions are important. Misunderstanding the meaning of words used in the proposed bill might result
in an incorrect interpretation of the statute’s intent when it becomes law. Furthermore, all definitions must
conform to those used in the Constitution. Pay close attention to the specific definitions given for “bills of
credit,” “eagle,” “interest,” “lawful,” “legal,” “legal-tender,” “money,” “payment,” “seigniorage,”
“specie” and “tender.” All of the ideas found in NESARA are based on the simple legal definitions of a
few dozen words.
Section 2 of Part I lists some obvious items as likely findings of Congress. The purpose of this section is
to state the relevant facts about the issue addressed and explain why a new law is needed. New laws
should not be passed without serious justification because their current total volume exceeds the ability of
any human to know, let alone comply with all of them.
Section 3 of Part I acknowledges congressional control of the United States monetary system. This
authority originates with the Constitution, contained in its monetary powers and disabilities
• Article I, §8, cl. 2-The Congress shall have the Power …To borrow Money on the credit of the
United States[.]
• Article I, §8, cl. 5-The Congress shall have the Power …To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof,
and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures[.]
• Article I, §8, cl. 6-The Congress shall have the Power …To provide for the Punishment of
counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States[.]
• Article I, §10, cl. 1-No State shall …coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and
silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts…
Clearly the nation’s monetary system is under the control of Congress.
In Section 4 of Part I Congress exercises its monetary power, directing the United States Treasury to
produce three new kinds of currency: treasury credit-notes, standard silver coin, and standard gold coin.
Treasury credit-notes “in sufficient quantity to replace all outstanding United States legal tender paper
currency of every type” will become the bulk of the nation’s currency. All printing of previously
authorized paper currency is now prohibited. Natural circulation and the resultant wear and tear will
eventually eliminate the old paper currency, predominantly Federal Reserve Notes, except those items
held as collectibles. Existing gold and silver certificates will not be redeemed in specie but are still usable
under their current legal tender status. The bill authorizes but does not mandate production of new silver
certificates and new gold certificates that are redeemable. It also provides general specifications and
limitations for their production along with remedies for failure to meet those limitations.
Congress further directs the Secretary of the Treasury to begin maximum production of standard United
States gold and silver coin according to the general instructions provided. A standard design unchanged
for thirty years and the marking of all coins produced within a decade with the same date works to limit
an excessive exchange value for the coins as collectibles and to promote their circulation.
2 Eisner v. Macomber, 252 U.S. 189, 64 L Ed 521 (1920)
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NESARA opens the public mints to unlimited coinage. Anyone may bring gold or silver bullion to these
mints to be coined. A charge, called seigniorage, keeps them self-supporting. It raises the exchange value
of the standard coin to a point above the exchange value of its bullion content, another way of protecting
its circulation. In addition, seigniorage makes feasible the operation of private mints in competition with
government mints, assuring the efficiency of both. The Secretary of the Treasury is directed to promote
and regulate such operations.
Notice that unlimited coinage at the national mints of privately owned bullion has the effect of monetizing
not just U.S. owned precious metal, but the entire world supply. By honestly following this simple plan
the United States will become the monetary capital of the world, its currency immediately acceptable at
the published exchange-ratios anywhere on the planet. And this is accomplished at no cost to the
government.
The benefits of a moral monetary system extend beyond the borders of any nation. Imagine what would
have happened if the United Nations had adopted this plan and obtained its financial support from a small
tax on the international trade of its members. Undoubtedly, the world today would be a far different place.
Maintaining three types of currency in simultaneous circulation requires practical solutions to two
problems: One is nomenclature; the other is regulation of their exchange-ratios.
The term “dollar” has been corrupted by popular use so far beyond its original constitutional meaning that
its recovery seems improbable. Under these circumstances the most appropriate solution is to assign the
term “dollar” or the symbol “$” without other qualifiers to designate United States Treasury credit-notes
or its subdivisions such as clad token coins and subsidiary token coins of base alloys. In contrast,
terminology designating standard silver coin must contain the word “silver” as a qualifier. The term
“eagle” seems adequate to identify the new standard gold coin. Specific historical coins can be identified
by date and description.
To avoid the problems often encountered with fixed exchange-ratios, Congress directs the Secretary of
the Treasury to determine and publish the exchange-ratios between the various currencies. This method,
established as a matter of law, discharges Congress’s constitutional obligation to “regulate the Value
thereof.”
Treasury credit-notes enjoy a limited legal-tender status as a default medium of exchange. If parties to a
mercantile transaction fail to specify a specific medium of exchange, such as standard silver dollars or
eagles, the courts must assume they intended to use treasury credit-notes. Of course, as the issuing agent,
the government must accept them in payment of all taxes and fees.
Other provisions of this section give the new coinage a distinctive shape, useful for the visually impaired,
and specify the method to compensate for abrasion. NESARA also repeals all existing laws authorizing
government seizure of precious metals for monetary policy purposes or prohibiting the recovery and use
of the bullion content of lawful coin. This enables artists to use either the coin itself or its metal content in
their works. It also encourages public enforcement of the regulation of their exchange-ratio because the
coins may be melted to recover the intrinsically valuable bullion without penalty.
Section 5 of Part I identifies the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 as the Act amended by this bill, using its
original provisions for the dissolution and recovery of assets of the Federal Reserve System. In effect, this
section transfers all rights and ownership of whatever kind that anyone may have in the Fed, everything
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from the dust on its chandeliers to the spiders under its foundations, to the United States Government. It
assimilates the existing Federal Reserve System into the United States Treasury as the United States
Treasury Reserve System and creates a new Board of Governors. The character of this new Board is
established by specifying that twelve of its thirteen officers are ordinary citizens representing their
districts, a design patterned after the jury system.
To encourage only conservative actions, NESARA reduces the current wide range of sometimes
confusing and often conflicting objectives imposed on the existing Federal Reserve System to the single
objective of maintaining a long-term, stable exchange value for the new treasury credit-notes. Every
action by the new Board of Governors requires an affirmative vote by nine of its thirteen officers.
Some of the Board’s prerogatives are expanded. The existing Federal Open Market Committee of the
Federal Reserve System is abolished, its powers and responsibilities transferred to the new Board of
Governors. Also, a special account within the United States Treasury Reserve System called the Treasury
Reserve Account is established, to be administered at its sole discretion.
Section 6 of Part I renames the twelve existing private Federal Reserve Banks as Treasury Reserve
Banks, now public entities. It establishes a requisition and accounting method for the Treasury to track the
production and distribution of treasury credit-notes. Denominations larger than $100 are allowed,
provided their circulation is not public.
All financial instruments held by the twelve United States Treasury Reserve Banks shall be delivered to
the Office of the Director of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System and exchanged for
treasury credit-notes from the Treasury Reserve Account at an equivalent face value of one for one. These
treasury credit-notes may then be used for the ordinary operating expenses of the Treasury Reserve
Banks. This will effectively eliminate or keep the necessary charges for their services very low for an
extended period. It also provides one method of slowly releasing them into general circulation, preventing
economic shock. Once these funds have been expended, the Treasury Reserve Banks must charge a
sufficient amount for their services to remain self-supporting.
As the obligations of the United States are received in the Office of the Director of the Treasury Reserve
System, they will be delivered to the Secretary of the Treasury. Appropriate action by the Secretary
cancels them out of existence. Notice that all commercial instruments other than those of the United
States, such as private commercial paper and the financial instruments of other nations, remain under the
control of the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System.
The Office of Comptroller of the Currency becomes responsible for regulation of the United States
Treasury Reserve Banks. Except for an absolute prohibition against making dispersals from accounts that
contain no funds, they continue normal operations. Their exact status is deliberately left as an open
question. The Comptroller of the Currency may operate them under commercial contracts or the current
staff might become government employees. It is contemplated that, at some future time, their physical
assets and ordinary banking functions might be sold back into the private sector. This option should be
kept open.
United States Treasury Reserve Banks now operate as direct agents of the Treasury. They obtain the
standard gold and silver coin from the Treasury as it becomes available. Individuals may exchange their
paper currency for coin at the published ratios.
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Section 7 of Part I compensates the former owners of the private Federal Reserve Banks for cancellation
of their outstanding capital stock. They are paid in newly printed treasury credit-notes at the price
previously fixed by law. Stock not redeemed in 90 days becomes worthless.
All government obligations, both foreign and domestic, held by the nation’s commercial banks are
exchanged for treasury credit-notes, on a dollar for dollar basis, with their district Treasury Reserve
Banks. Ultimately, the Secretary of the Treasury cancels the U.S. obligations. The new law prohibits
commercial banks from purchasing or holding the income-producing instruments of the United States, or
those of other nations, effectively eliminating much of their influence on monetary policy.
These actions amount to a direct reduction of the public debt, and at virtually no cost. To see how this is
accomplished, follow the money’s path. The Treasury prints new money, swapping it for the
government’s income-producing obligations held by the old Federal Reserve System. When this system is
absorbed into the Treasury, it gets that money back, essentially paying itself for its own obligations with a
small printing cost. Using this money again, the Treasury buys its income-producing obligations currently
held by more than ten thousand of the nation’s banks, either as fractional reserves or for their own
investment accounts. The Secretary of the Treasury then cancels these government obligations,
eliminating billions of dollars of public debt.
By limiting commercial bank reserves to treasury credit-notes, which produce no direct income, the
national economy remains largely unaffected. Most of the exchanged treasury credit-notes rest quietly in
bank vaults as reserves, out of the stream of commerce. Because they are not in public circulation, they do
not bid the price of consumer goods higher.
Swapping treasury credit-notes for the government’s income-producing obligations is remarkably fair. It
prevents taxpayer support of the banks through double use of the same funds, first as income producers
for the banks and then as an expansion base for the banks’ monetization of the public’s debt. From now
on, commercial banks must earn their living through direct service to the community, not at taxpayers’ expense.
Similarly, the private debt of the American people can be reduced by astronomical amounts simply by
requiring repayment of principal on secured loans before a bank begins to earn the monetization-fee and
by prohibiting compounded monetization-fees. These rules would only apply to financial institutions that
make secured loans on a fractional reserve basis. Such loans are nothing more than monetization of the
borrower’s own debt, an extension, not of bank credit, but of the national credit through the bank’s license
to create money.
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Applying these rules to outstanding loans immediately reduces the private debt of the American people.
Lowering the debt-service burden associated with secured loans allows an ordinary working family a
modern lifestyle it can afford. It also assures that the banks fulfill a very necessary “public purpose”
which, as the Supreme Court noted in 1896, was the reason for their creation by the government.
Banks are compensated for this midstream change in rules in several ways-by a monthly service charge
not exceeding 25 dollars, retroactively and on future loans, and by origination fees and points on new
loans. The total service charges for any one converted loan must not exceed 50% of the savings to the
borrower for the conversion. Discount points are limited to a maximum of 5 percent of the principal loan
amount and reduced proportionally as the annualized rate of the monetization-fee increases. This
encourages low rates.
Under these rules, and in the absence of fraud, bank failures and taxpayer bailouts become a thing of the
past. It will be almost impossible to suffer loss on a secured domestic loan with the principal paid up
front. And, in contrast to the perpetual expansion of compounded interest charges, the new repayment
equations always converge to zero under any repayment plan. Defaults occur only if the borrower fails to
make the payments specified in the original contract or to arrange for new terms through renegotiation.
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is responsible for the day-to-day regulation and normal
operation of the nation’s commercial banks. With all regular banking operations controlled from this
office, the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve System can concentrate on monetary policy.
Several restrictions are imposed by Congress on all financial institutions operating within the jurisdiction
of the United States. To avoid the appearance of impropriety they may not grant loans to themselves nor
to their directors, major stockholders, officers or employees or to members of their immediate families.
To reduce public confusion, and the opportunity for mismanagement of funds, separate accounts of record
must be maintained for each type of currency. Converting funds between any two of the three different
types of accounts requires the written authorization of the owner.
To avoid legal confusion with credit-note dollar accounts, all such accounts are general warrant
deposits-fungible accounts allowing banks to return property like-for-like, and all demand credit-note
dollar accounts are strictly custodial accounts. Deposits to other types of credit-note dollar accounts, such
as certificates of deposit, require the depositor to be informed about and acknowledge the account
contractual status. This helps to avoid confusion with credit-note dollar accounts.
All gold and silver accounts are custody accounts only, the ownership of these funds remaining vested in
the depositor. These specie accounts earn no income because they can never be used as fractional reserves
for credit expansion or as the basis for loans. A financial institution may even impose service charges for
their maintenance. Checkable accounts or travelers checks on gold or silver accounts are strictly
prohibited, blocking another avenue for fraudulent activity.
On the positive side, gold and silver accounts help satisfy Congress’s moral and constitutional obligations
for creating a lawful currency system. Individuals not wishing to participate in a fractional reserve money
system have a clear alternative. If a financial institution fails, the owners of gold and silver accounts
receive preferential treatment for recovery of their funds. Such accounts may also prove useful in
international trade.
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This bill forces no one to use hard currency. A casual look at the figures and that impractical dream of the
`goldbugs’ evaporates like dew in the hot morning sun. The United States holds a trifle more than 260
million troy ounces of gold as monetary reserves, roughly 28 percent of the world’s total, or about one
eagle for every citizen. Selling it at $400 per ounce, above the current market price, raises only a little
more than $100 billion. That amount pays approximately five months interest on the nation’s outstanding
debt.
What about silver? True, the U.S. Treasury owns more silver than gold but it is worth much less. The
world’s total reserve base is only about 420,000 metric tons. Coin all of it into silver dollars, nearly 17.5
billion of them, and sell them at $4 each, a little more than the current market price. The total, $70 billion,
will not pay the interest charge on the national debt for four months.
Merely hinting that the United States intended to sell all its gold and silver at market prices would drop
their value into the cellar. Mining stocks would plummet. Gold and silver mines would close as their
operation became unprofitable. It would be much cheaper to mine the U.S. Treasury.
Monetizing all the nation’s gold and silver will not pay any portion of the national debt. Bank accounts in
lawful money will be restrictive, earn no interest and may suffer the insult of maintenance charges. It is
most unlikely that specie will return to general circulation. Much of it remained in bank vaults even while
the nation was on various metallic standards. Facing these difficulties, why bother with a complex system
using three types of currency?
With a cast of characters selected and the stage set, use your imagination and let the play begin. Suppose
that Congress instructs the Treasury to sell small-denomination, nontransferable interest-bearing gold and
silver savings bonds to U.S. citizens through their bank specie accounts. These bonds are redeemable in 5
to 20 years, interest paid annually, calculated in specie but paid in treasury credit-notes at the current
exchange-ratio. Americans could exchange their paper currency for lawful money, deposit it in a specie
bank account, then convert those funds to interest-bearing gold or silver savings bonds.
This immediately creates a tremendous circulating market for the Treasury’s gold and silver coin, most of
which never leaves its vaults. The sale of $50 billion in specie bonds at par removes that amount in paper
currency from general circulation. Because they are nontransferable, the bonds never enter the stream of
commerce and cannot replace the paper currency. Nor can they be used as bank reserves. Due to the
expansion factor built into the fractional reserve monetary system, the nation’s available currency and
credit drops, perhaps by $500 billion.
At the least this move is sharply deflationary, and probably recessionary. Since the nation’s aggregate of
currency and credit is only about $3,000 billion, the government would have to increase the money supply
before the economy collapsed. Suppose Congress decides to accomplish this by redistributing the
proceeds from the bond sales as restricted bank reserves, setting the restricted reserve requirement at 10
percent. State and local governments could borrow funds for infrastructure projects from local banks
equal to 10 times the reserve amounts, provided taxpayers agree to new taxes to repay the loans.
Everybody wins. The federal government, using the bullion now collecting dust at the Treasury, redirects
a significant portion of net national production toward rebuilding a crumbling America-new roads,
bridges, and other public facilities including water supply and waste disposal plants. Bankers earn a fee
for handling the transaction. Voters get back into the loop. Proposed projects die without local approval.
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And, because principal is repaid before the monetization-fee, low debt-service factors on long-term
projects keep the cost down and taxes low.
If this strategy seems vaguely familiar, it should. Jay Cooke would recognize it as the flip side of his plan
to finance the Civil War. In this instance the government leverages its gold and silver to generate billions
of dollars for much-needed capital improvements. Wise selection of public projects will increase national
efficiency, ultimately lowering the nation’s debt. The financing technique employed is an adaptation of
the Guernsey plan. It keeps local bankers and voters directly involved where it counts the most, their
pocketbooks.
Other versions of this general strategy may apply in international commerce. A foreign nation-China,
Russia, India, South Africa-having gold and needing technological assistance and investment capital for
infrastructure projects might find both in an American corporate partner. Suppose that the foreign gold is
delivered to the U.S., coined and deposited in a gold account. With Congressional approval, those funds
are converted to gold savings bonds, the proceeds being designated as restricted bank reserves for a loan
to finance a specified project.
Everybody wins again. The foreign partner gets an infrastructure project-a national communications
system, power production or transmission facilities, a water or sewage treatment plant, heavy construction
equipment, etc.-financed at a very low debt-service burden. An American corporation gets a major
international sale, creating local jobs and reducing this nation’s trade deficit. The bank earns its fee and,
after loan repayment, the gold is returned with interest, or perhaps recycled into a new project.
When conventional solutions fail, consider creative alternates. Fair deals work for everybody. Foreign aid
projects that benefit the American taxpayer while helping others make good sense.
Section 8 of Part I imposes a progressive excise tax on the monetization-fee or interest income of all
financial institutions or persons who make commercial loans of currency for profit. These provisions raise
revenue for the government but also, and perhaps more important, discourage excessive debt-service
burdens. This tax is especially appropriate for those financial institutions that use a government-issued
license to operate a fractional reserve system.
In Section 9 of Part I Congress creates a United States Treasury Credit-Note Exchange-Value Index.
This index, initially set at 100, tracks the exchange value of treasury credit-notes. Congress then directs
the Board of Governors of the Treasury Reserve to adjust the sum of the nation’s currency and credit to
maintain that value, setting the target range between 97 and 103. These provisions eliminate the
conflicting goals of monetary policy.
The Board of Governors administers monetary policy through four major regulation tools: 1) by setting
the percentage of reserves required of commercial banks; 2) by setting the national discount interest rate,
the rate at which commercial banks may borrow funds from their district Treasury Reserve Banks; 3) by
purchasing income-producing United States Treasury obligations in the open market; and 4) by
impounding and extinguishing funds within the Treasury Reserve Account or by transferring funds from
the Treasury Reserve Account to the United States Treasury.
To curb some problems inherent in fractional reserve systems, NESARA provides for new or modified
regulation tools.
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One of the most troubling problems is associated with the credit expansion and contraction multiplier
factor. A 5 percent reserve requirement sets it at 20, the reciprocal of the reserve percentage expressed as
a decimal number (1 divided by 0.05 = 20). Most of the trouble occurs during periods of monetary
contraction, the Great Depression being a notable example. As the nation’s total stock of money falls, the
banks, forced below their reserve requirements, call in loans. To improve their loan/reserve ratio they may
call in loans from some of their best, most solid customers. Local bankers do not repossess the family
farm out of malice. Heaven forbid they should ride a tractor for a living! They are compelled to act by
banking rules they never wrote.
Few people protest a large multiplier factor during monetary expansion, with the economy booming and
money flowing freely. But on the downside, good hardworking people get hurt. Unable to pay off their
loans, they go broke, slowing down the economy and making a bad situation worse. Engineers call this
system nonlinear and describe it as operating with a negative stability factor. People ruined by it call the
system an atrocity.
A more charitable attitude blames inadequate design. One set of uniform rules applied despite condition
or consequence explains a large part of the problem. To improve the character of fractional reserve
systems, change the rules.
Banks that temporarily fall below their reserve requirements, particularly when the cause is a sudden shift
in national monetary policy, are not necessarily insolvent. Under NESARA’s rules they are not penalized
if they make no new loans until 90 days after their reserve ratio recovers and if they do not call for
immediate repayment of any outstanding loans that are performing within normal limits. A bank is
declared insolvent only when its reserves fall below 50 percent.
To improve its reserve ratio a bank may borrow funds from its district Treasury Reserve Bank at the
national discount interest rate set by the Board of Governors. Each district Treasury Reserve Bank may
obtain these funds from the Treasury Reserve Account, paying that account one-half of the interest
income earned as a fee for their use. This provides a source of income to the Treasury Reserve Banks,
possibly reducing their charges for other banking services.
A fifty-fifty split of interest income between the Treasury Reserve Banks and the Treasury Reserve
Account is arbitrary, there being no compelling reason for Treasury Reserve Banks to pay a fee. Other
figures in the bill, such as the amount of excise tax imposed on monetization-fee or interest income and
the target range for the Treasury Credit-Note Exchange-Value Index, are equally arbitrary. Congress must
set the final numbers which should be based on studies of computer simulations of the economy.
The Board of Governors may purchase income-producing United States Treasury obligations from the
open market with treasury credit-notes. Their former prerogative of selling these obligations vanished
with the requirement to transfer all they receive to the Secretary of the Treasury for cancellation. Buying
on the open market adds treasury credit-notes to the economy, increases bank reserves and expands
national credit through use of the multiplier factor. It also reduces the national debt because of the
cancellation process. But, under NESARA’s new rules, the Board of Governors cannot reverse the
process since they cannot sell what they do not have. This prohibits them from increasing the national
debt, an option best left in the hands of an elected Congress and its authorized agent, the United States
Treasury.
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To offset this loss, NESARA gives the Board of Governors a powerful new regulation tool. They may
impound and extinguish funds within the Treasury Reserve Account or disburse them in one of several
ways, effectively using the multiplier factor to contract or expand national credit.
The Treasury Reserve Account functions as a currency reservoir, acting as a shock absorber during
periods of rapid economic change. Part of the national sales tax collection is diverted to this account,
making it a potent tool for fine tuning the economy. Control of these funds enables the Board of
Governors to execute national monetary policy without the usual abrupt shifts in interest rates or in the
reserve requirements for commercial banks.
During periods of national prosperity,-a thriving economy, government revenues increasing and
expenditures for public support programs decreasing-funds accumulating in the Treasury Reserve
Account could be used to retire part of the national debt. Keynesian economists, those who advocated
deficit spending in times of depression, now have the opportunity to test the second half of their theory,
using surpluses to pay off debt in times of abundance.
Section 10 of Part I provides a method for eliminating the unfair advantage that banks operating on a
fractional reserve basis have over other financial institutions, such as limited membership credit unions
serving their local communities. NESARA enables them to operate on a restricted fractional reserve basis,
either individually or as an association, by meeting certain minimum requirements and obtaining a limited
bank charter. Alternately, they may achieve the same objective as a partner with an existing bank.
In Section 11 of Part I Congress authorizes new types of postal money orders conforming to the three
types of standard currency. A distinctive color for each type helps prevent misunderstandings. Because
postal money orders must be purchased with cash, those denominated in silver dollars or eagles are issued
only in integer units of standard coin.
Maximum limits are set on each postal money order purchased by type: 1,000 silver dollars, 10 eagles,
and 1,000 treasury credit-note dollars. Regardless of type, the fee for each is one dollar. Note that the use
of the term `dollar’ without other qualifiers designates a treasury credit-note or its subdivisions in clad or
base metal coin. Except in unusual circumstances, any United States Post Office within the jurisdiction of
the United States is required to redeem postal money orders in the designated currency within three
working days of their submittal for collection. Examples of reasonable exceptions include “inability to
perform” such as during catastrophic events – fires, earthquakes, storms, etc. – or with post offices
located aboard U.S. ships at sea.
Section 12 of Part I deals with enforcement of the Act. Willful violation of its monetary and fiscal
responsibility provisions resulting in aggregate losses exceeding 5,000 dollars in any 12-month period is a
felony. The penalty for each conviction is a fine not exceeding 5,000 dollars, or a term of imprisonment
of not more than 5 years, or both. Each conviction for willfully counterfeiting or circulating substandard
silver or gold coin earns a fine not exceeding 10,000 dollars, or a term of imprisonment of not more than
20 years, or both. Though not the death penalty imposed by the Founding Fathers in the Coinage Act of
1792, this is definitely enough to get one’s attention.
Other provisions of this section encourage citizen enforcement. A reward of 10 eagles is offered for
providing information leading to the conviction of one or more individuals in willful violation of its
provisions. The redemption by the United States Treasury on demand in specie of any new United States
Silver Certificates or United States Eagle Certificates produced under this legislation is paramount for a
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moral monetary system. Congress therefore directs that the Treasury shall pay a penalty of 5 eagles for
any failure in this regard.
Section 13 of Part I simply repeals all previous legislation or any parts of previous legislation
inconsistent with the provisions of this part.
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Appendix B
Part II. National Sales and Use Tax Explanation and Details
The most important action Congress can take to put America on the road to recovery is to replace the
federal income tax with a uniform excise tax on consumption. Only one myth stands in the way-the
misconception that a national retail sales tax is always regressive, that it falls hardest on those who must
spend most of the money they earn out of necessity, not choice. Discrediting that myth destroys the
income tax.
Consider the fabled poor family of four. At a minimum wage of $5.15/hour, two full-time wage earners
provide an annual income of $21,424, (2 workers x $5.15/hour x 40 hours/week x 52 weeks/year =
$21,424).
According to the March 1999 Current Population Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau, this annual salary
places the family in the 2nd Quintile ($12,040 to $25,560) of income, and provides only $4,724 more than
the $16,700 Poverty Guideline set by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services for 1999.
This hard-working family’s income is only 28% above the poverty level. With careful money
management the family members squeeze by each year, living modestly day-to-day. For them real
middle-class status is a distant dream. Yet millions of Americans earning less envy this family as does
most of the rest of the world earning much less.
With standard deductions, filing jointly, and standard child care credit, this family pays no federal income
tax.
Suppose Congress replaces the income tax with a 14% national sales and use tax; but exempts the
necessities of life such as groceries, rents or leases of real estate, insurance, and medical items and
services. Unlike other families earning a higher income, abolishing the federal income tax immediately
adds no extra income to this family’s monthly income.
Of course, this family will be affected by the new federal retail sales and use tax. If 90% of the family’s
income is spent on necessities-nontaxable items, a reasonable figure for a poor family, the taxes actually
paid becomes 14% of the remainder, or $299.94 ($21,424 x 10% x 14%).
At first glance, this appears to be an annual net loss of $299.94, making a national sales tax a bad choice,
but what about those hidden embedded income taxes and the cost of collection?
When spending money for necessities the family pays directly for the goods and services received, and
pays indirectly all of the hidden embedded costs of the income tax. The hidden embedded cost of the
income tax affects all purchases. Assuming the national sales tax system is a mere 2.5% more efficient
than the current income tax system (a conservative estimate), this family will avoid an additional $535.60
of hidden embedded taxes (2.5% x $21,424), providing an annual net savings of $235.66 per year (-
$299.94 + $535.6).
As does every family and person, people near or below the poverty line, about 14% of the nation, daily
pay income taxes and their associated collection costs hidden in the price of necessities. Eliminating these
hidden embedded costs effectively increases everyone’s standard of living by at least 2.5%.
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Furthermore, replacing the current income tax with a 14% national sales and use tax provides an
approximate 4.85% rise in true purchasing power for every additional quarter per hour earned by
workers. For purposes of discussion, ignore for the moment the hidden embedded effects of the income
tax. If the two wage earners of the family earn only $6.07/hour, this family starts paying a federal income
tax. With a 14% national sales and use tax, the two wage earners in the fabled family of four need earn
only $6.61/hour each to see the sales tax directly offset current federal income taxes and realize a rise in
effective purchasing power.
The hidden embedded effects of the income tax cannot be ignored. Therefore, in addition to a true rise in
purchasing power caused by the higher wage, a minimal 2.5% rise in purchasing power is caused by only
2.5% improved efficiency in the tax system. A higher efficiency causes an even higher rise in purchasing
power.
Regardless of the wage earned when the fabled family of four starts paying a federal income tax,
converting instead to a national sales tax causes purchasing power to rise significantly.
Remember that the primary purpose of the 1942 Victory Tax was to control consumption, not to raise
revenue efficiently. The tax evolved into a potent tool for political power brokers. Their power rests on
their ability to manipulate the system, to give special favors to their supporters and contributors. Thus,
politicians have an overriding vested interest in maintaining the current system even at the cost of a
reduced standard of living for the American people. A national sales and use tax is a moral tax because
political lobbyists and power brokers cannot as easily manipulate the revenue collection and spending
schemes.
Another proposal for protecting lower income groups is with a periodic cash allotment. A payment of
$500 per year to every man, woman and child comprising the lowest 20 percent of the nation’s income
distribution would cost the government $26 billion annually, roughly the amount of the food stamp
program. Under this plan a poor family of four receives cash payments of $2,000 per year.
That $26 billion seems like a large sum until compared to an estimated cost of $100 billion just to collect
the corporate income tax. Abolish all income taxes, pay the allotment and the nation nets a $74 billion
reduction in hidden corporate tax collection costs.
Increasing the efficiency of the tax collection system reduces everyone’s burden. Think of the income tax
system as an ordinary job such as digging a ditch. Because of some silly bureaucratic rule, the first hour
every morning is spent throwing dirt into the ditch. The rest of the day you work to remove that dirt and
continue digging. Each day you follow the same procedure, wasting your efforts the first hour plus
working an additional hour to recover.
In frustration you might decide to skip work for the first two hours every day. At the end of each day the
net gain in length of the ditch remains the same. A more ingenious plan is to report for work every day
one hour late, avoiding the bureaucrat’s silly rule. The result is higher efficiency, digging more ditch with
less work.
Obviously, even old familiar things are not always what they seem. Conventional wisdom is based on
perspective. In this light the definitions in Section 1 of Part II, National Sales and Use Tax give explicit
legal meaning to some selected prosaic words. Notice the complexities of seemingly simple words like
“groceries” and “sale.”
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Do all items of food and drink marketed for human consumption qualify as groceries? Not necessarily. If
you select and purchase an assortment of doughnuts over the counter at a bakery or delicatessen, even if
the facility is located within a grocery store, you pay a national sales tax. Buy similar prepackaged items
from the shelves of a grocery store and you avoid the tax. The distinction exists in intent. When a facility
acts as a manufacturer, selling its food or drink products for human consumption through a grocery store,
no national sales tax is imposed.
Is a sale always a sale-in every exchange of property for a valuable consideration? One might be
inclined to think so until learning that some courts have held that love and affection can be a valuable
consideration. It is not the intent of NESARA to tax noncommercial transactions even when they have the
appearance of being a sale. Typical examples include property exchanged between family members, as
when parents `sell’ the old family car to one of their children. The same idea extends in principle to the
`legal families’ of partnerships and corporations. In both cases the offer is never made to the public nor
with a motive of profit. These types of transactions are not considered sales unless they are contrived or
structured for the purpose of avoiding the tax.
The word “coin” provides another good example of viewpoint. Though used as a noun in both Parts I and
II of the bill, its definition changes with circumstances. The monetary considerations of Part I call for
emphasizing its self-identifying intrinsic value and current use as a medium of exchange. Part II expands
this definition in the time domain and deletes all self-identifying requirements. Here the definition easily
recognizes the coins of antiquity, modern coinage, or any future coins, provided they are of metal and
during any period were officially sanctioned by some nation as a medium of exchange.
Section 2 of Part II lists some probable Congressional findings, several being intuitively obvious to the
most casual observer. They boil down to a stern criticism of the nation’s so-called progressive income tax
system. By almost any measure it is an appalling failure. Any one of its counterproductive features
supplies ample justification for its elimination.
One item is conspicuously absent from the list-the fact that nobody understands the eight volumes of
fine print comprising the Internal Revenue Code, including its authors, the Congress. And it is unlikely
that they will care to note that less than two dozen pages of simple rules replaces and outperforms their
incomprehensible tax system.
Section 3 of Part II abolishes the national income tax as of 12 o’clock midnight on the date the Act
becomes law. Expect the vested interests, primarily the lawyer-politicians and tax lobbyists who derive
power and make a living from tax law manipulation, to complain that this action is too sudden, to demand
a transition period. They will fight a holding action, insisting on phasing out the income tax as if flogging
you a little bit less each day is somehow better for you than just quitting. Their actual intention emulates a
pattern set in Europe-reduce the income tax, add consumption taxes, then raise the income tax, ending
with both.
All income tax liabilities that were not due and payable when the Act becomes law vanish. Technically,
millions of people owe taxes on gains they supposedly made when selling property or on deferred
income, perhaps invested in retirement accounts. Taxes on those paper gains, gains that were largely
imaginary because of inflation, are abolished. On the other hand, any taxes due and payable on a specific
date before the Act becomes law are still due and payable.
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Section 4 of Part II places responsibility for reorganization of the Internal Revenue Service as the
National Tax Service with the Secretary of the Treasury. Congress directs the Secretary to structure the
National Tax Service along recognized state and territory boundaries and to create any rules, regulations
and procedures required for efficient collection of the national sales and use tax. Districts are also
organized according to Congressional districts, thereby providing more accountability of District
Directors to representatives. A practical approach makes use of existing state sales tax systems where
available and keeps paperwork to a minimum.
Cost being relatively unimportant, this project has no detailed budget. By the time the bean counters could
generate an accurate estimate the job will be complete. The situation is akin to having a bursting
appendix. America needs an appendicitis operation this afternoon-discussions of costs, if any, will come
later. Congress allocates initial funding for the project equal to actual expenditures for federal revenue
collection in the previous year.
During the first year after the Act becomes law, the Internal Revenue Service continues to function,
closing the books on outstanding income tax liabilities. Any that cannot be cost-effectively collected
within that year will be discharged by writing them off.
This reverses the standard IRS policy that cost is never a consideration in collection efforts. The only
purpose for spending large sums in attempts to collect small sums was public intimidation. Americans
were annually treated to well-publicized examples of what could happen to them if they failed to pay their
taxes voluntarily. Morality aside, the policy might have been justified if it worked. It failed, and in the
process drove a significant portion of the economy underground. With the abolishment of the income tax
system it goes into history’s trash can, exactly where it belongs.
Section 5 of Part II imposes a national sales and use tax of 14 percent on the retail sale or use of all
property, both domestic and foreign, exchanged in commerce by any person within the jurisdiction of the
United States. The first requirement of this tax is that it replaces dollar for dollar all revenue lost with the
demise of the income tax.
Congress must set the actual tax rate, 14 percent being a judicious suggestion based on computer
simulations of the national economy. With the anticipated increase in economic productivity and tender
hopes for prudent government, that initial rate drops. After a few years one estimate puts it as low as 7
percent, others at around 9 percent. All estimates are established on various assumptions for many factors.
Experts argue over the validity of their assumptions and the impacts of numerous factors in their
economic models. Most agree on one thing-the size of a uniform tax rate generating a given amount of
revenue depends on the volume of taxable sales.
Secondary sales of securities are taxed at 10 percent of the full sales tax rate. Within the philosophy of a
sales tax, taxing secondary stock sales is fair, largely paid by wealthy people just relieved of income and
capital gains taxes. The tax is low enough to prevent capital flight from the country and high enough to
raise substantial amounts of revenue. More importantly, this tax discourages market speculation, the
constant moving of money to make money in the short run rather than into long-term productive
investments. Long-term investors are largely unaffected by this tax.
NESARA distinguishes between initial public offerings and secondary transfers of stock. NESARA
encourages new commercial investment because initial issues of stocks and bonds are not subject to the
national sales tax, only trades in the secondary market. Initial investments build businesses; secondary
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trades merely swap ownership. Stock certificates are property and proof of company ownership. Whereas
initial stock purchases capitalize a new venture, secondary exchanges are really nothing more than
property sales in the commercial retail market and thus subject to any sales tax.
Exemptions are fun. Eliminating many of life’s necessities from the national tax base nullifies much of
the argument that a sales tax is always regressive. It gives Congress opportunities to tinker with tax law,
one of its favorite pastimes. But it also puts Congress on the horns of a dilemma-with sales volume a
constant, every item deleted from the tax base means that it must raise the tax rate or settle for less
revenue. Hold revenue constant and the delight of tax exemptions comes with the distress of higher tax
rates, a very visible tax that the public pays each day of the year.
Why not exempt everything? A radical thought but perhaps not unreasonable. Abolish all income taxes,
forget replacing them with a national sales tax, and the nation still has an annual income of over $570
billion from other sources. That amount covers every penny spent by the federal government in 1979 and
leaves a $67 billion surplus. In other words, all federal income taxes now collected, an amount equal to 54
percent of the annual budget, pays only the extra cost heaped on the public by Congress in the last 17
years. Do not hold your breath in expectation. The facts merely show how far and fast the nation slipped
downhill and the potential for improvement.
NESARA imposes a tax of 8 percent on the gross profits of gaming sponsors, that is, 8 percent of gross
gaming receipts less total gaming payoffs to chance purchasers and government entities. Some people
would argue that this is an income tax (receipts – payoffs = gross income) and not a one-time excise in
the nature of a retail sales tax. A reasonable argument except that the nature of gaming is different in that
the activity is considered illegal unless licensed by the government and the government always claims its
share of the take as a “partner” in any licensed activity. Taxing the sale of chances when initially
purchased would treat the exchange more like a retail event and would answer the objection, but then the
government would receive all of that revenue plus its share of the take as a “partner”, that is, double
taxation.
Currently, gaming payoffs to individuals are taxable income when in excess of gaming losses so, under
NESARA, the government would lose that source of revenue. The new provision recovers that revenue
without double taxation and individuals still get a better deal with the elimination of the personal income
tax and the need to keep records.
Sales to federal, state and local government agencies, when acting in their official capacities, are not
taxable transactions. Neither are sales of licenses, permits, passports, visas and all charges for public
services or user fees made by these agencies. If raising additional revenue is the intent, charges for each
item can be increased. Without competitive alternatives the public has no choice but to pay. Other types
of sales by government agencies, such as the disposal of surpluses at an auction, are taxable unless
excluded by further exemptions.
Under NESARA, all sales of precious metal bullion, coins and currency are untaxed. Taxing these
exchanges skews the monetary system by degrading the standards. Imagine going into a bank with two $5
bills to `buy’ a $10 roll of quarters and being charged a national sales tax on the transaction. The same
principle applies to exchanges involving treasury credit-notes, precious metal bullion, silver dollars, and
eagles, and equally to trades in international currencies. Congress has a constitutional responsibility to set
standards and regulate values but must be careful not to pollute its own efforts.
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Sales made to or by charitable organizations in the conduct of their regular activities or charitable
functions are normally exempt from the tax. They must not be for profit or unduly competitive with sales
made by others subject to the tax. A church engaged in charitable activities might legitimately raise funds
to support those activities with an occasional fair or carnival, no taxes due. It cannot open an amusement
park in competition with one across town and claim exemption because of its charitable status, even if
every penny collected goes to its charitable efforts. The same reasoning applies to nonprofit schools.
Government’s genuine interest in supporting such organizations does not extend to encouraging their
unfair participation in the realm of commerce.
Exempting several categories of life’s necessities-groceries, insurance, qualified rents or leases of real
estate, and medical items and services-converts a regressive tax into a progressive one. Under this
system poor people, spending most of their money for the essentials, pay little if any tax while the rich
pay lots of tax.
Some argue that the rich spend more money on food so they get an excessive benefit from that exemption.
Not necessarily true. No matter how rich you are, the amount of food that you can eat is limited. Rich
people eat out more and in fancy restaurants where they pay the tax. Even when they buy expensive
groceries and eat at home that money is not lost to the tax system. It continues to circulate in the economy
and is inevitably used to buy taxable items.
One dollar taxed at 14 percent and circulated through the economy ten times provides the government
with $1.40 in revenue. That seems strange. How can the amount of revenue exceed the taxable base?
Simple. There are no limits on total revenues when the government constantly spends those tax dollars
back into circulation maintaining the base. With a fixed uniform tax rate the important consideration is
dynamic, that is, the speed at which a given volume of money circulates through taxable items. Do not be
concerned if the government fails to tax a few transactions. This is a rigged game and it is going to win.
Tax rates are adjusted so that the government always get its share.
Rents or leases of real estate for periods longer than 60 days are excluded from the national sales tax for
some of the same reasons that groceries were eliminated. Rich people own their homes. Poor people are
more likely to rent or lease. The same relationship presumably exists between many small businesses and
their larger, richer competitors. Failure to eliminate this category of taxable items discriminates against
the poor.
Exempting qualified medical items and the professional services of licensed medical personnel from the
national sales tax benefits both rich and poor. An argument that the rich gain more than the poor is no
reason to penalize the poor. Taxing anything discourages its consumption to some extent, though it affects
some items more than others. If the post office doubles the cost of stamps few people will reduce their
volume of mailings by half to break even.
Poor people often have considerable difficulty affording adequate health care. NESARA provides two
kinds of relief-elimination of the income tax and an exemption from the national sales tax. Without the
income tax, the working poor have more money. Moreover, prices of medical items and services decrease
compared with other goods and services as competition removes previously hidden costs. A sales tax
exemption adds frosting to the cake.
Incidental or occasional sales, when the primary motive is not profit, are not taxable transactions. The
federal government has no interest in your yard or garage sale if you are not actively engaged in
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commerce. It does encourage recycling materials. This justifies a 50 percent tax break on retail sales of
used tangible property-used cars or equipment, parts acquired at scrap yards, merchandise from
secondhand stores, etc.-excluding remanufactured items sold with warranties longer than 90 days. The
latter are treated as new items and taxed at the full rate.
NESARA treats sales of insurance or surety bonds as necessities, exempting them from the national sales
tax. Poor people frequently have greater needs for insurance than do the rich. Secondary sales of
commercial investment securities in the stock and bond markets are another matter. These transactions are
taxable.
By taxing only 10 percent of the purchase price paid for stocks and bonds at the uniform national sales tax
rate of 14 percent, the effective tax rate is reduced to 1.4 percent. This is a fair tax, largely paid by
wealthy people just relieved of income and capital gains taxes. It is low enough to prevent capital flight
from the country and high enough to raise substantial amounts of revenue. Also, this tax discourages
market speculation, the constant moving of money to make money in the short run rather than into longterm
productive investments.
NESARA encourages new commercial investment because initial issues of stocks and bonds are not
subject to the national sales tax, only trades in the secondary market. Initial investments build businesses;
secondary trades simply swap ownership. Securities of the United States government and all its political
subdivisions are never taxed even in the secondary market. This gives them a slight advantage over
commercial investments, restoring some of their competitive edge lost with the abolishment of the income
tax. Income from all investment securities, government and private alike, is now tax free.
Meals provided by employers to employees at their places of employment at no charge or at reduced
charges are not subject to the national sales tax. They were often considered as partial compensation for
labor, once taxed as income, now abolished. Of course, if the employees will not eat there, maybe you
should go somewhere else too.
NESARA exempts the identified and segregated labor portion of written retail contracts, such as
professional service, construction, maintenance and service industry contracts, from the national sales tax.
Technical consultants, lawyers, accountants, engineers, surveyors and architects normally sell their labor.
Taxable material costs for such things as copies of blueprints and specifications are often inconsequential
when compared to the total charge. When these services are supplied to industry, the labor costs pass
through into the price of the final product. Taxing that product effectively taxes the original labor. Taxing
both the service and the final product amounts to double taxation.
This exemption could be applied to certain categories of maintenance and repair bills with large labor
components that can be easily identified and segregated-for instance, having your carpet cleaned or
taking your car to a shop for repair. You pay the tax on materials but not on direct labor. Rent a limousine
and pay the tax on the rental but not on the driver’s labor identified and billed separately. Buy an airline
ticket; pay the tax. The pilot’s labor can be identified but not segregated because total ticket sales are
unpredictable. What if you rent a taxi? Pay the full tax-no written contract. Decisions are not difficult if
you know and follow the rules. In these cases the objective is simply to give the taxpaying public a break
on designated expenditures, not to avoid double taxation.
Labor is property. When sold directly into commerce at retail it is a legitimate subject of sales taxation.
Many services have high direct labor components-beauty salons, barber shops, dance instruction, dry
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cleaners, pet grooming, and tattooing just to name a few-all subject to the full tax. In the coming battle
over exemptions, direct retail labor exclusions will likely be an early casualty. Fortunately, as the taxable
base increases, Congress can cut the uniform tax rate and still raise the same amount of revenue. Either
way the public wins.
Real estate sales are taxable but credit is allowed for taxes paid on previous retail transactions or for taxes
that would have been paid had NESARA been in force. A home purchased for $100,000 several years ago
and sold for $150,000 after NESARA becomes law has a $50,000 taxable base. If it sold for less than
$100,000 no national sales tax would be due. For purposes of establishing an initial taxable base,
transactions in progress when the Act becomes law may be considered as completed.
Under NESARA, new real estate developments suddenly become more expensive, older properties more
valuable. This inevitably slows the mad dash to abandon existing property. A new $200,000 suburban
home carries a $28,000 national sales tax burden. Many people could achieve the same increase in
standard of living, spend less money and avoid most of these taxes by playing This Old House with an
older property. The net effect revitalizes inner cities and older neighborhoods at little or no cost to the
government. In fact, federal, state and local governments all collect revenue from these activities while
avoiding the expense of supporting new expansion projects. Taxpayers win by spending less, avoiding
some sales tax, but also with lower property taxes due to more efficient use of the existing infrastructure.
NESARA continues the longstanding government policy of exempting from sales taxes qualified sales of
printed periodical materials such as newspapers, magazines, news letters, directories and sales catalogs.
To qualify, they must be nonprofit or contribute in some way to raising revenue.
Intangible things such as name, image, endorsements, annuities, stocks, shares, patents, copyrights, etc.,
when exchanged in commerce, are taxable. An exemption for compensation paid for celebrity
endorsements to the extent that they are personally promoting or autographing their own products or
talents is fair because it encourages individual creativity, personal advancement and the dissemination
new ideas, artistic and literary works. However, mass personal endorsements or mass reproduced stamped
or printed autographs on unrelated commercial products, as when a celebrity participates in an
advertisement endorsing a particular product, are simply transactions in commerce. Typically, an agent
sells that endorsement to the highest bidder. The celebrity, or his agent, doesn’t pay the sales tax due but
is responsible for collecting it from the buyer and remitting it to the government.
In a similar manner, excluding from the sales tax the compensation paid for the domestic sale, use or
licensing of patents, copyrights, or processes in domestic production provides the nation with identifiable
benefits within our economy. Foreign sales of these items tend to promote foreign economies. While
these sales would indirectly benefit our economy, a healthy self-interest dictates a direct rather than an
indirect benefit.
Taxes on taxable transactions in commerce where the tax has already been paid permits any premiums,
benefits, or alternate currencies, for example, “coupons” or a “free” airline ticket based on “frequent flyer
miles,” to be issued without additional national sales taxes imposed. This avoids double taxation of the
original qualifying transaction. Notice that the exemption only applies to “taxable transactions in
commerce where the tax was paid.” Any premiums, benefits, or alternate currencies issued on the basis of
nontaxable transactions in commerce are still subject to the national sales tax when used to purchase
taxable items. Example: If you receive a “coupon” worth $50 toward the purchase of a taxable item, say
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luggage, by purchasing nontaxable items such as groceries, then the tax applies to the total price of the
taxable item (luggage) including the value of the “coupon.”
Section 6 of Part II attaches the liability for payment of the national sales and use tax to every purchaser
and for its collection and remittance to every seller. The mere act of initiating a taxable sale in commerce
within the jurisdiction of the United States makes one an agent for the National Tax Service. There are no
forms to fill out or sign, no coupons to clip or box tops to send in. Getting into this game is ridiculously
easy.
To get out, remit the tax due in full at any authorized federal depository on or before the tenth day of the
month following the month in which the taxable sale was made and do not initiate any more taxable sales.
Keep the receipt. That piece of paperwork is all that is necessary to prove the seller’s liability was
discharged. The same holds true for the purchaser’s receipt from the seller.
Obviously, the tax bureaucrats will insist on standard forms and taxpayer identification numbers. But
these items are only for the convenience of maintaining auditable records. They have nothing at all to do
with establishing or discharging one’s liability under the law. The burden of proving that liability falls on
the National Tax Service.
Three elements prove a government tax case-a taxable sale occurred; it was within the government’s
jurisdiction; and you participated. The government need only establish liability, avoiding any requirement
to prove a negative, that is, to produce a witness that will swear he saw you not pay or remit the tax. You
evade the charge by defeating any element in the government’s case. Prove that the sale was exempt from
the tax or that it was not within the government’s jurisdiction or that you were neither a seller nor a
purchaser in the transaction. Failing that, you had better have a receipt.
Governments take few chances on collecting their money. Taxes on credit sales of moveable property are
payable in full at the time of the sale. Taxes on immovable property paid for in installments are due as the
seller receives each installment. If a seller disposes of an account receivable, the balance of the tax is
immediately due.
There are no limits to the number of times a particular article may be subject to the national sales or use
tax if it returns to the stream of commerce. Each time the purchaser must pay and the seller must collect
and remit the tax unless the sale is exempt. But taxes are collected at the retail, end or final transaction
and not from wholesalers, or from intermediate sales of items directly used for or incorporated into the
manufacture of a product to be ultimately sold at retail. Maintenance tools and office supplies purchased
by a chemical manufacturer are taxable even if bought from a recognized wholesale dealer. Pipe, valves,
pumps, catalyst and solvents directly used in its processes to make chemicals are exempt. Electric power
to its office buildings or to run its pumps is taxable but power used directly in its industrial processes,
such as electroplating and metals refining, is exempt.
Should a dispute occur between the purchaser and seller about whether any particular sale is exempt from
the tax, the purchaser must pay it. The law provides ways to challenge that collection and, if successful, to
get the money back plus interest. Excess taxes inadvertently collected must be remitted to the National
Tax Service when not refundable.
NESARA abolishes the federal income tax and along with it tax policies that stimulated contributions to
charitable organizations. It restores some of that loss by issuing Credit Certificates applicable to national
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sales and use tax liabilities for donations to qualified organizations. To obtain the certificates, worth 10
percent of all donations valued at $250 or more, the organization must be recognized and approved by the
National Tax Service. It must also apply for each Credit Certificate in the donor’s name and certify the
contribution. The Credit Certificates can be sold in commerce and will be accepted by the government for
tax payments at full face value.
Summary documentation, also called returns or reports, of the seller’s monthly tax remittances may be
voluntarily submitted to the National Tax Service. If timely, meaning within five working days after the
tax due date, the seller may deduct 1 percent of their tax deposit to offset expenses for collection and
keeping records. If everyone files, sellers will divide $6 billion annually. What at first seems like a lot of
money comes to only $600 per year when split equally among 10 million sellers. Of course the big
companies get most of it but they also do most of the work.
Failure to make tax deposits within the ten-day designated period can be costly. Penalties for late deposits
are set at 2.5 percent per month and continue to accumulate each month for a maximum of six months or
15 percent. In addition, interest charges are added at the rate of 1 percent per month without an upper
limit. Expect the government’s accountants to compound those interest charges. They really want tax
money deposited on time. This tax system provides little enough forgiveness except for inadvertent
clerical errors, which are subject to interest but not penalty charges, and unusual hardship circumstances.
In the latter case, penalty or interest charges or any portion of either may be waived by the National Tax
Service or by Executive Order of the President of the United States.
Sellers who go out of business must file a report with the National Tax Service within thirty days. Anyone
acquiring the business or its stock of goods becomes liable for taxes due and not remitted unless the buyer
has a receipt showing that the taxes were paid to the seller. By continuing in business new owners become
liable for the collection and remittance of taxes on future sales.
Qualified and approved purchasers or sellers may apply for and obtain Certificates of National Sales and
Use Tax Exemption from the National Tax Service. These certificates, valid for 12 months, are identified
by serial number. Their use is voluntary-one can never be penalized for participating in an exempt
transaction-but desirable because they simplify nontaxable commerce.
Revenuers appreciate Exemption Certificates because they make tracking nontaxable sales easier. When
they are used in commerce, the seller becomes liable for maintaining sales records for two years from the
date of the sale. To encourage their use and the reporting of exempt sales, the National Tax Service offers
Credit Certificates applicable to tax liabilities equal to 0.15 percent of the total amount of exempt sales
timely reported. This offer excludes sales made to the federal government; presumably records of these
sales are already available to the National Tax Service.
Every month 15 percent of the national sales tax collected is deposited in the Treasury Reserve Account.
These funds may not be used by the government without authorization of the Board of Governors of the
Treasury Reserve System. The Treasury Reserve Account joins the Siamese twins of fiscal and monetary
policy at the hip. They live in Washington, D.C., in a glass house, largely ignored during periods of good
behavior while a thriving nation runs smoothly. But family squabbles upset the neighbors who are sure to
notice and complain. Continued disruptions tempt them to become personally involved, a situation
everyone finds distasteful.
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Section 7 of Part II provides compensation for tax policy changes to recipients of fixed income payments
from the federal government and prevents double compensation for high income recipients with full Cost
of Living Adjustments (COLA) protection.
Section 8 of Part II addresses occasions of negligence or refusal to pay, collect or remit the national sales
and use tax as required by law. Conflicts will arise but should be minimal. Sellers have little reason not to
collect the tax: A lawful statute, clearly worded and easily understood, requires that they collect it;
Uniform taxes do not unduly affect their competitive position; They are not the ones paying the tax; and
the government compensates them, at least in part, for obeying the law. Purchasers refusing to pay the tax
are unlikely to obtain goods and services from sellers. No sale, no problem with the law.
Simple procedures handle the difficulties that do occur. Each step taken by the National Tax Service is
explicitly marked by the title of the notification document: Assessment / Preliminary Notice of
Deficiency, Preliminary Determination, Final Notice of Deficiency, Final Determination, and Notice of
Levy. One or more remedies are available at every stage for an alleged delinquent taxpayer to challenge
the government’s assertion.
Upon receiving either a Final Notice of Deficiency or a Final Determination, one may bypass the National
Tax Service, placing the argument before a court of competent jurisdiction. The stakes get higher. Win,
even partially, and the government must pay your legal fees plus twice the amount of tax relief ordered by
the court. Lose and the court may order you to pay its costs and all legal fees in addition to the tax,
penalties and interest.
A Notice of Levy cannot be issued more than two years after the date on which a tax was payable or due
and it automatically expires three years after the tax due date. During that period the National Tax Service
may agree to an Offer in Compromise in partial settlement of taxes due or by mutual agreement extend
the limitation period in hopes that the taxpayer might acquire the money and pay the debt.
To avoid the many problems associated with collections under the current income tax system, NESARA
clearly defines that a warrant of distraint be issued before continuing with any seizure. Additionally,
because the national sales and use tax is collected only in activities of commerce, real and personal
property is exempt from seizure and collections. Innocent third party owners of property are also
protected, eliminating some of the repulsion with current asset forfeiture laws.
The government prefers to obtain something for taxes due rather than nothing. It is one thing to drill for
oil, quite a different matter when you know it will be a duster. Revenuers cannot use the remedies of
garnishment against a delinquent taxpayer while the taxpayer can declare bankruptcy any time. Better for
everyone to make the best of a bad situation, reach a compromise settlement if possible and move on.
The provisions of Section 9 of Part II define four federal tax crimes and specify the punishment for
convicted offenders. A seller who misrepresents or hides the national sales tax attempts to gain unfair
competitive advantage or to defeat its visibility, a misdemeanor. Knowingly participating in a taxable
transaction and willfully evading responsibility to pay, collect or remit the tax may be a misdemeanor or a
felony depending on the amount of money involved. If the amount is over $100 but less than $1,000, the
crime is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000 or a term of imprisonment of not
more than six months, or both. For amounts over $1,000 the crime is a felony punishable by a fine of not
more than $5,000 or a term of imprisonment of not more than two years, or both. Making or conspiring to
make fraudulent use of a Certificate of National Sales and Use Tax Exemption is a felony. Conviction
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may subject you to either a fine of not more than $5,000 or a term of imprisonment of not more than two
years, or both.
Rudimentary procedures are more than sufficient to enforce the federal sales and use tax laws. Simple,
understandable tax law invites public participation. People know what goes on and some will tell. Sting
operations by revenuers will be almost as easy as handing out traffic tickets. To catch the bad guys they
need only make a purchase in a taxable sale from a careless or imprudent seller trying to beat the system.
Anyone smart enough to contemplate evading the tax or defrauding the government is smart enough to
recognize that the risk exceeds the potential gain.
Section 10 of Part II simply repeals all previous legislation or any parts of previous legislation
inconsistent with the provisions of this part.
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Appendix C
Fair or Equitable?
The world operates according to natural laws and rules. Some laws are immutable from nature and some
are arbitrary from humans. In combination, those rules determine the quality of life for everyone.
Simple observation demonstrates that wealthy people live better than poor people and that the poor vastly
outnumber the wealthy. Why?
Perhaps the explanation is just talent or luck, but maybe some of those arbitrary rules have more to do
with the distribution of wealth than many people imagine.
Certainly many wealthy people have expended a lot of sweat equity to obtain their well-deserved wealth,
and a handful of people win lotteries. A person could argue that the wealthy pay most of the taxes and
that the free market is fair because its rules are uniform and anybody can, through hard work, become
successful. However, that argument avoids mentioning that fair is not the same as equitable.
Consider a 20-year chess master veteran playing a twelve year-old novice. Both play the game according
to one set of rules. When the veteran wins in a minimal number of moves, nobody will argue that the rules
were unfair. Yet, almost everybody will agree that the competition was one-sided.
In the last decade compensation for management increased by more than 500% while compensation for
labor barely exceeded inflation. About 80% of the nation’s workforce produces close to 100% of the
nation’s goods and services but more than 50% of those goods and services are consumed by the
wealthiest 5% of the people. Under current rules, that may be fair but definitely is not equitable.
Consider a national lottery. Uniform rules are fair because everyone has the same chance to win but, by
the nature of the game, there are few winners. Seems reasonable for a lottery game but somewhat less
reasonable as a means to achieve social justice.
Suppose a highly paid manager receives compensation of perhaps $100 per minute. She derives selfsatisfaction
by focusing on the $30 or so per minute she pays in taxes, justifiably claiming that the
wealthy pay most of the taxes, but never mentions the $70 or so per minute she keeps. Meanwhile, the
bottom 20% of the work force, many who work just as hard as this manager, would see $10 to $12 per
hour and a 40 hour work week as a real success story.
Nor can the manager claim hard work and talent as the sole source of her success. True, she probably
wouldn’t be successful without those elements, but there must be thousands of others who are just as
talented and work just as hard without achieving that level of success.
A socialistic solution would provide each talented manager an equal opportunity to manage and reap the
rewards of that $100/minute. Our talented well-paid manager gets her turn once every thousand or so
days, obviously not a workable solution. This simple example demonstrates one of the failings of
socialism; that is, an equal distribution is not necessarily a practical solution.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
The challenge is not that the highly paid manager should be deprived, but that the common laborers are
suppressed by arbitrary rules they did not create. Those arbitrary rules often benefit only a few people and
create gross inequities in the social order.
Continuing inequities breed social hate, discontent and class struggles. The problem begs for a solution,
something other than the failed strategies of socialism and the Robin Hood approach of governments
legally stealing from the wealthy to give to the poor while they concurrently appropriate a portion of the
legal plunder to perpetuate their own existence.
The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act, NESARA, offers such a solution in the form of
proposed legislation for basic revisions to the nation’s fiscal and monetary policies.
NESARA replaces the Federal Income Tax, dollar-for-dollar, with a National Sales and Use Tax, a
progressive sales tax because most of the necessities of life are excluded from taxation. The proposal also
replaces the Federal Reserve System with a new Treasury Reserve System and a new Treasury Reserve
Board, returning Congress to its proper role of setting monetary policy standards and returns most of the
benefits of ownership of the nation’s monetary system to the people.
The net effect of both changes enable that 80% of the nation’s workforce which produces almost all of the
nation’s wealth to keep more of the wealth they produce.
The following articles outline some of the social prospects of adopting NESARA as the nation’s new
fiscal and monetary policy.
Imagine Legislation That…
Promotes Universal Home Ownership
For secured loans made on a fractional reserve basis, NESARA replaces compounded interest with a
simple monetization fee, thus making home ownership much more affordable.
Replacing compound interest with a monetization fee is fair and equitable to all parties because borrowers
pay less and lenders still receive a sizable stipend for their efforts. Unlike compound interest, which is
calculated on the unpaid balance of a loan, NESARA’s monetization fee applies to the repaid principal of
the loan, all principal being repaid before any of the monetization fee is due.
For example, under current banking practices and laws, a $100,000 loan at 7.9% interest repaid over 30
years would cost the borrower a total of $261,649.95. The interest fee for that loan amounts to
$161,649.95.
With a straightforward monetization fee replacing compound interest, that same 30-year loan costs the
borrower $178,791.49 (includes a monthly service fee of $25). Under NESARA, the monetization fee for
the loan is $78,791.49.
Furthermore, the monthly payment under the current banking system (excluding taxes and insurance)
would be $726.81, whereas under NESARA that monthly payment would be $471.64 (excluding monthly
service fees).
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
These numbers demonstrate how the new equations benefit borrowers. However, the new equations also
benefit lenders. NESARA requires principal to be repaid before the monetization fee, greatly reducing
risk for lenders. With principal repaid first, lenders free their reserves faster, thus providing more
opportunities to loan money on a fractional reserve basis. Therefore, rather than making one loan every
thirty years, lenders can make three loans every thirty years, increasing their profits and, incidentally,
provide greater service to their communities by increasing total home ownership. A win-win situation for
all.
Replacing compound interest with a straightforward monetization fee provides tremendous stability to the
lending business. The buyer gains equity faster and at much lower cost while the lender makes higher
profits at much lower risk. Reducing risk provides lenders with more incentive to loan, thus creating more
opportunities for borrowers to own their own home.
With NESARA’s new bank loan equations, home ownership suddenly becomes more affordable to all,
encouraging universal home ownership.
NESARA also changes the rules for home sales. Under NESARA, all current taxes on income are
replaced with a national retail sales tax.
After NESARA becomes law, a sales tax on real estate sales will be due only if the cost basis for the
property increases. During the transition, the sales tax basis of all real estate will be the previous purchase
price of the property.
For example, the sales tax basis for a new $100,000 home will be $100,000. At 14%, the sales tax would
be $14,000. If that same $100,000 home later sells again for $150,000, the subsequent sales tax basis
would be $50,000 and at 14% the sales tax would be $7,000.
If an existing home was purchased years ago for $110,000 and now sells for $120,000, the sales tax
would be 14% of $10,000, or $1,400. If the home sold for $110,000, no sales tax would be due. Under
these rules, the new sales tax on consumption discourages the runaway effects of continually rising
property prices, makes existing homes much more desirable, and slows the mad dash to abandon existing
property.
What about inflation? NESARA is designed to end currency inflation. However, there will be an initial
surge of home sales during the transition period while NESARA moves from bill to law. This action will
superficially raise home prices simply because of supply and demand as people hurry to avoid the new
sales tax.
After NESARA becomes law, existing homes probably will sell for a little more than actual value, simply
because the sales tax bite will be less on them than that for a new home of equal value. Initially this will
encourage sales of existing homes over new homes and sellers will take advantage by increasing their
prices. Buyers also will be willing to pay the slightly inflated prices in order to avoid the larger sales tax
bite on new homes of the same relative value.
In the end, however, once the effects of currency inflation are eliminated, real estate prices will shake out
and settle down. Instead of appraisers having to always compensate for currency inflation, appraisals will
reflect actual “replacement” value. Real estate appraisals suddenly have real meaning, particularly on
multi-million dollar commercial or industrial property.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
As a bonus, because real estate prices finally stabilize, property owners can finally say good-bye to the
effects of property taxes rising due to acquisition values and currency inflation. With price stabilization,
the local costs of continual appraisals also drops, reducing overhead at the local government level, thus
further reducing property taxes.
Encouraging universal home ownership means NESARA discourages renting. As home prices fall and
stabilize, landlords will be forced to respond to market pressures and lower rental fees. However, as home
ownership becomes less expensive than renting, tenants will leave the lease behind in favor of ownership.
For example, suppose you rent an apartment for $625/month. After ten years you have paid $75,000 with
“nothing” to show for those payments. Let’s say another landlord down the street converts apartments to
condos and sells each condo for $75,000. Under NESARA, with a 15-year payment schedule at 4.9%, the
total cost will be $100,935.88 (including the monthly service fee of $25) with monthly payments of
$560.75. You save more than $64 per month and build equity at the same time. You could spend that $64
outfitting your new home. Of course, you also could apply that $64 toward your loan, reducing your total
cost of the loan.
Let’s say after ten years you decide to sell the condo for $75,000. No sales tax is due and you’ve paid the
lender almost all of the original principal. You roll over the original loan (you still owe some principal
plus the monetization fee, a total of $26,460.61) and buy a nice $125,000 ranch home in the suburbs,
using the $75,000 received from the sale of your condo as down payment and borrowing additional
principal of $50,000. If the seller of the ranch home originally paid $125,000, no sales tax is due. At 4.9%
and a new 15-year payment schedule on the $76,460.61 loan, your payments will be $571.19. You are
still paying less than your original monthly rent and have quite a bit of equity too!
By the way, why the low monetization fee (interest rate) in this example? NESARA imposes an excise tax
of 10% on monetization fees between 5% and 12%, and an excise tax of 20% on fees higher than 12%.
This is a fair tax because banks do not really loan money-they have been granted a special government
license to create money, that is, to monetize debt. As such, banks perform a public service and the excise
tax promotes that purpose. Therefore, NESARA greatly encourages home ownership merely by
promoting lower monetization fees!
With many people owning homes instead of renting, what will smart apartment building owners do? They
cannot reduce rent by an absurd amount. They can convert the building into condos and sell at a profit
further encouraging home ownership throughout the land. Everyone wins!
Terminates or Drastically Reduces Existing Mortgage Debt
The proposed National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act, known as NESARA, is based on a new
theory of money, its fundamental tenet being that all currencies are symbols of debt, including gold and
silver coin with substantial intrinsic value. Explicitly identifying the characteristics of currency clarified
the process of its creation and helped refine its purpose.
Using this information, NESARA amends the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 (as amended) to modify the
nation’s monetary system. The effects of these modifications are dramatic:
1. The national economy is stabilized through the use of new control mechanisms.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
2. Several revisions to current commercial bank lending rules and regulations eliminate massive
amounts of public and private debt.
3. Under NESARA, for secured loans made by banks operating on a fractional reserve basis, compound
interest is eliminated, being replaced by a monetization fee. These banks must credit all loan
repayments in excess of their regulated service charges to the principal loan amount, collecting the
entire principal before they can collect their monetization fee.
Because the new rules apply to all existing secured loans made by banks operating on a fractional reserve
basis, outstanding balances must be recalculated. In every case, the outstanding balance will be reduced
and in some cases totally eliminated.
Example: The recalculated outstanding balance will be zero for someone who has made 17 years of
payments against a 30 year home mortgage loan at 8.5% interest. The bank will return the mortgage
marked paid in full to the borrower saving 13 years of loan payments. For compensation on this one-time
recalculation, banks will receive retroactive service fees calculated from the origination date.
Provides New Banking Rules That Are Equitable To All
Using today’s accounting methods for bank-issued mortgages, the typical cost factor for a 30-year note at
7.5 % is approximately 2.5. That means borrowers pay approximately 1.5 times the principal they
borrowed.
Under NESARA, at the same monthly payment rate, that cost factor changes to approximately 1.5,
meaning borrowers pay back approximately one half (½) times the principal they borrowed.
In other words, after NESARA becomes law, banks make only about one-third (1/3) of the profit on one
30-year note as they would have made before NESARA changed the rules. Makes great news for
borrowers but, at first glance, this observation seems to argue that banks have no incentive to support
NESARA.
However, observe that under NESARA, at the same monthly payment rate with principal being repaid
before the monetization fee, the time required to repay the loan is much shorter. In other words, bankers
can provide more loans under NESARA’s Section 7F provisions than they can now under current
methods. Banks earn less profit per loan but can recover that difference in a higher volume of loans for
the same period. The real benefit to all parties is that those profits are obtained through more transactions
with each transaction facing much less risk.
Under NESARA, fractional reserve banks see principal on secured loans repaid before they start
collecting their monetization fee. This change in bank lending practice will do several things for the
banks:
1. Borrowers build equity much faster so they remain highly motivated to repay the loan in full.
2. Because loan repayment times are shorter and the overall debt burden reduced, banks need not always
foreclose poorly performing loans but will be more willing to work with borrowers during difficult
times.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
3. If a bank must foreclose on a bad secured loan, the borrower’s higher equity makes the process less
painful for both parties.
4. By collecting principal first, bankers free their reserves much faster. This early increase in reserves,
coupled with much safer secured loans, will encourage bankers to commit more reserves to make
more loans.
5. Under NESARA, banks become fiduciary public service institutions, highly unlikely to ever fail in
the absence of fraud or other criminal activity, therefore FDIC insurance is no longer needed. This
reduces bank operating costs and, simultaneously, releases several billion dollars which could be
applied to worthy public works projects or refunded to taxpayers.
6. Because borrowers build equity faster on their current loans, they can provide banks with much better
collateral when applying for future loans.
Under current rules banks make their profits early in the life of a loan and recover their reserves later.
Currency inflation works to their advantage. Their profits are worth more to them today than they will be
next year and the book value of their loan collateral will be worth more to them next year than it is today.
Now consider what happens when NESARA reverses that process. Banks collect a monthly service fee
for bookkeeping early in the life of a loan but their profits come years later. Inflation now works against
them. They will be very unhappy receiving their profits in depreciated dollars and will undoubtedly lobby
Congress and the new Treasury Reserve Board to maintain the purchasing power of the currency.
Of course, the happy coincidence is that eliminating inflation is the moral thing to do and, after NESARA
becomes law, that coincidence will also be in the best interest of the nation’s financial institutions.
Everybody wins again!
Eliminates Federal Income Taxes
The proposed National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act, known as NESARA, amends the
Internal Revenue Code of 1939 (as amended), to eliminate all federal taxes based on income: personal,
corporate, gift and capital gains.
Under this new plan, volumes of complex tax code are replaced with a few pages of simple rules creating
a national sales and use tax on specified retail sales and changing the Internal Revenue Service, IRS, into
the National Tax Service, NTS, to administer the new revenue system.
Exemptions from the federal sales tax for the necessities of life make the tax a progressive tax, a
characteristic often claimed for the federal income tax, but which, in reality, never existed.
NESARA’s major goals are stated simply:
1. To increase the efficiency of the federal revenue collection system through the elimination of billions
of hours of nonproductive labor.
2. To shift the largely hidden (regressive) tax burden on production to very visible taxes on
consumption, revealing to the people the true cost of government.
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
3. To eliminate constant Congressional temptation to tinker with income tax legislation for social
manipulation and to maintain and enhance federal political power.
Enables Single Parents to Support Their Families
Many single parents find themselves strapped financially. Many live paycheck to paycheck, with little or
no expectation of ever getting ahead. Such subsistence is not enjoying the fruits of one’s labor, but simply
existing. The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act, NESARA, changes this picture.
NESARA alters America’s fiscal policy by replacing the income tax with a national sales tax.
Under the current income tax system, many low-income single parents pay little or no income tax, so why
should single parents be interested in replacing the income tax with a national sales tax? Simply because
NESARA is designed to eliminate the hidden costs of the income tax and to double the standard of living
for everyone within one generation.
At a minimum wage of $5.15/hour, a single parent wage earner provides for their family an annual
income of $10,712, ($5.15/hour x 40 hours/week x 52 weeks/year = $10,712).
According to the March 1999 Current Population Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau, this annual salary
places the family below the poverty level, providing $3,168 less than the $13,880 Poverty Guideline set
by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services for 1999.
The family members squeeze by each year, subsisting day-to-day. For them real middle-class status is
beyond a distant dream.
With standard deductions and standard child care credit, this family pays no federal income tax.
Suppose Congress replaces the income tax with a 14% national sales and use tax; but exempts the
necessities of life such as groceries, rents or leases of real estate, insurance, and medical items and
services. Unlike other families earning a higher income, abolishing the federal income tax adds nothing to
this family’s monthly income immediately.
Of course, this family will be immediately affected by the new federal retail sales and use tax. If 90% of
the family’s income is spent on necessities-nontaxable items, a reasonable figure for a poor family, the
annual taxes actually paid becomes 14% of the remainder, or $149.97 ($10,712 x 10% x 14%).
At first glance, this appears to be an annual net loss for this family of $149.97, making a national sales tax
a bad choice. But what about those hidden embedded income taxes and the cost of collection?
When spending money for necessities the family pays directly for the goods and services received, and
pays indirectly all of the embedded costs of the income tax. The hidden embedded cost of the income tax
affects all purchases. Assuming the national sales tax system is a mere 2.5% more efficient than the
current income tax system (a conservative estimate), this family will avoid an additional $267.80 of
hidden embedded taxes (2.5% x $10,712), providing an annual net savings of $117.83 per year. ($267.80
minus $149.97)
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
As does every family and person, people near or below the poverty line, about 14% of the nation, daily
pay income taxes and their associated collection costs hidden in the price of necessities. Eliminating these
hidden embedded costs effectively increases everyone’s standard of living by at least 2.5%.
Furthermore, replacing the current income tax with a 14% national sales and use tax provides an
approximate 5% rise in true purchasing power for every additional twenty-five cents per hour earned by
workers.
With two children and child care costs of $5,000 per year a single parent wage earner starts paying a
federal income tax with an hourly wage of $10.58/hour. At that wage the single parent would pay an
income tax of only $6.96. At the same wage the single parent would directly pay $308.09 annually if a
14% sales tax was imposed. However, because of the improved efficiency of the new sales tax system,
and the elimination of hidden embedded income taxes, this family would see a net annual gain of
$1,353.03!
The hidden effects of the income tax cannot be ignored. Therefore, in addition to a true rise in purchasing
power caused by the higher wage, a 2.5% increase in the efficiency of the tax system increases purchasing
power by that same percentage on the total money earned.
Regardless of the wage earned, converting to a national sales tax causes an immediate and significant
increase in everyone’s purchasing power.
Restores Financial Privacy
The current income tax invades and violates America’s privacy like no other legislation. Any person with
access can learn anything and everything about you. The entire income tax system is nothing but a large
roll of toilet paper stuck to the bottom of your shoe. The ultimate paper trail.
How much money did you earn? How many children do you have? What do you do for a living? For
whom do you work? How much did you earn in interest and dividends? How many bank accounts do
have? What stocks do you own? Were you employed for the entire year? Were you injured for part of the
year? Who provides your health insurance? Are you married? Single? Divorced? Widowed? Are you
blind? A veteran? Do both parents work?
Parents cannot obtain deductions for newborns without receiving a government number. That child is
marked and tracked for the remainder of his or her life, in effect, branded as chattel property of a
supposedly benevolent government.
Laws require every penny that can possibly be traced be recorded for the purposes of monitoring a
person’s income stream.
Americans cannot even die in peace because the IRS waits at the door like the grim reaper to collect its
alleged due.
The Constitution protects each citizen’s right to arbitrary searches and seizures. Yet, the entire income tax
system permeates the lives of Americans like a virus from a horror film.
Enough!!!
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The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act
The destruction of privacy is the destruction of freedom.
The National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act, NESARA, changes this picture.
NESARA alters America’s fiscal policy, replacing the income tax with a national sales and use tax.
The tax is paid at the cash register just like many state sales taxes. Other than the sales receipt, there is no
paper trail. America’s privacy is restored.
Restores Inner Cities as Vital Economic Areas
Shifting from a policy of taxing production to taxing consumption immediately makes the use of existing
resources more efficient. By taxing what is consumed, people become inclined to slow their consumption
rate and begin to treasure the old rather than the new.
Under NESARA, all real estate sales are subject to a new national sales and use tax. The basis for existing
property will be the last sale price, for new structures the basis will be zero. Therefore, new real estate
developments suddenly become more expensive, older properties more valuable. This action inevitably
slows the mad dash to abandon existing property.
At 14%, a new $200,000 suburban home carries a $28,000 national sales tax burden. Many people could
achieve the same increase in standard of living, spend less money and avoid most of these taxes by
playing “This Old House” with an older property.
With the new banking equations NESARA provides, the cost of borrowing money to purchase older
homes drops dramatically.
With no income taxes, consumers retain more disposable income, and combined with a hope to be debt
free and own a home, older properties with a lower cost become more attractive.
The net effect revitalizes inner cities and older neighborhoods at little or no cost to the government. In
fact, federal, state and local governments all collect revenue from these activities while avoiding the
expense of supporting new expansion projects. Instead of local governments having to provide
“brownfield” legislation, citizens do the rebuilding.
Taxpayers win by purchasing less expensive older properties, avoiding some sales tax, and pay lower
property taxes because of more efficient use of the existing infrastructure.
Revitalizing the inner city, at little or no expense to taxpayers, channels more private investment funds
back to the older properties.
Businesses too will be once again attracted to the inner city as property values stabilize and business
expansion becomes less expensive using older property. Relocating businesses to the inner city creates
complete neighborhoods. As businesses spend less on their own infrastructure, and production costs
decrease by eliminating the costs of the income tax, the door is opened for businesses to begin offering
higher wages. Higher wages motivate people to stay located in the neighborhood.
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As the inner city revitalizes, those areas once again become communities, where people take pride in their
neighborhood. Restoring pride reduces stress. Building a community around both homeowners and
business reduces transportation and commuting costs, thus reducing pollution.
Improves the Balance of Trade
NESARA will immediately reduce approximately one sixth of the on-book national debt and will
immediately reduce some private debt as well, although how much is unknown. This sudden influx of
cash and newly available credit from private debt reduction will provide a tremendous increase in
disposable income and undoubtedly will create competition among manufacturers and retailers for that
disposable income.
NESARA eliminates the corporate income tax which will lower domestic production costs. American
manufacturers will be able to reduce prices, thus making American products more competitive, both
domestically and abroad. Furthermore, eliminating the hidden, embedded costs of the income tax will
have a compounding effect because those costs are no longer passed down the line from manufacturer to
manufacturer to wholesaler to retailer to consumer. Some estimates by experts state that the hidden,
embedded costs of income taxes raise prices by about 30%.
NESARA replaces the income tax with a national sales and use tax, and that sales tax will affect both
American exports and foreign imports. However, removing the hidden, embedded effects of income
taxes, improves the American economic system’s efficiency. A mere 2.5% increase in the efficiency of
the American economic system will create a minimum offsetting 2.5% price advantage in American
exports. Like the compounding effect of the hidden, embedded costs of income taxes, the improved
efficiency will compound itself throughout the system. This improved efficiency will mean lower prices
for domestic production. Because imports will be subject to the same new sales tax as domestic products
and domestic production costs are lower, domestic products become more competitive against foreign
products. That is good for the consumer, and good for American competition against foreign products.
Exports will not be subject to the new sales tax because those sales take place outside the country.
Because efficiency is improved in domestic production, reducing the price of exports should increase
volume. How much is uncertain as there are too many variables, but an increased volume of export sales
brings more profits home.
Manufacturers who previously moved businesses out of the country because of oppressive income tax
laws probably will consider returning those businesses home, moves which will create new jobs.
Although taxable retail products, both foreign and domestic, will be subject to price increases due to the
new sales tax, foreign products will become proportionately more expensive because of improved
domestic production efficiency, thus making American products more attractive to consumers.
Restores High-Paying Productive Jobs
In traditional manufacturing industries, economists have long recognized a direct relationship between
business capital investment and wages. That is, more capital investment per worker increases worker
productivity and drives labor rates higher.
American industry, searching for higher profits through lower costs, shifted domestic investment and
production to foreign lands where labor costs are much lower. This shift created a double jinx on formerly
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high-paying secure jobs in our once relatively stable industrial environment. That is, America suffers
from less local investment coupled with more local unemployment and local workers shifting to lower
paying jobs.
NESARA counters these effects in several ways:
1. NESARA stimulates the national economy through debt reduction. This reduction of debt creates
more disposable income and immediately increases the consumption of consumer goods which
provides additional incentive for their production.
2. Reduces the debt burden for previous domestic capital investment and lowers the cost for future
domestic capital investment, thus stimulating expansion of domestic production facilities.
3. The hidden embedded domestic production costs of an inefficient income tax system are eliminated,
lowering the cost of domestic items. Nationally, the revenue is replaced dollar for dollar by a national
sales tax. The combined effects of lower domestic production costs and the additional cost of a sales
tax on imported items eliminates much of the free ride previously enjoyed by imported items, thus
encouraging domestic production instead of foreign.
Even though the exact magnitude of these projected outcomes are unpredictable, all proposed changes in
NESARA are focused in the right direction to restore high-paying jobs, a statement typically untenable
with many of the bills passed by Congress.
Increases Benefits to Senior Citizens
Does the following statement sound familiar?
“The Social Security Administration (SSA) estimates that in 30 years it will only collect enough in taxes
to pay about 75 percent of the benefits it will be liable to pay.”
Scary, don’t you think?
Does this mean that YOU will be receiving LESS than what Congress led you to believe? Will you have
to continue working for a roof over your head or just to have something to eat? And what about your
medical costs, which are certain to increase?
Review that Social Security Administration statement again-closely. The SSA is talking about a
potential problem 30 years from now! If you are just over-the-hill at thirty-something, collecting future
benefits you are paying dearly for today might be of concern to you. But if you are sixty-something or
seventy-something and trying to survive on meager Social Security benefits, you are much more likely to
be concerned about next week than 30 years from now!
What then do you suppose all the media fuss is about? Perhaps the politicians are crying “WOLF!”
attempting to frighten Seniors to gain personal political advantage or to drum up support for some pet
project such as “privatizing” Social Security for Wall Street’s benefit.
Well, if the politicians are looking for a project to support, a good one is available. A proposed bill, The
National Economic Stabilization and Recovery Act, called NESARA, promises to double the average
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standard of living for all Americans, including all Seniors, in only 20 years, 10 years before the projected
potential problem.
The argument is not who should receive what or when. These types of arguments clearly create “class
wars.” Such fighting among the people is unnecessary. Whether you are a person receiving benefits now
or thirty years from now should not be the issue.
After NESARA passes, those who do not expect to draw benefits for another thirty years will have the
resources to immediately help themselves and, at the same time, America gains the resources to increase
benefits for those Seniors who need help now.
One thing is for sure-the politicians will not be talking about providing only 75% of what was promised
and paid for in advance!
Doubles the Average Standard of Living
By reforming monetary policy, NESARA solves a root problem that has plagued civilizations for
centuries. Many wars and revolutions are and have been fought over economic inequality caused by
unjust wealth distribution. Providing a sound money system that eliminates inflation, increases productive
capacity, and reduces or eliminates existing and future debt is vital to any solution.
By providing fiscal policy reform, NESARA moves the nation from taxing production to taxing
consumption. Anyone familiar with the Federalist Papers might recall that the Founders believed the best
national tax policy was one of taxing consumption, not production. As a nation’s production grows, so
does the nation’s consumption (Supply = Demand). However, by taxing consumption, consumers decide
when to be taxed. Conversely, the current tax system greatly punishes production through compounded
taxation and therefore greatly burdens consumption.
Concurrently with these two actions NESARA changes some banking system rules. Compound interest
on secured loans made on a fractional reserve basis is replaced with a straightforward monetization fee.
Instead of borrowers paying a bank the equivalent of two and a half houses to buy themselves a home,
borrowers will pay back only one and a half houses. Bankers will appreciate the new equations too
because all of the loan principal is repaid first. That makes lending inherently safer, frees bank reserves
faster, and allows banks to make loans more often. Essentially bankers make the same or more profit, but
through more customers in the same period of time. More importantly, those bank customers watch their
debt obligations disappear much faster, and at lower cost.
NESARA also requires all current secured loans made on a fractional reserve basis to be immediately
converted to the new equations, retroactive to the origination date. That reduces the total number of
monthly repayments remaining to retire the mortgage and, in some cases, that number will go to zero
indicating that the mortgage has already been paid in full. As additional disposable income becomes
available, people can save more or buy more. People get to choose!
NESARA immediately cancels an approximate one trillion dollars of national (public) debt. This is an
estimate, but a reasonable one. The interest due to the Fed will be cancelled as the Fed is converted to the
new Treasury Reserve System. Furthermore, banks will no longer be allowed to use commercial paper as
reserves and must swap any U.S. government paper they hold as reserves for the new Treasury creditnotes.
This effectively cancels all of that government debt. Because those new credit-notes are used as
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reserves, they are effectively removed from circulation. There will be no currency inflation due to this
swap.
NESARA places restrictions on Congress’s spending habits. Congress has constitutional authority to
borrow, and borrow they will by authorizing the U.S. Treasury to issue and sell government commercial
paper. But NESARA effectively limits that borrowing to currency already in circulation. The new
Treasury Reserve System Board of Governors will not be obligated to buy any of that debt. By law, it
only buys U.S. debt when necessary to regulate the exchange value of the new Treasury credit-notes and
it can’t hold that debt for resale as the current Fed can. All U.S. government debt purchased by the new
Treasury Reserve System Board of Governors must be immediately transferred to the U.S. Treasury and
cancelled out of existence. Therefore, the only way Congress can borrow is the old fashioned way, just
like you and I borrow. By forcing Congress to live by the same essential rules you and I live by, the
American people can say good-bye to pork barrel legislation. A new consumer price index, which
measures the exchange value of the currency, acts as a watchdog for Congressional misbehavior.
Congress will finally have to live within its budget! This will have an enormous quashing effect on
special interest groups. Say good-bye to the social welfare state.
By eliminating a massive amount of public debt, a massive amount of private debt and maintaining the
currency’s purchasing power, NESARA will double the standard of living for every American within one
generation.
Consider the following simple math exercise. Under the current system productivity increases an average
of about 2.5% per year. Projecting just another 2.5% increase annually brings the increase to 5%, that is,
double current averages. Multiply that figure by 20 years and you have a 100% increase within one
generation. There isn’t a single knowledgeable, reputable subject matter expert who claims that current
fiscal and monetary policy cannot be improved. Surely, with a much better system, not to mention more
constitutional, America can increase its annual productivity a mere 2.5%! That is the basis of the claim
that NESARA will create an economic boom of Biblical proportions as NESARA will generate annual
increases beyond 2.5%.
Eliminates Bank Failures
In the 1930s, regulatory policies encouraged savings and loan institutions (S&Ls), traditionally funded
with short-term deposits, to make long-term fixed-rate mortgages to facilitate home ownership. In line
with this policy, state laws imposed interest-rate ceilings on mortgages and federal law banned adjustablerate
mortgages.
This made excellent public policy until interest rates spiked in the 1980s and S&Ls lost so much money
that many institutions failed. The initial legislative and regulatory response to the impending crisis? Wait
and hope: Capital standards, the amount of cash the S&Ls were required to have, were reduced and
insolvent institutions continued to operate.
As the situation got worse, new legislation appeared. The Depository Institutions Deregulation and
Monetary Control Act of 1980 (DIDMCA) and the Garn-St. Germain Act of 1982 granted expanded
investment powers in hopes of recovery.
Imagine yourself as the manager of one of these troubled institutions: Profitability is declining or already
negative. Regulation, such as it is, is lax. With the new legislation, you have the power to raise more
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funds by promising additional yield to all of your depositors who are protected by flat-rate deposit
insurance and you are suddenly able to legally invest in previously forbidden high-risk schemes which
might produce higher returns. What are you likely to do? Forget caution; you take the risk and possibly
survive.
Because of continuing bailouts, by the mid-1980s the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation
(FSLIC) was broke while failures continued. Regulators, attempting to protect their reputations and jobs,
hid the problems from the public. Needing a solution without money, they arranged mergers between
failed institutions and solvent ones, routinely offering non-cash incentives such as yield guarantees,
promises difficult if not impossible to keep.
By the time the dust settled, direct cost to the taxpayers for the bailout was somewhere between $150-
$200 billion. Add the cost of insurance premiums, always paid by somebody, and those numbers really
move up.
General economic instability and downright mismanagement hit the S&Ls hard. Meanwhile, the
commercial banks, operating in the same environment, faced severe challenges of their own.
Deregulating deposit pricing, the return offered for making the deposit, and expanding permissible
investment activities for the S&Ls increased the level of competition at commercial banks. Money Market
Mutual Funds, paying higher interest rates, siphoned off large volumes of their deposits. At the same
time, commercial banks lost many of their major corporate clients, as the market then allowed obtaining
short-term financing with commercial paper instead of bank loans.
Other traditional commercial banking products fell under an attack of financial innovation and
specialization. Their home mortgage business slowly drifted away and their letters of credit and forward
contracts were replaced by exchange-traded derivatives.
This was a long way from earlier and better times. The Federal Deposit Insurance Act of 1950 used a
rebate system to cut the assessment rate on insured deposits from 8.7 cents per $100 to 3.7 cents per $100.
FDIC insurance reserves were invested in Treasury securities and in 1961, for the first time, investment
income exceeded assessment income. Insurance coverage was increased by the 1950 Act from $5k to
$10k. (It increased to $15,000 in 1966, to $20,000 in 1969, to $40,000 in 1974 and to $100,000 with the
DIDMCA.) The 1950 Act also provided for direct “open-bank assistance” to a failing insured bank
whenever, in the opinion of the Board of Directors of the FDIC, its continued operation was essential in
maintaining adequate banking services to the community.
This last provision of the 1950 Act likely contributed to another shift in the regulators’ attitude which
added to the scope of the problem. The Too Big To Fail (TBTF) Doctrine, based on the premise that the
failure of a large institution could, through a domino effect, start banking runs that might bring down the
whole monetary system, was implemented twice: First Pennsylvania Bank, with $8 billion in assets, in
1980 and Continental Illinois National Bank, with $45 billion in assets, in 1984.
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Total failures of insured deposit institutions hit a peak of 534 in 1989.
Meanwhile, Congress did not just sit on its hands. In 1989 it enacted the Financial Institution Reform,
Recovery, and Enforcement Act (FIRREA), with many of its provisions pointed at the FDIC. The former
Federal Deposit Insurance Fund was renamed the Bank Insurance Fund (BIF). A new Savings
Association Insurance Fund (SAIF) replaced the defunct Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Fund under
FDIC management. And the FSLIC Resolution Fund of the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) created
by FIRREA to resolve failed and failing savings associations problems and to manage savings association
receiverships, was placed under FDIC management.
With the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act (FDICIA), enacted in December of
1991, Congress addressed FDIC procedures and practices. The flat rate for deposit insurance, set by
statute, became a risk based assessment system with each bank’s assessment reflective of the risks it
posed to its insurance fund. Five capital zones, ranging from well-capitalized to critically
undercapitalized, were established along with increasingly harsh restrictions and mandatory prompt
corrective action by regulators who now had authority to close a failing insured bank.
In situations threatening systemic risk, that To Big To Fail Doctrine, FDICIA requires the FDIC Board,
the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation
with the President, to agree that the closure of the insured institution would have a serious effect on
economic conditions or financial stability. To cover insurance losses, FDIC may borrow up to $30 billion
from the Treasury, money to be repaid through deposit insurance assessments.
The banking industry struggled through the 1990-91 recession with lingering losses on commercial real
estate, loan demand down, and the Bank Insurance Fund insolvent by $7 billion. Thanks to legislative
action and taxpayer bailout, the industry recovered, but only at enormous cost.
Following the 1990-91 recession, the U.S. economy began a major expansion. Interest rates plummeted,
the average yield on three-month Treasury bills fell and remained near 3% throughout 1993. The number
of unprofitable banks decreased from one out of 9 in 1991 to less than one in 20 by 1997. Southwest Bank
of Jennings, Louisiana, failed on November 21, the only bank to fail that year.
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By developing new products and services (ATMs, derivatives, etc.) less affected by interest rate swings,
commercial banks became less reliant on net interest income. Consolidation reduced their numbers by
more than 3,000. Bank holding companies, responding to the Riegel-Neal Interstate Banking and
Branching Efficiency Act of 1994, combined their bank subsidiaries. The Act also enabled interstate
combinations between unaffiliated banks. Some of the nation’s largest banks merged.
Record profits in the banking industry wetted appetites for financial deregulation and the elimination of
what many perceived to be obsolete Depression-era laws. The 1933 Glass-Steagall Act (P.L. 48-162,
Sections 20 and 32) prohibited banks and securities firms that dealt in ineligible securities from owning or
controlling each other. Banks could not own securities firms or underwrite or sell most stocks and bonds.
Insurance companies could not own banks or take deposits. Each type of institution had its own
regulatory agency jealously guarding its authority.
During the past 20 years, technological advances and innovative managers, using seemingly minor
loopholes in the law and technological advances, bypassed long established divisions of authority.
Commercial banks increased their securities activities up to the legal limits. Securities companies bought
or established new companies, known as non-bank banks, offering credit cards and other banking
products. As distinctions between their products blurred, Congress moved toward deregulation of
financial services culminating in the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of November 1999.
The G-L-B Act repealed the affiliation prohibitions of the Glass-Steagall Act, eliminating restrictions
applicable to many banks, securities firms and insurance companies, and amended the Bank Holding
Company Act of 1956 to permit cross-ownership and control among bank holding companies.
Qualified Financial Holding Companies (FHCs) may now engage in a broad range of financial activities
such as: dealing in securities; dealing in insurance in any state; lending, exchanging, transferring,
investing for others or safeguarding money or securities; and acting as a financial or investment advisor.
In addition FHCs may engage in related activities including making “merchant banking” investments.
This allows an FHC to own a company engaged in activities not otherwise permissible for an FHC.
If nothing else, the G-L-B Act is written in politically correct language with appropriate public
safeguards. Its supporters claim that allowing one company to meet all of its customers’ financial needs
will save $15 billion a year in fees due to greater competition and efficiency. That may be true, but it
could just as easily be false.
The effect of the G-L-B Act is to put a lot of eggs in a few very large baskets. It makes sweeping changes
in magnitude but none of these changes are fundamental. They all follow established Congressional
policies of improving banking regulations, earlier and better detection of problem banks and more
efficient resolution of bank failures. Without a doubt, this is a safer system but humans remain in charge.
Bank failures as the result of human error, even catastrophic failures, remain possible.
NESARA takes a different approach, calling for fundamental changes in monetary and banking policy,
changes that make bank failures virtually impossible. NESARA reorganizes banks as public service
utilities, as fiduciary institutions, giving them responsibility for handling other peoples’ money but never
allowing them to put that money at risk.
Under NESARA, banks acquire a market segment, namely the making of secured loans by monetizing
their clients’ debts, with such a tremendous competitive edge that no other type of financial institution
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could compete. As regulated public utilities, commercial banks earn a steady, though not exceptional,
profit for their owners at almost no risk. Bank size becomes less important. Small, local banks can
effectively serve their communities as well as the larger national banks.
Recognizing commercial banks as public service utilities settles once and for all who actually owns the
nation’s supply of currency and who receives the benefits of that ownership – We, the American people.
Provides 500 Billion Dollars for Infrastructure Projects
NESARA creates a new national monetary system, within the limits established by the Constitution,
consisting of three types of currency: silver coin, gold coin and treasury credit-notes.
New banking regulations, specifying how accounts in each of the currencies are to be handled, opens the
door for some creative infrastructure project financing at the local level.
Suppose Congress instructs the Treasury to sell small-denomination, nontransferable interest-bearing gold
and silver savings bonds to U.S. citizens through their bank specie accounts. These bonds are redeemable
in 5 to 20 years, interest paid annually, calculated in specie but paid in treasury credit-notes at the current
exchange-ratio. Americans could exchange their paper currency for lawful money, deposit the coin in a
specie bank account, then convert those funds to interest-bearing gold or silver savings bonds.
This immediately creates a tremendous circulating market for the Treasury’s gold and silver coin, most of
which never leaves the vaults. The sale of $50 billion in specie bonds at par removes that amount in paper
currency from general circulation. Under the new banking rules, the bonds are nontransferable, thus the
bonds never enter the stream of commerce and cannot replace the paper currency. Nor under the new
banking rules can the bonds be used as bank reserves. Due to the expansion factor built into the fractional
reserve monetary system, the nation’s available currency and credit drops, perhaps by $500 billion.
At the least such a move is sharply deflationary, and probably recessionary. Since the nation’s aggregate
of currency and credit is only about $3,000 billion, the government would have to increase the money
supply before the economy collapsed. Suppose Congress decides to accomplish that increase by
redistributing the proceeds from the bond sales as restricted bank reserves, setting the restricted reserve
requirement at 10 percent. State and local governments could borrow funds for infrastructure projects
from local banks equal to 10 times the reserve amounts (provided local taxpayers agree to new taxes to
repay the loans).
Everybody wins. The federal government, using the bullion now collecting dust at the Treasury, redirects
a significant portion of net national production toward rebuilding a crumbling America, new roads,
bridges, and other public facilities including water supply and waste disposal plants. Bankers earn a fee
for handling the transaction. Voters once again get back into the loop. Proposed projects die without local
approval. Lastly, because principal is repaid before the monetization-fee, low debt-service factors on
long-term projects keep the cost down and local taxes low.
NESARA offers a tremendous opportunity to rebuild the national infrastructure. Congress initiates the
plan, but the plan is administered and controlled at the local level where the people build their own
prosperity.
Just like the Founding Forefathers intended.
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Makes the Public Responsible for Currency Creation
First, Congress can no longer hide behind the “create money out of thin air” scheme so easily hidden
through the Federal Reserve System. NESARA restores respectability to the word “borrow” because
Congress must borrow only currency already in circulation.
Under NESARA, the new Treasury Reserve Banks cannot create money out of thin air because by law
they are forbidden to purchase income producing obligations of the U.S or of foreign governments. They
are limited to basic clearinghouse functions and storing cash reserves for commercial banks. Just as the
Founding Forefathers intended, creation of currency is reserved to the people.
Under NESARA, all fiat currency is created by commercial banks through the monetization of debt-but
only at the local level. The Treasury Reserve System Board of Governors may purchase government
issued debt, but, by law, only for purposes of regulating the exchange value of U.S. Treasury credit-notes.
And any U.S. debt which it does purchase must be immediately sent to the U.S. Treasury where it is
cancelled out of existence.
Second, the U.S. Treasury Secretary is required by law to publish at least weekly, the exchange ratios of
the various currencies in circulation. And the U.S. Comptroller of the Currency is required by law to
publish at least weekly a United States Treasury Credit-Note Exchange-Value Index which measures and
tracks the exchange value of treasury credit-notes in commercial transactions. Although Congress has
constitutional authority to borrow money, if Congress doesn’t quickly learn to control itself, variations in
these exchange values will immediately warn Americans that something is wrong.
Under NESARA, banks are prohibited from buying any government issued debt for their own accounts
and can only use the new Treasury credit-notes as bank reserves. This severely limits their influence over
monetary policy.
Under NESARA, Congress sets the standards and establishes the procedure for the currency creation
process but only the people determine the quantity of debt they are willing to monetize.
Eliminates A Trillion Dollars of Public Debt
Once NESARA becomes law, several changes take place:
Concurrent with converting the Federal Reserve System to the new Treasury Reserve System, all
obligations held by the Federal Reserve System are traded for the new Treasury credit-notes.
Another change is that commercial banks no longer can hold as reserves, or for their own accounts, any
income producing U.S. or foreign debt obligations. All banks must trade these obligations in for the
newly created Treasury Reserve credit-notes.
Because almost all of those newly received credit-notes are to be used by the commercial banks as
reserves, they do not enter into circulation and are therefore not inflationary.
Once the Secretary of Treasury receives all of the recovered U.S. debt obligations, the Secretary merely
cancels them out of existence, thereby significantly reducing the public debt. The actual amount
eliminated is unknown, but $1 trillion is a reasonable figure.
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Realize, of course, that the debt held by the Fed is largely bookkeeping. The real debt is held by
commercial banks, private investors, both domestic and foreign, and by foreign governments. Because
NESARA makes no changes for the debt held privately or by foreign governments, its only real impact is
on commercial banking.
Eliminates Inflation
Under NESARA, inflation is controlled through four (4) regulation tools, one of them existing but
modified by NESARA, and another being an entirely new mechanism.
NESARA creates a Treasury Reserve Account, a new mechanism to control the quantity of national
currency in circulation.
This Treasury Reserve Account acts like a shock absorber, much like the coolant overflow tank works in
your car. When cooling pressure builds in your car’s cooling system, the coolant expands and flows into
the overflow tank. Similarly, when pressure decreases, coolant contracts and flows back into the cooling
system. The design of the system operates using the laws of physics and thermodynamics. Through such a
mechanism, pressure and temperature of the system remains stable within operating design.
Controlling the amount of currency in circulation is not easily performed using those same natural laws,
but the same design principles can be used. Therefore, NESARA uses an external indicator, the new
United States Treasury Credit-Note Exchange-Value Index, to monitor the exchange value of the currency
in circulation. This Exchange-Value Index is established by law to be maintained within a range of 97
percent to 103 percent.
When the Treasury Reserve Board observes the Exchange-Value Index rising above 100 percent,
indicating inflation, that is, too much currency in circulation, the Board can impound revenues in the
Treasury Reserve Account, removing that currency from circulation.
Conversely, when the Exchange-Value Index drops below 100 percent, indicating deflation, that is, not
enough currency in circulation, the Board can do one of several things with Treasury Reserve Account
funds: 1) transfer funds to the U.S. Treasury, which Congress can spend, or 2) buy public debt, or 3)
deposit funds at commercial banks, thereby increasing reserves and introducing currency into circulation
through encouraging new loans (monetization of debt). All of these actions effectively put additional
currency into circulation though they work in different time frames.
The new Treasury Reserve Board has exclusive control of this new Treasury Reserve Account which
exists solely for the purpose of regulation of the exchange value of the currency. Congress is not allowed
to spend any of the funds unless the Board transfers them to the U.S. Treasury.
As mentioned, funds in the Treasury Reserve Account may be used to buy U.S. public debt. Under
NESARA such debt is held only by private investors and foreign governments. Purchasing U.S. debt
would introduce currency into circulation and would be done only when the Exchange-Value Index goes
below 100 percent. But, because of NESARA’s modifications to this regulation tool, any U.S. debt
purchased by the Treasury Reserve Board must be turned over to the U.S. Treasury for immediate
cancellation. Thus the Treasury Reserve Board loses the option the Fed once had of selling U.S. debt.
Obviously it can’t sell what it doesn’t have.
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The two traditional regulation tools used by the Fed, 1) setting the percentage of reserves required of
commercial banks, and 2) setting the national discount rate at which commercial banks may borrow funds
from their district Treasury Reserve Banks remain in effect. The new Treasury Reserve Board may make
use of these tools but will probably find the newer tools better for fine tuning the exchange value of the
currency.
Benefits Americans with an Unprecedented Economic Boom
The exact amount of public and private debt to be eliminated by NESARA is unknown. Estimates depend
upon the assumptions of those making them, but numbers in the range of two trillion dollars are
reasonable.
The one sure expectation in this scenario: Americans suddenly free of massive amounts of debt will
immediately go on a spending spree. Prices will naturally rise with the higher consumption of consumer
goods, even in the face of a 14% National Sales Tax, and will reach epic proportions. Those higher prices,
largely due to demand rather than an increase in the available quantity of money, encourage the
production of more consumer goods and services.
With full implementation of NESARA, all Americans enjoy an unprecedented economic boom, the
economy expanding at a long term annual rate in excess of 5% and perhaps with initial short term growth
surges at better than 8.5%.
Unlike all previous expansions, monetary policy regulators need not kill this expansion with higher
interest rates to fight inflation. NESARA provides regulators with powerful tools to control the quantity
of money in circulation. Properly using these regulation tools and the inherent self-regulation built into
the new monetary system will automatically promote excellent economic stability.
Increased production and competition in world markets along with the increased efficiency of the new
revenue system will soon drive prices back down. Within about one year, elimination of the hidden costs
in the old income tax system will put additional downward pressure on prices.
Thanks to NESARA, all Americans experience a higher standard of living, the double beneficiaries of
reduced debt servitude and increased consumption of consumer goods.
Provides a More Secure Future For All
Immediate Relief and Results
• Eliminates approximately $1 trillion of the nation’s public debt
• Reduces future private debt by approximately $1 trillion
• Immediately eliminates some private debt, especially for many homeowners
• Workers maintain better control of their earnings
• Production is no longer taxed, just consumption
• Most of the necessities of life are not taxed
• Encourages production thus revitalizing industry in America
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• Encourages rebuilding of inner cities
• Discourages wasteful uses of natural resources
• Exposes the true cost of government
• Greatly eliminates the struggle between tax “protesters” and bureaucracy
• Allows the “underground” to resurface and become a viable contribution to production of goods and
services
• Greatly restricts the influence of special interests and lobbyists
The Federal Reserve System
• The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 is amended
• The Federal Reserve System is abolished and replaced by a new Treasury Reserve System
• Control of the currency is moved from private control of the Fed to public control of Congress and
the new Treasury Reserve System
• Congress sets the standards for the new monetary system but the people create as much or as little
currency as they need
• Functions of the Federal Open Market Committee are transferred to the Board of Governors of the
new Treasury Reserve System
• A new mechanism, the Treasury Reserve Account, is created to provide the Treasury Reserve System
Board of Governors a better method to fine-tune the money supply, effectively eliminating inflation
• The Treasury Reserve System Board of Governors will continue using the previous three mechanisms
for controlling the money supply: 1. Setting reserve requirements. 2. Setting the national discount
rate. 3. Purchasing U.S. Treasury securities on the open market.
• All U.S. Treasury securities purchased by the Treasury Reserve System Board of Governors will be
immediately turned over to the U.S. Treasury and cancelled out of existence.
Monetary Policy
• People are provided with several alternatives for currency
• Constitutional currency is restored
• Currency becomes debt free as the people stop paying interest payments for their use of a public
utility
• Unlike previous policy, the new Treasury Reserve Board is provided one very specific mandate:
maintain a stable currency
• Expansion of the economy is returned to the free market
• Private coinage is encouraged
• Exchange ratios for the various currencies are published at least weekly
• Printing of redeemable gold and silver certificates is allowed
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• Postal money orders are made available in denominations of gold and silver coin
Banking
• Returns the banking industry to serving public interests
• For secured loans, compound interest is outlawed and replaced with a monetization fee
• Provides stricter banking controls by imposing excise taxes to discourage high or runaway
monetization fees
• On secured loans obtained from a fractional reserve bank, principal must be paid in full before the
bank begins collecting its monetization fee
• Eliminates the façade for banking insurance (FDIC)
• Except for fraud and criminal activities, virtually eliminates bank failures
• Banks are prohibited from using as reserves any commercial paper
• Only Treasury credit-notes can be used as bank reserves
• Banks are prohibited from purchasing government issued debt, effectively removing banks from
influencing monetary policy
• Checking accounts against gold and silver deposits are prohibited
• Commingling of funds among the various money accounts without owner’s permission is prohibited
• All currency deposits with banks are general warrant deposits and custody accounts.
The Income Tax
• The Income Tax Act of 1939 is amended
• People need no longer fear the IRS
• Billions of hours of nonproductive labor are eliminated
• Mounds of paper work are eliminated
• The cost of the income tax is no longer hidden and embedded in the cost of doing business and passed
down the chain with the consumer paying the final tab
• Most likely eliminates state income tax plans because state income taxation piggybacks on federal
income taxation
• The IRS is reformed into the National Tax Service
• Volumes of complicated tax code are history
• Eliminates personal income taxes
• Eliminates corporate income taxes
• Eliminates gift taxes and estate taxes
• Eliminates capital gains taxes
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Sales and Use Tax
• Tax rate of 14%
• Government entities are exempt
• Government mandated expenses such as licenses, permits, passports, are exempt
• Sales of bullion, coin and currency are exempt
• Sales made by or to nonprofit schools are exempt
• Sales of prescription drugs, medical supplies and services are exempt
• Real estate rents and leases are exempt
• Sales of groceries are exempt
• Sales of plants, livestock and fish used in the production of food for human consumption are exempt
• Insurance sales are exempt
• Segregated portions of labor in retail service contracts are exempt
• Incidental or occasional sales such as garage or rummage sales are exempt
• Sales for the purposes of recycling are exempt
• Meals provided by companies at company expense are exempt
• Sales that are nonprofit in nature are exempt

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

History of NESARA
To understand NESARA’s origins we must go back to the early years of the American Republic. Ever since England lost her most prized jewel the “American Colonies,” the royal crown was looking for ways to take back what was once theirs. The pioneers of our new republic knew the threat that faced the young nation. To ensure its survival a nobility amendment was passed to prevent anyone who had loyalties to the crown from holding public office. The 13th Amendment was approved by congress and the House of Representatives in 1810. It was ratified by all the necessary states into law on March 12, 1819. It reads as follows.
13th Amendment

If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive or retain, any title of nobility or honour, or shall, without the consent of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them.

This amendment was unacceptable for the British crown because this would essentially cut of all meddling into the affairs of the new republic’s government. It would also mean anyone who is a member of the BAR (Lawyer) association would not be allowed to hold public office. Remember the B.A.R. is short for the British Accredited Registry. This amendment is technically still in effect today and therefore all the laws that have been made by lawyers remains unconstitutional, as they are not allowed to be US citizens.

This is why England fought in a war with us in 1812. Washington D.C. was burned to the ground and the original documents which proved this was indeed a law were destroyed. The British monarchy knew the American people would never tolerate British rule again, so they offered back the republic to the people with one exception, the 13th amendment was to be removed from the constitution. Nearly 200 years have now since passed, we have been conquered and yet we don’t know it.

Then we had the civil war which was really about the Rothschild family trying to gain control of the south’s cotton industry. Then we had the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 which put America into slavery. Finally in the early 1990?s we started to see a change.

NESARA
The beginnings of NESARA takes us back to the early 1970?s when the banks where foreclosing on farmers mortgages all over the United States. The Willie Nelson “Live Aid” concerts were one of the fund raisers that helped these farmers. The farmers soon realized the banks where not only charging exorbitant and illegal amounts of interest, but they where illegally foreclosing on their homes.

When these farmers began to seek legal action against the banks they soon realized that the government and banks where working in collusion with each other. So in the early 1990?s, they sought the help of the Farmers Union and did in depth research on all the banks illegal activities. A series of lawsuits where initiated against the banks and the government. Over 336,000 Farm Claims filed for fraud against the U.S. Federal Government with an average of $20 million dollars per claim. This amounts to $6.6 trillion total.

In retaliation the banks and the government sent the IRS against the farmers. When the farmers realized they where being unfairly targeted by the IRS they began looking for ways to fight back. They requested help from military generals such as General Ray Swasinger, to sit in the court room to ensure the bribed judges would vote according to constitutional law.

These court cases ran up and down various state and federal courts from 1970?s till the 1990?s. Then in 1992-1993, the farmers appealed their case to the US supreme court. Almost unanimously the U.S. Supreme Court Justices ruled that the Farmers Union claims were VALID and that the U.S. federal government and the banks had seriously defrauded the farmers, and all U.S. citizens, out of vast sums of money and property. Furthermore the court ruled the shocking truth that the IRS and the Federal Reserve where unlawful, that the income tax amendment was never ratified by the US states, and that the US government had illegally foreclosed on farmers homes with the help of federal agencies. Irrefutable proof of such was presented by a retired CIA agent. He provided testimony and records of the banks illegal activity, to lead further evidence that the Farmers’ Union claims were legitimate.

The Justices recognized that to remedy this situation, massive reformations would be required.
Now, when rulings are made by the U.S. Supreme Court, one or more Justices are assigned to monitor the progress on how the rulings are carried out. In this case, five Justices were assigned to a committee to develop steps to implement required government and banking reformations. As the Justices went about developing the required reformations they enlisted the help of experts in economics, monetary systems, banking, Constitutional government and law, and many other related areas. The Justices built coalitions of support and assistance with thousands of people worldwide; these thousands of people working to bring us NESARA have been named “White Knights”.

This term “White Knights” was borrowed from the world of big business hostile takeovers. It refers to how a vulnerable company is “rescued from a hostile takeover by a White Knight” corporation or wealthy person. This term is a most accurate term for these “White Knights” are working behind the scenes to stop the madness.

After the trial, the damages process name was changed to Bank Claims. From 1993 through 1996, U.S. citizens filed Bank Claims against the banks and the federal government through the U.S. Treasury Department to obtain payment for the damages as specified by the U.S. Supreme Court. (This process CLOSED in 1996.)

Gag Order
Due to the ground breaking changes required, an extremely strict gag order was placed on everyone, directly involved and the court case records. Anyone who broke this gag order would receive the death penalty. Furthermore all court records where sealed until after all the reforms are completed. To maintain this secrecy, the case details for the docket number assigned to the Farmers’ Union case were changed.

As a result doing a search for this case will fail to reflect the correct information until after the reformations are made public.

At every step of the process, anyone directly involved has been required to sign an agreement to keep the U.S. Supreme Court’s process of implementing the required reformations “secret”, or face charges of Treason which are punishable by death. This gag order was placed on all media personnel, government officials, and bank employees. This is why Alex Jones or TV news anchors will not talk about this on air. Nor will wikipedia tell you the truth behind the law. Nor will Sherry Shriner who is nothing more than a CIA stooge. Minnesota Senator Paul Wellstone, was about to break the gag order, but before he could his small passenger plane crashed killing his wife, daughter, and himself.

Accords
To implement the required changes, the five Justices spent years negotiating how the reformations would occur. These agreements , known as “Accords” where made with the U.S. government, the Federal Reserve Bank owners, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and with numerous other countries including the United Kingdom and countries of the Euro Zone.

The U.S. banking system reformations require the Federal Reserve Bank system be absorbed by the U.S. Treasury Department and the banks’ fraudulent activities stopped. Plus remedies will need to be made to U.S. citizens for past harm due to fraud. The U.S. banking reformations will impact the entire world and therefore the IMF, World Bank, and other countries had to be involved.

As the years began to pass, the military generals who originally helped the farmers soon realized that the government had no intentions of implementing the “Accords.” So, the Justices authorized the reformations be put into the form of a 75 page document known as the National Economic Security and Reformation Act (NESARA).

NESARA implements the following changes:
1. Zeros out all credit card, mortgage, and other bank debt due to illegal banking and government activities
2. Abolishes income tax
3. Abolishes IRS; creates 14% flat rate non-essential “new items only” sales tax revenue for government
4. Increases benefits to senior citizens
5. Returns Constitutional Law to all our courts and legal matters.
6. Establishes new Presidential and Congressional elections within 120 days after NESARA’s announcement
7. Monitors elections and prevents illegal election activities of special interest groups
8. Creates new US Treasury currency, “rainbow currency,” backed by gold, silver, and platinum precious metals
9.. Initiates new U.S. Treasury Bank System in alignment with Constitutional Law
10. Eliminates the Federal Reserve System
11. Restores financial privacy
12. Retrains all judges and attorneys in Constitutional Law
13. Ceases all aggressive, US government military actions worldwide
14. Establishes peace throughout the world
15. Initiates first phase of worldwide prosperity distribution of vast wealth which has been accumulating for many decades. Every American citizen over the age of 21 will receive $100,000 a month for 11 years. The law requires that the farmers claims to be paid first before the general public receives funds. Remember, these funds will come from the Level 5 Trust, bank roll programs.
16. Releases enormous sums of money for humanitarian purposes
17. Enables the release of new technologies such as free energy devices, pollution cleanup, and sonic healing machines.

This law was passed secretly on March 9, 2000 by Congress. It was voted on by seven members congress, which where the only ones constitutionally allowed to hold office. This is because the nobility amendment prevents anyone with ties to the crown from holding office.

Plus, NESARA requires all congress members to resign immediately, so all the corrupt members of congress refused to vote. From its very inception Bush Snr., the false congress, and major bank houses, and the Carlyle group opposed NESARA. Secrecy was maintained by revising the official congressional registry. The details of the bill number for NESARA were revised to reflect a commemorative coin and revised again more recently.

Our members of congress will not tell us any of this because they have been ordered by the U.S. Supreme Court Justices to “deny” the existence of NESARA or face charges of Treason punishable by death; and some members of Congress have actually been charged with “obstruction” and threatened with Treason charges. Therefore, all members of Congress pretend that NESARA has not been passed in order to comply with the Justices’ gag order. This why there are no public Congressional Records!

The unelected cloned President Bill Clinton and his puppet masters, had no interest in signing NESARA into law. So, the military generals enlisted the help of the elite Naval Seals and the Delta Force. Together they stormed the White House and under gunpoint forced Bill Clinton to sign NESARA into law. This occurred on October 10, 2000.

Before NESARA is announced to the public it is stipulated that the original farm claims must be paid out first in with gold or precious metals backed currency as stipulated by the constitution. Therefore they cannot be paid in Federal Reserve notes which is not money anyway. The $6.6 trillion is to be distributed in the form of ATM debit cards from the new gold back US Treasury system. This money will come from the bank roll programs originally set up by benevolent illuminati families. The only catch is to release these funds they must first be released by Goldman Sacs and Bank of America which are owned by the Rockefeller and Bush cabals.

To prevent the funds from being released the banking documents, which contains instructions on how to access the funds, are being transported 24/7 between warehouses in Charlotte, NC and Washington D.C. The drivers of these Fed Ex trucks are heavily bribed and many of are afraid of reprisals from the Bush family if they deliver their payload as required by law.

One time when these packets where returned to Washington D.C., Bush placed them under military guard. Federal judges ordered him to release the funds, G.W. Bush replied. “You will never receive these packages, they belong to me”. The judge answered “I can do no more, he is President of the U.S.”

The news media were called and refused to film the guards saying “He is the President and we are afraid of what he will do.” (code for we also work for the Illuminati)

This has been going on for some time, so the IMF, and World Bank got together along with the Rothschild family to set up a new global banking system backed by gold. This will ultimately kill the Federal Reserve System which is worthless fiat money. It was approved by congress on September 19, 2007. On October 19, 2007, at midnight the U.S. treasury of the Republic went on-line with the Global Banking System. The next step is announcing this to the public, but it’s not an easy task to do.

Many powerful groups have tried to stop the announcement and implementation of the NESARA law. 18 months after NESARA became law, the Justices had the current Congress pass resolutions “approving” NESARA on September 9, 2001.

On September 10, 2001 George Bush Sr. moved into the White house to steer his son on how to block the announcement.

The next day NESARA was set to be announced at 10 a.m. EDT on September 11, 2001.

~~ End of Information ~~

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